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Alcohol

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Ms. Toerper

on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of Alcohol

Alcohol
Health Risks of Alcohol Use
Alcohol and the Law
Effects of Alcohol
The Impact of Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol portrayed by the media:
What do you notice?
What the media doesn't show:
Not the celebrity endorsement they want
Vocabulary
KNOW THE SIGNS
of Alcohol Poisoning
Consumed large amounts of alcohol
Vomiting
Unconscious and cannot be woken
Less than 8 breathes a minute
Feels cool and clammy to the touch
Skin appears pale or bluish in tone
Leave your friend alone or put them to bed to "sleep off"
Let your friend drive or ride a bike
Give your friend food, liquid, or medicine
Walk, run or exercise your friend
Put your friend in a cold shower
Weave within their lane
Wander from one lane to another
Run off the paved part of the road
Stop too quickly or slowly
Drive too fast or too slow
Fail to obey stop signs or other signals
Drive on the wrong side of the road
Recognizing Drivers Under the Influence
One Serving of Alcohol
DO NOT EVER
If someone has alcohol poisoning


Ethanol-
the type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages. *0.6 oz per serving


Fermentation
-
the chemical action of yeast on sugars. Water flavoring and minerals are mixed with ethanol to produce beverages.

Depressant
-
a drug that slows the central nervous system

Intoxication-
state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the persons physical and mental control is significantly reduced.

• A person’s brain doesn’t stop developing until the age 25.

• Drinking during this critical growth period can lead to lifelong damage in brain function, particularly as it relates to memory, motor skills (ability to move) and coordination.

• A young person’s body cannot cope with alcohol the same way an adult’s can.
The Reason Adults Can Drink vs Those Under 21
Legislation providing medical amnesty for minors who seek treatment for alcohol poisoning either for themselves or another individual.


Body size-
a smaller person feels the effect of the same amount of alcohol faster than a larger person does.


Gender-
females feel effects quicker than males


Food-
food in the stomach slows down the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream


Rate of intake-
the amount a person drinks and how fast the liver can break it down

Factors that influence alcohols effects
Medical Amnesty Policy
The Brain
Addiction
Loss of brain functions- verbal skills, visual skills, and memory
Brain damage- reduction of brain size
Cardiovascular System
Heart damage
High blood pressure
Digestive System
Irritation of digestive lining-stomach ulcers, cancer, and esophagus
Fatty Liver- fats build up in the liver and cannot be broken down, leading to cell death.
Alcohol hepatitis- inflammation or infection of liver
Cirrhosis- liver tissue is replaced with useless scar tissue, and can lead to liver failure and death

The Pancreas
Swelling of the pancreas- blocks passageway to small intestine, so the chemicals needed for digestion cannot pass. These chemicals then destroy the pancreas, and cause vomiting and pain. Can lead to death.

Damage to relationships
Family
Friends


Amount-
the more alcohol consumed, the higher the level of alcohol is in the bloodstream

Medicine-
alcohol can interfere with the effects of medicines

Enzymes in the body can change some medications into chemicals that can damage the liver or other organs
Long-Term Effects
Respond to these signs
By doing this
Responding to Alcohol Poisoning
1.
Wake the person up.
Call their name; shake them; pinch their skin. If they don't respond, get help!

2.
Check the person's breathing.
If irregular, or too slow/shallow (less than 8 breaths per minute or more than 10 seconds between breaths), get help!

3.
Turn and keep the person on their side
so if the become sick they will not choke and suffocate on their vomit.

4.
Stay with the person and call 9-1-1
if any one of the above symptoms are present and monitor breathing. Contact emergency services quickly!

Better safe than sorry! When in doubt, call
911
Bieber blew a .04, which is under the legal limit of .08...
but any driver under the age of 21 with a BAC of .02 or higher is an automatic arrest.

Sober
- someone who has not consumed any alcohol.


BAC
- Blood Alcohol Concentration


Drunk
- Legally defined as a BAC of .08 or higher


OWI
- Operating While Intoxicated


DUI
- Driving Under the Influence. This is a more general term across the U.S. for drunk driving, however in MI a DUI is an OWI.

OWVI
- Operating While Visibly Impaired


Super Drunk Law
- High Blood Alcohol Content (BAC of .17 or higher).


Zero-Tolerance
- automatic punishment.
Pre-determined punishment regardless of an individual’s free will, extenuating circumstances, or history.
Vocabulary
National Minimum Drinking Age Act 1984
Why is the drinking age 21 in the US and 18 in other countries
State reasons:
The increase in motor vehicle fatalities
MADD required all states to enforce a minimum legal drinking age of 21 or else risk losing 10% of all federal highway construction funds.
B.A.C.
http://www.charlotteobserver.com/videos?freewheel=90473&sitesection=charlotte_ent_mus_sty_vmpp&VID=25553423
Philosophical reasons:
Young adults do not receive the opportunity to educate themselves and drink responsibly before the age of 21.

Young people learn to make healthy and responsible choices.

Encourage more dangerous drinking that would occur if the drinking age were lowered.
Alcohol use is linked to:

• Deaths from driving, drowning, fire, suicide, and homicide.

• A nondrinker’s risk of being injured increases if they are with those who are drinking too. (i.e.) Let the person drinking, drive, or the intoxicated person has an angry outburst
• fine and one or more of the following:
o Up to days in jail.
o Up to hours of community service.

• Driver's license suspension for days, followed by license restrictions for days.

• Possible vehicle immobilization.

• Possible ignition interlock.

• Six points added to driving record.

• Driver Responsibility Fee:
o for 2 consecutive years for OWI.
o for 2 consecutive years for OWPD.
First Offense Laws in MI
OWI/DUI
o Bail:
o Towing:
o Insurance:
o Legal fees:
o Fines:
o Alcohol Evaluation: for basic treatment
o Alcohol-monitoring leg bracelet- about to install and about per day, or $300 per month.
o License reinstatement fees-
o Ignition Lock- and up.

TOTAL FOR THE AVERAGE OWI/DUI=

MORE fees for an OWI
• One or more of the following:
o Up to days in jail.
o fine.
o Up to hours of community service.

• Driver's license suspension for . Eligible for restrictions after 45 days of suspension if an ignition interlock device is installed on all vehicles the offender owns or intends to operate.

• Possible metal license plate confiscation if the offender operates a vehicle without a properly installed ignition interlock device.

• Mandatory vehicle immobilization if the offense is subsequently convicted for operating a vehicle without a properly installed ignition interlock device.

• added to the offender's driving record.

• Driver Responsibility Fee of for 2 consecutive years.

Super Drunk Law

• Up to a fine, or up to hours of community service, or both.

• Driver's license is restricted for

• are added to the offender's driving record.

• Driver Responsibility Fee of for 2 consecutive years.
Driver's License Penalties for Drivers Under Age 21-
Zero Tolerance
• Michigan has an implied consent law.
That means that if you refuse to submit to a chemical test you will be subject to a fine and automatic license suspension.
What if you refuse to take a breathalyzer?
• It's not good for the résumé.
A DUI lingers on your criminal record for employers to see if they do a background check, harming your future job prospects.
Other Costs of Drinking Under Age
• Life insurance premiums can rise.
With a DUI arrest or conviction, you could see an increase in your life insurance bills, because insurers may ask if your license has ever been suspended.
• Lost time means lost pay.
People who get DUIs report missing a lot of work (and therefore losing a lot of income) dealing with their mistake, as a result of court dates, community service and sometimes a jail sentence.
• Lose the license, maybe lose the job.
For many people who drive to and from work -- not to mention those who drive as part of their work -- losing a license can be devastating
• Professional License for careers may not be attained.
If you want to be a doctor, stockbroker, airline pilot, lawyer, nurse, teacher, etc. a DUI conviction could affect the status of your professional license.
$100 to $500
93
360
30
150
$1,000
$500
$150-$2,500
$100-$1,200
Increased or terminated
$250
$300-$1,200
$150-$2,000
$100
$10
$95-$250
$325
$10,000
180
$200 to $700
360
1 year
This is one of the operating while intoxicated crimes, but it has
harsher consequences.
6 points
$1000
$250
360
30 days
4 points
$500
1 year
Family-
when a teen's parents discourage and avoid the use of alcohol, the teen is more likely to do the same.

Media messages-
makes alcohol use seem glamorous and fun.

Peer pressure-
when alcohol use is an accepted activity in a group, a teen will feel pressure to drink.
Factors that Influence Alcohol Use
Alcohol and Violence
Fights are more likely to break out at parties where alcohol is used.

Could face school or police disciplinary action.

Teens who drink are more likely to be perpetrators of violent crimes
Rape, aggravated assault, and robbery.

1/3 to 2/3 of sexual assaults or date-rape cases involved alcohol
Alcohol and Sexual Activity
Alcohol impairs judgment and lowers inhibitions, and can cause a person to compromise his or her values.

More likely to engage in unprotected sex

Teens who drink are twice as likely to contract an STD
Alcohol and the Family
25% of all youth are unfortunately exposed to alcohol abuse.

Young people who live in a household where a family member abuses alcohol are at a high risk for:
neglect, abuse, or social isolation
economic hardship
personal use of alcohol themselves
mental illness or physical problems

A person who begins drinking alcohol as a teen is 4 times more likely to develop alcohol dependance.
Alcohol and School
Schools are zero-tolerance policy

Ineligible for or be suspended from school activities or graduation, or expelled from school.

Alternative school

College or job may be limited
Avoiding Alcohol
Teens who start drinking by age 15 are five times more likely to become dependent on alcohol than those who waited until age 21.
Maintaining a healthy body.
Avoid brain and body organ damage, and decrease the likelihood of injury in an accident.

Establishing healthy relationships.
Open and honest with your family, and couples reduce the amount of arguments.

Avoiding risky behavior.
Like drinking and driving.

Avoiding illegal activities.
You can avoid arrest and legal problems.

Avoiding violence.
Avoiding alcohol reduces the risk of being a victim of or participating in a violent crime.

Achieve the goals you want.
You can focus on your short-term and long-term goals.
Refusing Alcohol
Saying "no" is much easier when you know how you will respond
before
you are faced with the situation.

Plan alcohol-free activities.

Practice your refusal skills to build confidence.

"I don't like the taste."
"No, I'm good. Thanks though."
"I don't need all those extra calories."
"I'm not going to risk it."
"I don't drink- besides I'm heading home."
Saying "No"
"No, I have to drive, but if you need a ride, text me."
Pouring on the Pounds
Vocabulary
Binge-drinking-
drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting

Psychological dependance-
condition which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally.

Physiological dependance-
a condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome-
a group of alcohol-related birth defects; physical and mental problems

Alcoholic-
an addict who is dependent on alcohol.

Recovery-
process of learning to live an alcohol-free life.

Sobriety-
living without alcohol
Alcohol and Pregnancy
When a pregnant female drinks, alcohol passes directly from her body into the bloodstream of the fetus
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Small head and deformities of face, hands, or feet

Heart, liver, and kidney defects

Vision and hearing problems

Central nervous system problems, developmental disabilities, and poor coordination.

Difficulties learning and short attention span

Hyperactivity, anxiety, and social withdrawal.
Alcoholism
Craving.
Feeling a strong need for alcohol to manage tension or stress, and a preoccupation with alcohol.

Loss of Control.
Inability to limit alcohol consumption.

Physical Dependence.
Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety.

Tolerance.
A need to drink increasingly more alcohol in order to feel its effects.
Bell Ringer
What are the signs of alcohol poisoning?

How do you help someone with alcohol poisoning?
Alcoholics
Some are aggressive and violent, while others may become withdrawn.

NOT limited to any age, race, ethnic or socioeconomic group
How do people become alcoholics?
Genetics- 4 times more likely to be an alcoholic if alcoholism ruins in your family.

Environmental factors: family, friends, culture, peer pressure, availability, and stress.

Age at which someone starts drinking.
Stages of Alcoholism
Stage 1--Abuse.
Starts with social drinking. Develop physical and psychological dependence and experience blackouts, begin to lie or make excuses to justify his/her drinking.
Stage 2- Dependence.
Person cannot stop drinking and is physically dependent on alcohol. Tries to hide the problem, but performance at work, school, and home suffers.
Stage 3- Addiction.
Liver may be already damaged, so less alcohol may be required to cause drunkenness. If the person stopped drinking they would experience withdrawal symptoms.
Brain damage
Step 1- Admission
Admits to a problem and seeks help.
Step 2- Detoxification
Body adjusts to functioning without alcohol.
Step 3- Counseling
Learns to change behaviors and live without alcohol
Step 4- Recovery
The person takes responsibility for his/her own life.
Scarring of the Liver
Steps to Recovery
Utterly Addicted to Alcohol Movie
There is 0.5 oz of ethanol in each serving
Just an FYI!
Minor in Possession (MIP)
A conviction for violating Michigan’s minor in possession law is a .

For a first conviction, the sentencing judge may choose any or all of the following:

a fine not to exceed , as decided by the sentencing judge
an order to participate in
a substance abuse prevention program
an order to perform
community service
, and
an order to undergo
substance abuse screening/assessment
at the defendant’s own expense.
misdemeanor
$100
Fact of the Day:
Full transcript