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Transcript of BOX HILL
By Max Stockdale
Box Hill is located in Surrey about 30 km south of London in the North Downs. Box Hill takes its name from the box trees which grow there. The trees are specific to this one area of Britain because it is the furthest north that the trees will grow. Box Hill is an A.O.N.B (an area of outstanding natural beauty). An estimated 850,000 people visit Box Hill each year and it has attracted the 2012 Olympics to cycle on one of the roads there named the zig zag. we will be going to Box Hill to study the effect of tourists over the past 200 years.
Aims and Investigative Methods for the
The aim of the Trampling investigation was to measure the diversity and the variation of plant life, the infiltration of water into the ground and the soil depth on and off the path along a 10 metre tape measure.
Aim-To investigate the impact that visitors have on the vegatation on Box Hill
1. we measured 10 metres with measuring tape and we layed it half on the path and half off the path.
2. We placed the quadrat over the ground at regular two metre intervals along the tape to measure the variation of plants in the quadrant.
3. we used visual evidence to find the variation and the abundance of plant species by using a tape measure and a soil pin to measure the depth of the soil. We also Measured how many patches of bare ground there were in a quadrant, Bare ground was determined by the the size of a 50 pence piece.
4. We then tested the Infiltration of the ground at the start of the 10 metre line which was on the path, and once at the end of the line which was off the path.
5. We used an Infiltration tube and poured 1cm of water and timed how long it took for the water to completely dissappered into the ground.
Aims and Investigative Methods for the Environmental Impact Assessment
Aim: To investigate the environmental effect on four selected areas on Box Hill.
1. We chose Burford Spur, Tourist Center, the Monument and Lodge Hill to base our experiment because these are the four most popular areas in box hill for people to visit. The Tourist Center being the most popular and Lodge Hill being the least.
2. As we visited the specific areas we measured for the following criteria: Litter, Dog fouling, Noise pollution, Air quality, Vandalism and space.
3. We did not use any scientific equipment to these variables. We only used our senses and our thoughts based on a scale on 1-4 one is worst and 4 is best. we will base our results on a totally subjective experiment.
Results For Trampling Investigation
How Tourism Effects Box Hill
Results for the E.I.A
Explanation of Results for Trampling Investigation
Trampling Investigation: For the trampling investigation I found out that the Broad Leafed Grasses were the most common along the 10 metre transect but were closely followed by the fine leafed grasses. I was surprised to find that there were so few Dandelions because I thought in an AONB would have a great variety of plants. We also found out that on the path the infiltration took over 3.45 minutes and off the path it took 10 seconds. This fascinated me because it really showed me how much effect people have of the environment. When I compared my results for the Max plant
height I was confused about the height of the plants because another group had heights of up to 700 mm. I re-checked my transect and it turns out that we had lower plant height than the other groups. I was correct in my assumption that the further of the path we went the deeper the soil would be and again showed me how much impact we have on the environment.
Explanation of Results for the E.I.A
MY hypotheses was correct in saying that the visitors center had the highest total. This is because it has to accommodate for many visitors and it is understandable that this place would have the the highest total because of the amount of benches meaning little space else and a fair bit of vandalism because it is the most easily accessible
place in Box Hill because it has a road running next to it. Also, there is a reasonably big car park next to the center meaning that there is space for cars, meaning more noise pollution.
I was not surprised that Lodge hill had the lowest total because it was the most cut of and serene place we visited, not many people would walk their dogs there meaning less dog fouling and not many people would be bothered to walk there to vandalize it. In the Victorian era, people would take the train to visit Box Hill because of the view and because it would be a nice outing. The Victorians would walk all around Box Hill and today the average person only walks 200 metres!
During my visit to Box Hill I found out that the Visitors Center is the most visited place in Box Hill. This did not surprise me because the visitors center is right next to a main road taking one in and out of Box Hill, it has a restaurant and also a gift shop so these qualities made the visitors center an attractive place for tourists to visit. But despite these features this meant that vandals could visit the area with relative ease and I noticed quite a bit of vandalism there.
I think that the tour guides are a key part to Box Hill, this is because when we were walking to Burford Spur, the tour guide made us do fun experiments to get the point across and make us realise what and impact we have on the world. The tour guide also talked in depth about the land and we were all captured and fascinated about Box Hill. To improve my project I would have to visit Box Hill at different times of the year such as winter where the ground is harder and in spring where the ground is softening up. To make my results more objective for the E.I.A, I would bring proper equipment such as a decibel metre to measure the noise made at different areas of Box Hill. Also the E.I.A would have to be carried out in different months to see how the noise and pollution differs from another month.
In summary i think that Box Hill is a very nice place and run by professionals who are interested in making us learn the impact of human intervention to the Earth and for me it was a very enjoyable trip with fun and educational experiments that taught us the value of our Earth.