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CELI - LESSON 06

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Valérie Barbe

on 13 April 2016

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Transcript of CELI - LESSON 06

Simple Present Tense Form
I
read
books.
You
read
books.
He / she/ it
read
s
books.
We
read
books.
You
read
books.
They
read
books.

Negative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense
I
do

not

clean
the room. = I
do
n't

clean
the room.
You
do

not

clean
the room. = You
do
n't

clean
the room.
He / She/ It
do
es

not

clean
the room. = He / She/It
do
es
n't

clean
the room.
We
do

not
clean the room. = We
do
n't

clean
the room.
You
do

not

clean
the room. = We
do
n't

clean
the room.
They
do

not

clean
the room. = They
do
n't

clean
the room.
Interrogative Sentences in the Simple Present Tense
You need the auxiliary
do
/
do
es
and the
infinitive
of the verb.
Spelling of verbs in the Simple Present
Be careful with some words when using the 3rd person singular.

1. verbs ending in s, ss, z, ch, sh, or verbs ending in -o preceded by a consonant

We add -es to the infinitive.

I watch - → he watches
I pass - → he passes
I go - → he goes
I do - → he does

2. verbs ending in -y

Mind the letter that stands before
-y.

- Vowel before -y: Add -s.
I play → - he plays

- Consonant before -y: Change -y to -i. Then add -es.

I hurry - → he hurries

Use of Simple Present

1). Simple Present

2). Simple Past

3). Simple Future


CELI - LESSON 06 -
GRAMMATICAL TENSES - SIMPLE TENSES-

SIMPLE TENSES
1). Repeated actions
- My friend often draws nice posters.

2). General truth
- The sun rises in the east.

3). fixed arrangements, scheduled events
- The plane flies to London every Monday.

4). sequence of actions in the present
- First I get up, then I have breakfast.

Some common signal words:
every day
often
always
sometimes
never
once a month

Source adapted from: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/sim_pres.htm

Affirmative Sentences in the Simple Present.
Always use the auxiliary
do

for
negations
and the
infinitive
of the verb.
Do
I
play
football?
Do
you
play
football?
Do
es
he /she/it
play
football?
Do
we
play
football?
Do
you
play
football?
Do
they
play
football?
Let's practice !
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/complex_tests/simple_present1/index.php

http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/complex_tests/simple_present2/index.php
We use the
infinitive
of the verb. In the 3rd person singular (he, she, it - or a name) we put an
-s
or
- es
to the end of the
infinitive
.

Subject +
infinitive →
- 3rd person singular (he, she, it) infinitive +
-s
or
-es.
Main use of Simple Past
1). action finished in the past
- I visited Berlin last week.

2).
series of completed actions in the past

- First I got up, then I had breakfast.


Some common signal words:
yesterday
last week
a month ago
in 2010


Source adapted from: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/grammar/sim_past.htm
Simple Past Tense Form
Regular verbs
Affirmative Sentences in the Simple Past.
- Regular verbs : →
infinitive
+
ed
/ or
-d

I
clean
ed
my room.
You
clean
ed
your room.
He / She/ It
clean
ed
his room.
We
clean
ed
our room.
You
clean
ed
your room.
They
clean
ed
their room.
Simple Past Tense Form
Irregular verbs
Example
: go- went
I went home.
You went home.
He /She/It went home.
We went home.
You went home.
They went home.
Negative Sentences in the Simple Past
Always use the auxiliary
did

for
negations
and the
infinitive
of the verb.
There is no difference between regular and irregular verbs in negative sentences.

I
did
not

clean
the room = I
did
n't
clean the room.
You
did
not

clean
the room = You
did
n't
clean the room.
He/She/It
did

not

clean
the room. =He/She/It
did
n't

clean
the room.
Interrogative Sentences in the Simple Past
You need the auxiliary
did
and the
infinitive
of the verb.
Did
I
play
football?
Did
you
play
football?
Did
he /she/it
play
football?
Did
we
play
football?
Did
you
play
football?
Did
they
play
football?

Let's practice!
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/complex_tests/simple_past1/index.php

Learn More:
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises_list/verbs.htm
Use of Simple Future.
1). Future actions happen without the speaker's intention

The sun will shine tomorrow.

2). Predictions, assumptions

I think Sue will arrive in Paris at 6 pm.

3). Spontaneous actions

Hang on! I'll have a word with you.

Simple Future Form

AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES

will
+
infinitive


I
will

win
the match. = I
'll

win
the match.
You
will

win
the match. You
'll

win
the match.
He/she /it
will

win
the match. He/she/it
'll

win
the match.
(...)
Negative Sentences
I
will
not
win
the match = I
'll

not

win
the match.=I
w
o
n't

win
the match.
You
will
not

win
the match.=You
'll
not

win
the match.=You
w
o
n't

win
the match.
He
will

not
win
the match.= He'
ll

not
win
the match.=He
w
o
n't
win
the match.
(...)
Interrogative Sentences in the future.
Will
I
win
the match? not possible
Will
you
win
the match?
Will
he
win
the match?
(...)
Let's practice
https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/future-1-will/exercises
Full transcript