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Tenses

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by

Lette van den Berg

on 13 January 2014

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Transcript of Tenses

Present
Future
Past
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple
Present Simple
What it looks like
I
work
you
work
he/she/it
work
s
we

work
you
work
they
work
When it is used
something happens every day, it
is a habit, it happens frequently
or doesn't change
Signal words
every day
usually
never
Present Continuous
What it looks like
I
am

work
ing
you
are
working
he/she/it
is
working
we are working
you are working
they are working
When it is used
something is happening
right now
Signal words
right now
at the moment
Present Perfect
What it looks like
I
have

work
ed
you have worked
he/she/it
has
worked
we have worked
you have worked
they have worked
When it is used
something happened or has been done in the past and still continues or still has an effect on the present.
Signal words
just
recently
yet
since [2011]
Present Perfect Continuous
What it looks like
I
have been

work
ing
you have been working
he/she/it
has
been working
we have been working
you have been working
they have been working
When it is used
something happened in the past and still continues (or has júst finished). The focus is on the activity or on the duration.
Signal words
for
all day
Present
Future
Past
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple
What it looks like
I
work
ed
you worked
he/she/it worked
we worked
you worked
they worked
When it is used
something happened in the past and has stopped
Signal words
last night
in [1997]
What it looks like
I
was

work
ing
you
were
working
he/she/it was working
we were working
you were working
they were working
When it is used
something was happening in the past.

Used in combination with the
past simple
to indicate that something interrupted the activity.
Signal words
when
Past Perfect
What it looks like
I
had

work
ed
you had worked
he/she/it had worked
we had worked
you had worked
they had worked
When it is used
something happened in the past befóre something else happened (in the
past simple
).
Signal words
before
What it looks like
I
had been

work
ing
you had been working
he/she/it had been working
we had been working
you had been working
they had been working
When it is used
something was happening in the past, when something else happened (in
past simple
)
Signal words
when
Now
Now
Present
Future
Past
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple
Future Simple
What it looks like
I
will

work
you will work
he/she/it will work
we will work
you will work
they will work
When it is used
something will happen in the future. You make a decision at the moment of speaking or you are very decisive about it
Now
TENSES
I like cats
I wake up at 8 o'clock every morning
I am working
It is raining at the moment
I have bought a car recently
I have lived here since 1998
I have been working all day
I have been running for three hours
I liked cats
I woke up at 8 o'clock this morning
I was working (when Sally
rang
the doorbell)
Paul had gone home(, before Sarah
arrived
at the party).
I had been watching TV when my father came in
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Present
Past
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Present Simple
What it looks like
I work
you work
he/she/it work
s
we work
you work
they work
When it is used
iets gebeurt regelmatig/altijd
of iets is een feit
Signal words
every day
usually
never
Present Continuous
What it looks like
be + -ing

I
am
work
ing
you
are
working
he/she/it
is
working
we are working
you are working
they are working
When it is used
iets is nu aan de gang
Signal words
right now
at the moment
Present Perfect
What it looks like
have + -ed of 3

I
have
work
ed
you have worked
he/she/it
has
worked
we have worked
you have worked
they have worked
When it is used
-iets is (ergens) in het verleden begonnen en gaat nu nog door
-ervaringen tot nu toe (nog nooit/ooit)
-iets is in het verleden gebeurd en heeft nu nog effect (resultaat)
Signal words
just
recently
yet
since [2011]
Present
Past
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
What it looks like
-ed of 2
I work
ed
you worked
he/she/it worked
we worked
you worked
they worked
When it is used
Iets vond in het verleden plaats en is nu voorbij
Signal words
last night
in [1997]
What it looks like
be past + -ing
I
was
work
ing
you
were
working
he/she/it was working
we were working
you were working
they were working
When it is used
iets was in het verleden aan de gang.

In combinatie met
past simple
om aan te geven dat iets gebeurde dat de handeling onderbrak.
Signal words
when
Past Perfect
What it looks like
have past + -ed of 3
I
had
work
ed
you had worked
he/she/it had worked
we had worked
you had worked
they had worked
When it is used
iets gebeurde in het verleden vóór er iets anders gebeurde (in
past simple
).
Signal words
before
Now
Now
TENSES 1
I like cats
I wake up at 8 o'clock every morning
I am working
It is raining (at the moment)
I have bought a car recently
I have lived here since 1998
I liked cats
I woke up at 8 o'clock this morning
I was working (when Sally rang the doorbell)
Paul had gone home, before Sarah arrived
at the party.
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous in lyrics
Drake - Marvin's Room
"I've been in this club too long"
"I've been drinking so much"
"I've been talking crazy"
The Rasmus - In the shadows
I've been watching
I've been waiting
In the shadows all my time
I've been searching
I've been living
For tomorrows all my life
The Rolling Stones
I've been holding out so long
I've been sleeping all alone
I've been hanging on the phone
I've been sleeping all alone
Charlie Winston - Hello Alone
"we've been making beds for too long"
"we’ve been shaking hands for too long now"
"we’ve been making friends for so long now"
Past Perfect Continuous in lyrics
Chris Brown - Superhuman
"I had been crying and crying for weeks"
?
What it looks like
I
am going to

work
You
are

going
to work
he/she/it
is

going to
work
we are going to work
you are going to work
they are going to work
When it is used
something is going to happen in the future. The activity has been decided upon/planned at the moment of speaking.
Future Simple - will

Sue: "Let's have a party!"
Mike: "That's a great idea!
We will invite
lots of people!"
Future Simple- to be going to

Tom: "Sue told me you're having a party."
Mike: "That's right!
We are going to invite
lots of people"
Elton John - Flintstone Boy
"he had been cheating on him"
"he had been messing around"
Backstreet Boys - What makes you different
"the girl I had been waiting for"
Present Simple
I
study

English
every day
Past Simple
Two years ago, I
studied
English in England
Present Continuous
I am
studying
English now
Past Continuous
I
was studying
English when you called
Present Perfect
I
have studied
English in several different countries
Past Perfect
I
had studied
a little English before I moved to the US
Present Perfect Continuous
I
have been studying
English for five years
Past Perfect Continuous
I
had been studying
English for five years when I moved to the US.
Future Simple - will
If you are having problems, I
will help
you to study English
Future Simple -
to be going to
I
am going to study
English next year
OVERVIEW
Full transcript