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Transcript of High Mountains
"The Tundra Biome." The Tundra Biome. University of California Museum of Paleontology, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/biomes/tundra.php>.
"Ptarmigan." Ptarmigan. Canisius Ambassadors for Conservation, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.conservenature.org/learn_about_wildlife/rocky_mountains/ptarmigan.htm>.
"Vicuna (mammal)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/627854/vicuna>.
"The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species." The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Species Survival Commission, 2012. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.iucnredlist.org/>.
"Alpine Tundra Biome." Alpine Tundra Biome. The Wild Classroom & Explore Biodiversity, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/alpinetundra.html>. Elk "Cat Facts." Snow Leopard. Snow Leopard Trust, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.snowleopard.org/learn/cat-facts>.
"Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation Elk Facts." Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation Elk Facts. Hunting Conservation, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://www.rmef.org/ElkFacts>.
Lee, Noel. "Elk Facts." Elk Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2012. <http://elk-bugle.com/wg-elkfacts.html>. Acclimations-
Anatomical- Fur in fall and winter
Behavioral- curling tail when sleeping
Physiological- specialized sinus passages
Large paws, round, short ears, and jumping (15m) Temperature Range: -2 to 50 degrees Fahrenheit(-18 to 10 Celsius) Moisture: high precipitation 23cm.(9 in.) Latitude: Latitude varies with this biome.
Elevation: 10,000 ft. or higher.
Other: extreme cold, harsh winds, lower level of oxygen Acclimations-
Anatomical- fur coats
Physiological- Progesterone and Predation
Adaptations- 4 chamber stomach, sensitive hearing Mutualism: Lichen Commensalism: Caribou and Arctic Fox Parasitism: Bighorn Sheep and Snail Herbivory: Chinchilla and Cactus -Chinchillas eat cactus plants
-Key to their hydration
-They don't drink water, but get hydrated by consuming morning dew, and the flesh and fruit of cacti. -relationship between fungus and alga
-fungus provides water, mineral nutrients, and protection from overexposure to the sun
-alga provides food through photosynthesis Global Climate Change Plants Kea Parrots Bighorn Sheep Snow Leopard Yak Chinchilla Vicuna Pika Mountain Goat Lynx Yellow Bellied Marmot Snowshoe hare Elk Alpaca Llama Bugs White-tailed Ptarmigans Warming up with no where to go
UV radiation increasing
Efforts to reduce global warming Andean Condor -Snails become infected by a worm
-Snails live in the lungs of a bighorn sheep
-Only affects sheep living in an area with limestone Food Web Alpine Phacelia, Bear grass, Pygmy Bitteroot etc. Grasshoppers Butterflies Beetles Springtails Acclimations
Anatomical- dieback protection
Behavioral- grow far apart
Physiological- needle reservoir
long lasting needles, resinous wood Miller, Leonard. "Ancient Bristlecone Pine." Ancient Bristlecone Pine. University of Arizona, 1 Mar. 2005. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://www.sonic.net/bristlecone/>.
"Commensalism in the Alpine Tundra - Alpine Tundra." Alpine Tundra. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://alpinetundrabiome.weebly.com/commensalism-in-the-alpine-tundra.html>.
"KDE Santa Barbara." KDE Santa Barbara. Kids Do Ecology, 2004. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://kids.nceas.ucsb.edu/biomes/alpine.html>.
"Mountain Animals." Mountain Professor. N.p., 2010. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://www.mountainprofessor.com/mountain-animals.html>.
"Mountain Ecosystems in Danger Worldwide, UN Says." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 01 Feb. 2002. Web. 26 Sept. 2012. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/02/0201_020201_wiremountain.html>.
Penn, Sharon. "Habitat of the Short-Tailed Chinchilla." EHow. Demand Media, 07 July 2011. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. <http://www.ehow.com/info_8702783_habitat-shorttailed-chinchilla.html>.
"World Climates." World Climates. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/climate.htm>.
"Lichen," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2004
http://encarta.msn.com 1997-2004 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved. Human Habitat Destruction -tourism causing erosion, pollution, and threats to species
- causes more land slides and avalanches
Things Being Done
-part of Swiss Alps became World Heritage Site
-Alpine Convention signed
-2002 International Year of the Mountains -caribou digs for lichen in the snow with extreme weather
-fox follows caribou
-digs into snow to find mammals brought closer to the surface Agaricus Agaricales