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Cultural Poetics or New Historicism

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Bowen Peng

on 29 May 2013

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Transcript of Cultural Poetics or New Historicism

Finally NEW HISTORICISM OLD HISTORICISM Cultural Poetics or New Historicism THE NEW HISTORICISM Cultural Poetics HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Cultural Poetics develops as a result of New Criticism's dominance of literary criticism. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT Many scholars believed that history served as background information for texual analysis.
Historians were able to objectively reproduce a given historical period and state "how it really was". CULTURAL MATERIALISM Believing that literature can serve as an agent of change.
Cultural materialists declare that a culture's hegemony is unstable. History serves as a background to literature.

The historical background of the text is only secondarily important.

History is an accurate view of what really occurred. called New Historicism(US)/ Cultural Materialism(UK)
asserts that history is one of many discourses
or ways of seeing and thinking about the world New Historicism's major tenets:
Literary texts are embedded in social and political discourses.
All literary texts are vehicles of power Foucalult's tireless questioning of the nature of literature, history, culture, and society. The study of literature and of its relationship to history has been too narrow.
Viewing a text as culture in action, these critics blur the distinction between an artistic production or event. A critic must read the works of the established canon "against the grain" One's culure permeates both texts and critics

All of society is intricately interwoven

all critics are influenced by their culure

None of us can escape public and private culture influence
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