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World Hunger

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Emily Tingey

on 8 January 2014

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Transcript of World Hunger

Hunger kills more people every year than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.
Where is hunger?
Developing countries:
There are 842 million hungry people,
-------- 98% of them are living in developing countries.
The Hunger Game
What is
World Hunger?
Malnutrition
Solutions

How Hunger affects a country
million people do not have enough to eat
.
Every
seconds someone will die of starvation or malnutrition-
related causes.
Chronic hunger is from an inadequate food supply
-resulting in malnutrition or death
-affecting a large proportion of the world's population.
There are two types of malnutrition
a) Protein energy malnutrition (PEM)
b) Micronutrient deficiency
World hunger refers to the millions of people with insufficient access to food.
Rural Areas and Villages:
3/4 of all hungry people are located in villages in Africa and Asia.

Malnutrition is the product of chronic hunger, resulting from inadequate consumption of essential nutrients including vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
Malnutrition weakens every part of the immune system making victims more susceptible to infections and worsening diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS
Economically: Work force
Socially: People are starving
- Countries cannot progress if their population is starving
- Children cannot perform well in school, labor is unproductive and the focus of daily life is finding the next meal

World hunger is a complex issue influenced by geopolitical factors such as:
-economics,
-infrastructure
-environmental factors, and
-politics.
Starvation is a product of 'food insecurity' resulting from prolonged hunger and malnutrition.

Starvation ---- malnutrition ----impaired growth and development in children.

An inadequate intake of essential nutrients including vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids and carbohydrates can cause
Kwashiorkor Protein deficiency
Scurvy, Vitamin C deficiency
Blindness Vitamin A deficiency
Rickets Vitamin D, calcium or phosphorous deficiency
Low energy Lack of calories
Psychological effects from constant hungry -- poor function
Starvation
Chronic starvation can lead to organ failure and eventually death.
Starvation is the single greatest threat to the world's public health.
MALNUTRITION is the largest contributor to child mortality
Killing 3.1 million children under 5 every year!

Food Security
Defined: when all people at all times have both physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life.
3 pillars
Food Availability
Food Access
Food Use
http://cdn.wfp.org/hungermap/
Causes of Hunger

Many people in the world are living in severe
poverty
; they do not have enough money to buy food or land to grow what they need.

When
conflict

arises in a country, such as war, food is rationed and controlled by certian sectors.

Climate

can be responsible for the failure of crops, from drought, flooding, and soil erosion.

Corruption
at all levels makes matters worse.

Harmful economies

are the main cause of poverty and hunger.
Developing world: mal-distributes wealth
Developed world: taking advantage of the developing world

The world's hungry are experiencing
food insecurity.
The top United Nation millennium developmental goal is to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 50% by 2015.

There is enough food in the world to feed everyone!
Food insecurity can result from natural disasters, droughts, floods that destroy crops but more from
---- economic disasters, poverty, and the maldistribution of food.
Hunger
Opposing ideas on how to "solve" world hunger:
-Democracy
- Redistribution of wealth: forgiving debts
- World food program
Micronutrient deficiency
(Rickets)
Protein energy malnutrition
(Kwashiorkor)
Starvation
Deprivation of ALL calories
Decrease poverty
Target infant nutrition
Prevent land theft
Stop stock market speculations
Support small farming
Use bio-engineered crops
It is the deprivation of ALL vital calories and nutrients in the long term
CASE STUDY: HUNGER IN THE UNITED STATES
FOOD INSECURITY: not knowing where or how one will eat their next meal
In the United States, 1 out of every 5 children experiences food insecurity
NATIONAL AVERAGE: 14.9%
Mississippi 20.9%

Arkansas 19.7%

Texas 18.4%

Alabama 17.9%

North Carolina 17.0%

Georgia 16.9%

Missouri 16.7%

Nevada 16.6%

Ohio 16.1%

California 15.6%
IN HOUSEHOLDS WITH A SINGLE PARENT, OR HISPANIC OR AFRICAN AMERICAN HOUSEHOLDS, THIS RATE JUMPS TO NEARLY 25%
ESTIMATED COST TO END WORLD HUNGER: 30 BILLION DOLLARS A YEAR
ANNUAL MILITARY BUDGET IN THE UNITED STATES:
737 BILLION DOLLARS
One week of the American Military Budget could end World Hunger
Annually, hunger costs the United States 167 Billion Dollars in productivity and social costs
A HUNGRY WORKER IS NOT A PRODUCTIVE WORKER
- $130.5 billion: Illness costs linked to hunger and food insecurity.
CRUNCHING SOME NUMBERS
- $19.2 billion: Value of poor educational outcomes and lower lifetime earnings linked to hunger and food insecurity
- $17.8 billion: Value of charitable contributions to address hunger and food insecurity.
Hunger costs every citizen in the United States of America $542 annually, adding up to $42,400 over the course of a lifetime.
$42,400 x 310 000 000 citizens = 1.34^13 dollars
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PtODh6fQ5i0#t=17
A WORLD OF HUNGER
128 Billion
Dollars lost of productivity worldwide in developing countries
Malnutrition-affected workers are harder to train, more likely to make mistakes, and have higher absenteeism rates due to sickness
These factors contribute the struggling economies in many developing countries, as well as the rate of high disease, lack of education and social turmoil.
30 BILLION
Warren Buffet: 58B $
Foreign Aid to Israel: 30B $
104.3B $
39.4B $
1.8T $
50 Million $
Eight ways to solve world hunger
Full transcript