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Cultural Poetics or New Historicism
Transcript of Cultural Poetics or New Historicism
Historians were able to objectively reproduce a given historical period and state "how it really was". CULTURAL MATERIALISM Believing that literature can serve as an agent of change.
Cultural materialists declare that a culture's hegemony is unstable. History serves as a background to literature.
The historical background of the text is only secondarily important.
History is an accurate view of what really occurred. called New Historicism(US)/ Cultural Materialism(UK)
asserts that history is one of many discourses
or ways of seeing and thinking about the world New Historicism's major tenets:
Literary texts are embedded in social and political discourses.
All literary texts are vehicles of power Foucalult's tireless questioning of the nature of literature, history, culture, and society. The study of literature and of its relationship to history has been too narrow.
Viewing a text as culture in action, these critics blur the distinction between an artistic production or event. A critic must read the works of the established canon "against the grain" One's culure permeates both texts and critics
All of society is intricately interwoven
all critics are influenced by their culure
None of us can escape public and private culture influence