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The Star Nosed Mole

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Bridget Healy

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of The Star Nosed Mole

THE STAR NOSED MOLE The Star Nosed Mole is a small mole found in eastern regions of Canada's Boreal Forest and in the Eastern United States. They Prefer wet areas, most common are streams, lake edges, and swamps. This mole comes above ground much more often than other mole species and is an adept swimmer. Star nosed moles are the most distinctive types of mammals. Their snouts are hairless and ringed by a unique "star" of 22 pink, fleshy tentacles. The Star nosed Mole is a small mole found in wet, low areas in eastern regions of Canada's Boreal forest and in the eastern United states. They prefer wet areas, most common ones are loamy soils near streams, lake edges and swamps. The star has 11 appendages per side that vary in length from 1 to 4 mm. These mammals range from 175 to 205m in length and weighs between 35 and 75g. Diet The star nosed moles eat a variety of worms, beetles, ants, larvae, slugs, salamanders, young snakes,and nesting mice when encountered during tunneling. Aquatic Diet Their Aquatic Diet includes small fish, midge larvae, and caddisfly. Reproduction Star nosed moles only have one mate each breeding season. males and females pair up in fall and remain together through breeding season. Reproduction Star Nosed Moles mate in the spring from about mid-March through April. Pregnancy lasts about 45 days and pups are born in late April through mid-June. Females produce one litter of 2-7 pups per year. Pups At birth the pups are hairless, the eyes and ears are closed and the tentacles of the star are folded back along the snout the eyes, ears and snout become functional after 2 weeks. Pups are independent at 30 days and reach maturity at 10 months. The snout Since these moles spend some of their underground they don't have much use for eyesight. The star is a sense organ used to locate prey. The tentacles are covered with very sensitive tactile hairs and organs of touch called Eimer's organs. The tentacles are mobile and the moles sweep its nose through the water or soil while feeding. They can find prey using their sense of touch. Hmmm, Interesting Star Nosed Moles can smell underwater by exhaling air bubbles onto objects and then re-inhaling them to smell the scents they have trapped THE END!
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