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Abraham Lincoln: The Assassination

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Caleb Reed

on 12 May 2014

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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln: The Assassination

Abraham Lincoln: The Assassination
Shots Fired
April 15, 1865, Washington, D.C.
Abraham Lincoln, Assassinated
Ford's Theater
Lincoln and his wife,Mary Todd Lincoln, were enjoying the comedy performance "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater located at 511 10th St NW, Washington, DC 20004.
Lincoln was also accompanied by his twenty-eight year-old officer named Major Henry R. Rathbone, and Rathbone's fiancee, Clara Harris.
The Country That Mourns
Caleb Reed
Brain Storming Questions
- Who killed Lincoln?
- Where was the scene of the crime?
- What was happening during the Murdering?
- What was the plan of the murder?
Bibliography
-1st Website
WEBSITE:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html-4/20/14
-2nd Website
WEBSITE:http://www.fordstheatre.org/home/explore-lincoln/learn-story/fords-theatre-history-4/20/14
-3rd Website
WEBSITE:http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/malhome.html-4/21/14
-Book
BOOK: Lincoln, Abraham. Abraham Lincoln Papers. Washington DC: Library of Congress,1865.
-Encyclopedia Article
ARTICLE: "Assassination of Abraham Lincoln" britannica.com



The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, dropped the pistol and waved a dagger. Rathbone lunged at him, and though slashed in the arm, forced the killer to the railing. Booth leaped from the balcony and caught the spur of his left boot on a flag draped over the rail, and shattered a bone in his leg on landing. Though injured, he rushed out the back door, and disappeared into the night on horseback.
Shortly after 10pm, after the play was in progress, a figure with a drawn derringer pistol stepped into the presidential box, aimed, and fired. The president slumped forward.
The Assassin
Meanwhile...
At almost the same moment Booth fired the shot, his accomplice, Lewis Paine, attacked Lincoln's Secretary of State, William Henry Seward.
Seward lay in bed, recovering from a carriage accident. Paine entered the mansion, claiming to have a delivery of medicine from the Secretary's doctor.
Seward's son, Frederick, was brutally beaten while trying to keep Paine from his father's door.
Paine slashed the Secretary's throat twice, then fought his way past Seward's son Augustus, an attending hospital corps veteran, and a State Department messenger.
Method Behind the
Madness

Paralyzed President
A doctor in the audience immediately went upstairs to the box.
The bullet had entered through Lincoln's left ear and lodged behind his right eye.
He was paralyzed and barely breathing.
He was carried across Tenth Street, to a boarding-house opposite the theater, but the doctors' best efforts failed.
Nine hours later, at 7:22 AM on April 15th, Lincoln died.
John Wilkes Boothe
Partners In Crime: Lewis Paine,
All were hung at the gallows of the Old Penitentiary, on the site of present-day Fort McNair, on July 7, 1865.
Aiding the South?
Why did Booth do it?
He thought it would aid the South, which had just surrendered to Federal forces.
It had nearly the opposite effect, ending Lincoln's plans for a rather generous peace.
The conspirators were all captured, and Booth was shot while trying to escape from Union soldiers.

This "wanted" poster appeared everywhere, offering a reward for the arrest of Booth and his accomplices.
Grieving Nation
The whole country grieved the death of President Lincoln.
As the nine-car funeral train carried President Lincoln home for burial in Springfield, Illinois, people showed up at train stations all along the way to pay their respects.
Never the Same
The South was brought back into the Union much less peaceful than Lincoln had ever planned.
Andrew Johnson had come in and almost wanted to punish the South for their actions.
President Lincoln was never more loved, than he was once he was gone.
Primary source
Secondary Source
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html-4/20/14
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html-4/20/14
http://www.ushistory.org/us/34f.asp-4/20/14
http://www.ushistory.org/us/34f.asp-4/21/14
http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSVvRSxTGUOrlaA9NL9Y1DZcG4wqBluloeR5tMXCWhnNTbiuwgq-4/20/14
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrintr.html-4/20/14
http://www.ushistory.org/us/34f.asp-4/21/14
http://www.ushistory.org/us/34f.asp-4/21/14
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/civil/jb_civil_lincoln_1.html-4/21/14
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/civil/jb_civil_lincoln_1.html-4/21/14
http://www.fordstheatre.org/home/explore-lincoln/learn-story/fords-theatre-history-4/20/14
http://www.ushistory.org/us/34f.asp-$/21/14
Full transcript