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Countdown By Deborah Wiles

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lily martin

on 14 April 2011

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Transcript of Countdown By Deborah Wiles

Countdown By Deborah Wiles What are some events that happened in 1962? The cuban missile crisis begins (and ends).
Nelson Mandela is arrested in South Africa.
The sino-indian war.
John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the earth.
The number of American Soliders in the Vietnam war increases to 8,000.
State-sponsored praying in school is outlawed.
President Kennedy announces that we will send a man to the moon later in the decade.
The first international television broadcast satellite is put into orbit.
Alan Shepard becomes the first American in space.
Adolf Eichmann is executed for his involment in the halocaust.
Algeria becomes indepedent from France.
James Meredith is the first black man to go to the University Of Mississippi.

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? Who was President Kennedy? Who are the some of the characters in Countdown? What is Countdown about? Countdown is a documentary novel by Deborah Wiles. It is part of a series called 'The Sixties Trilogy'. It is based on real historical happenings in 1962, although the book is not based on real characters or their story. The story tells of a young girl named Franny Chapman, who must live through these terrifying events. Not only does she have to deal with these world conflicts, she must deal with personal problems of her own. She and her best friend are in a fight, her teenage sister is mysteriously always gone, and her uncle is constantly have flashbacks from World War 1. Other events further complicate things, and soon Franny doesn't know how to deal with it all. Weaved through this story are amazing articles and photos about this time that changed the world. About the Author: Who was Chairmen Khrushchev? Reviews of Countdown: "Wiles has created a new way of experiencing history in the pages of a novel. Her acheivement makes this book a must buy for school libraries all across the country regardless of age." - Ed Spicer, SpicyReads

"The larger story... told her in a expert coupling of design and text,is how life endures, even triumphs, no matter how perilous the times." - The Horn Book

"Wiles scores with both context and character."- The Chicago Tribune

“[Countdown] has a striking scrapbook feel, with ingeniously selected and placed period photographs, cartoons, essays, song lyrics, quotations, advertisements and “duck and cover” instructions interspersed through the narrative. References to duct tape (then newly invented), McDonald’s and other pop culture lend authenticity to the phenomenal story of the beginnings of radical change in America.” - Kirkus reviews Front bookcover flap of Countdown Franny Chapman: is an 11 year old who goes to Camp Springs Elementary School. Her father is an Air Force Pilot at Andrews Air Base. And like most people, Franny just wants everyone to get along. Every night in her head she tries to write a letter to Chairman Khrushchev, asking him to for peace. But she can never finish it. Then during the scariest moment of her life, she finally can. Drew Chapman: is Franny's 8 year old brother. Franny calls him "Saint Drew" because he has never told a lie and rarely gets in trouble. When he grows up, he wants to be like John Glenn
and be an astronaunt. Margie Gardner: is Franny's best friend who lives across the street. Throughout the book, her and Franny get in a big fight about the boy next door, Chris, a letter that belongs to Jo Ellen, and a girl named Gale Hoffman. But they make up in an unusual way when an innocent Halloween Party turns awry. Uncle Otts: is Franny's uncle who is a World War 1 and 11 veteran. He has constant flashbacks about the war and sometimes acts like the they are still happening. All the neighborhood kids think hes a weird physco. At the beginning of the book, Franny is often embarrassed to be seen with him or acknowledge him as her uncle. But she learns whats bothering him, and she decides to accept it. Jo Ellen Chapman: is Franny's teenage sister who is constantly disapearing. Franny investigates
and eventually learns that her sister is in a group that she claims will help do good work
in the world. And she says she's going down South to help change it. John Fitzgerald Kennedy was born on May 29, 1917. He was the 2nd of 9 children born to Joe and Rose Kennedy. His parents encouraged him to take part in politics and public service, and thats just what he did. He was a World War 11 veteran and hero, a senator from Massachusetts, and the first Roman Catholic president. He married Jaqueline Bovier, a young, wealthy, and beautiful lady who was an avid horse rider and writer. When he was elected President he was just 43 years old. Jackie O, as she was called, was only 31. They had two children, Caroline and John F. Kennedy Jr.

From the beginning of his presidency, John faced many problems. He had to face segregation in the south, the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Vietnam War, and much more. In 1961 he ordered that American troops be sent to overthrow Fidel Castro, a Cuban dictator. It is commonly known as The Bay Of The Pigs Invasion. The mission failed and it created a spark that turned into the Cuban Missile Crisis. But after 13 days of negotiations, him and Chairmen Khrushchev Of the Soviet Union reached a peace agreement.

He sent numerous military advisors to Vietnam, but he did not approve of sending combat troops there.

He also founded the Peace Corps.

In November 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas by an unknown killer. Lee Harvey Oswald was a suspect. Nikita Khrushchev was born on April 15, 1894 in Urkraine. Unlike President
Kennedy, his family was very poor. He was married in 1915 but his wife died shortly after from a famine. In 1924 he remarried a Schoolteacher named Nina Petrovna. He had two children with his second wife.
He rose from the working class and became a member of the Communist Party in 1918. He kept close realtions with Joseph Stalin, the head of the Soviet Union, by backing all his policies, and when he died in 1953, Nikita became the First Secretary Of The Communist Party. But, totally against what he had done before, Khrushchev delievered the Secret Speech, in which he critized all of Stalin's tactics. He let prisoners go from concentration camps and made the secret police less of a threat. In 1958 he became the leader of the Soviet Union and The Communist Party. Events followed, such as The Cuban Missile Crisis, and in 1962 he resigned/ was overthrowed.

He lived peacfully until his death in September 1971. The Cuban Missle Crisis began on October 14, 1962 when a US plane took pictures of
Russian missiles on Cuban soil aimed at the United States. It all happened in a span of 13 days, although for some it seemed like years. For those 13 days, Americans lived in fear of being bombed. While President Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev negotiated, Americans were getting ready for a nuclear attack. They built bomb shelters, stocked up on canned food, did bomb drills, and children in schools practiced hiding under desks and watched videos on how to keep safe. Not only were Americans scared, but so was the whole world. Many wondered if this would be the third World War. Many wondered how it would affect their lives.

It all started with the Bay Of The Pigs invasion, when President Kennedy sent American troops to Cuba to over-throw dictator Fidel Castro- It failed. The Cubans teamed up with the Soviet Union and thus began The Cuban Missile Crisis.

Finally, after those horrifying 13 days, Kennedy and Khrushchev had reached a deal. If we promised not to invade Cuba, the Soviet Union would take down their missiles. Along with that, we promised to take down our missiles in an American Airbase in Turkey so that they werent as close to USSR. Deborah Wiles was born in 1953 in Mobile, Alabama. Her father was in the Air Force. Like Franny, she attended Camp Springs Elementary School outside Washington D.C.

She currently lives in Atlanta, Georgia with her husband Jim Pearce, who is a jazz pianist.

She has writen many books, including *Love, Ruby Lavender*, *Each Little Bird That Sings"*, *Aurora County All-Stars*, and *Freedom Summer*.


Visit Deborah Wiles' website at: http://deborahwiles.com Prezi Created By Lily Martin
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