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Integumentary Disorders

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Shealenn Guion

on 22 June 2015

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Transcript of Integumentary Disorders

Integumentary Disorders
Exact cause is unknown
Found in family histories of allergies or asthma
For some, a 'flare up' can occur in response to skin irritants
Cited Sources

Atopic dermatitis (skin inflammation caused by an allergen),Contact dermatitis (localized skin irritation caused by contact with a particular substance), Dryness of the skin, Eczema (skin inflammation or irritation), Parasite infestation, such as scabies, head lice, or pinworm, Rash, Sunburn

Definition: the symptom of itching, an uncomfortable sensation leading to the urge to scratch. Scratching may result in secondary infection. Some causes of pruritus are allergy, infection, chronic renal disease, lymphoma, and skin irritation.

Sign and Symptoms: Tingling, iritating or uneasy sensation on he skin, Redness, pain, swelling or discharge from associated lesions or pustules.

Atopic Dermatitis/Atopic Eczema
Affects 10-20% of babies, 3% of adults
Symptoms include itchy, thick skin, rash
Infant rashes can produce an oozing, crusting condition

The treatment for Pruritus of systemic disease varies depending on the underlying etiology.

Antihistamines, Emollients ( offer little relieve but should be tried first since they are inexpensive)
Topical creams
Oral Medication
Natural remedies
First Steps to Treating Eczema!

If you have eczema, it is important to take good care of your skin.
Take Warm bath's to moisturize your skin
Apply lotion to affected areas daily
Over-the-counter creams
Prescription ointments
Avoid rough fabric over affected areas
Avoid excessive persperation
Despite the fact that psoriasis is incurable, it responds well to many topical and systemic treatments.
Topical treatments (Salicylic acid,Steroid-based creams,Coal-tar ointments and shampoos)
Light Therapy
Oral drugs
Natural treatments such as Aloe Vera
No diagnostic tests
Treatment aimed to alleviate itching
OTC treatment options available

Eczema and Your Skin | Eczema Types, Symptoms, Causes, and More. (2015, February 6).
Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/atopic-dermatitis-eczema?page=2#2

Ayla, Shea, Kimily, Kimberley

a condition in which skin cells build up and form scales and itchy, dry patches.
: a problem with the immune system in a process called cell turnover, skin cells that grow deep in your skin rise to the surface. Normally, this takes a month. In psoriasis, it happens in just days because your cells rise too fast. It begins in the immune system, mainly with a type of white blood cell called a T cell. T cells help protect the body against infection and disease. With psoriasis, T cells are put into action by mistake. They become so active that they set off other immune responses.
: depending on the type of psoriasis it can be in all parts of the body. For example
inverse psoriasis
is located in the armpits, groin, under breasts, skin folds and around buttocks and gentials

Diagnositic tests:
because psoriasis can look like many other diseases it can be hard to diagnose. Your doctor may need to take a small skin sample under the miscroscope
Signs & Symptoms
symptoms come and go but infections, stress, dry skin, and certain medications can make them flare up
depending on the severity it can come in small patches or huge ones that cover an entire area
thick, white or silvery, red patches
thickly scaled patches, very dry and cracked

Psoriasis: MedlinePlus. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2015, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/psoriasis.html

"The 7 Types of Psoriasis." <i>WebMD</i>. WebMD, n.d. Web. 22 June 2015.
Treatment. (2013, August 15). Retrieved June 22, 2015, from

Size: size verries it can cover your entire body or only one part
Color: Skin becomes red becuase of itching
Locations: Can be anywhere on the body
Precautions: Talk to doctors about any medications to see of you are having an allergic reaction.
Avoid hot showers or baths
Avoid scratchy fabric
wear sunscreen
moisturize skin

Diagnostic tests: Blood test- A complete blood count can provide evidence of an internal condition causing your itch ex iron deficiency.
Chemistry profile- This test is used to determine if you have a liver or kidney disorder.
Thyroid function test- Thyroid abnormalities, such as hyperthyroidism, may cause itching.
Chest X-rays- Signs of underlying disease that are associated with itchy skin, such as enlarged lymph nodes, can be seen by using radiography.

Butler, D., & Flowers, F. (2014, August 14). Pruritus and Systemic Disease Treatment & Management (M. Wells, J. Miller, & W. James, Eds.). Retrieved June 22, 2015, from
Jaliman, D. (2015, April 16). Psoriasis Treatments: Vitamins, Dead Sea Salt, Cayenne, and More. Retrieved June 22, 2015, from

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