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The Challenge of Youth Employment

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ILO Youth Employment

on 21 October 2014

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Transcript of The Challenge of Youth Employment

The Work of the ILO Youth Employment Programme
In headquarters
In field offices

The youth employment crisis: a global picture
July 1st 2014
The Challenge of Youth Employment
Marie-France Boucher
Youth Employment Expert
The job crisis disproportionately affects youth
For 10 unemployed people, 4 are young people
However,
youth unemployment is only the tip of the iceberg
Working poor
4 out of 10 young workers are young working poor
Low paid workers
For 10 workers in low-wage -> more than 5 are young people
Temporary jobs
In Europe, 4 out of 10 young workers are working temporary jobs
NEETs
For 6 young people, 1 is "neither in education nor in employment or training"
OECD countries
In advanced economies
1/3 or more of young job seekers are unemployed
for at least 6 months.
Young people with higher levels of education are increasingly taking up jobs for which they are overqualified.
In developing countries
9 out of 10 of our world’s youth live in developing countries
The concept of unemployment becomes "meaningless":
few have regular employment + no unemployment benefits:
many youth "get by" through part-time jobs,
underemployment, self-employment
8 out of 10 young workers are in informal employment.
Youth unemployment rate in 2013: 13.1%
Highest level in 20 years
Youth and Labour migration
The median age for labour migration is 23 years old
The Work4Youth (W4Y) Project is a five-year partnership between the ILO and The MasterCard Foundation which aims to promote decent work opportunities for young men and women. The W4Y project gathers knowledge on the challenges young people face in their labour market transitions at national, regional and global levels, and identifies and disseminates good practices for policies and programmes.
The initiative on Good practices on youth employment was launched in March 2013 and sought to identify, exchange and disseminate throughout the world, best practices that have proven effective in promoting decent work for and youth. By increasing the visibility of successful youth employment programmes, technical assistance tools can be developed and established at national or regional level in order to strengthen and improve the impact of youth employment programmes.
http://youthpractices.org/
The Decent Work for Youth platform (DW4Y) is an online meeting point to discuss youth employment issues. The platform gathers young people from diverse backgrounds and aims to strengthen knowledge on decent work issues, as well as support young advocates. The users can connect and engage with online debates moderated by young people working on youth employment; share their experiences and ideas of good employment practice; and learn more about Decent Work by asking questions directly to ILO experts.
http://decentwork4youth.org/
The Youth Employment Inventory is a global repository that provides comparative information on youth employment interventions worldwide. It documents programme design, implementation, and achieved results. The programs included range from interventions for improving the labor market information base to programs that aim at increasing the demand for youth labor and those focusing on improving chances for young entrepreneurs http://www.youth-employment-inventory.org/
The ILO raises awareness among young people on international labour standards and rights at work, employability and youth entrepreneurship, including through the establishment of networks for decent work for youth, use of social media and other outreach modalities. It should also monitor and report on rights for young workers globally.
Selected tools
Surfing the labour market: Job search skills for young people
Biz-up: Self-employment skills for young people
Rights at Work
Training modules on Decent Work for Youth
The Youth Employment Programme develops specific tools in order to tackle the youth employment crisis
Questions ?
For more information visit
www.ilo.org/yep

Gianni Rosas
rosas@ilo.org
youth@ilo.org
The three pillars of work of the ILO
The Peruvian action plan for youth employment
In order to respond to the youth employment challenge, the government of Peru adopted a national employment policy (2010–2014) that assigns priority to youth employment. Such priority has been operationalized through the implementation of a
youth employment action plan
that revolves around employment creation, employability and entrepreneurship. A national tripartite committee, which includes young representatives of employers’ and workers’ organizations, oversees the implementation of the priorities of the plan.
Project on youth employment in Kosovo
Through the project around 135,000 youth received counselling and guidance services, 12,317 unemployed individuals were trained in 27 priority occupations and 2,000 unemployed persons underwent self-employment and entrepreneurship training with follow-up assistance leading to a business plan. The same project supported the development of a youth employment policy and action plan.
Youth employment programme in Timor Leste
The YEP Programme was designed to assist the Secretary of State for Vocational Training and Employment in the preparation and implementation of tools and programmes in the areas of training, entrepreneurship development and labour-intensive works to facilitate the productive access of young women and men to the labour market. It generated 1,046,014 work days for 35,533 people in rural areas; 70 per cent of participants in the employment-intensive projects improved literacy and numeracy skills.
Country Reviews of policies for youth employment
The ILO conducts
thematic reviews
of the youth labour market, policies and institutions for youth employment in diverse countries. The ILO collect information during
youth employment consultations and fact-finding missions.
Information is gathered through discussions with government officials, the social partners and representatives of young people, as well as through the review of available data. This cooperation focuses on the development of a plan to steer country action on youth employment promotion through structural measures and the introduction of an activation strategy in the form of a youth guarantee. It also assesses existing policies and programmes for youth employment and suggests a number of short- and medium- term measures that the governments may consider in its endeavours to tackle the unprecedented youth employment crisis.
The YouthPOL database collects information on existing governmental policy measures affecting youth employment, and makes it available to users such as decision-makers, researchers, youth employment experts and the general public. The database contains information on policy measures targeting youth, as well as those with an indirect impact on the employment of young people. This represents an important knowledge base for policy-makers seeking to promote decent work for youth.
Winners of the
Call for Good Practices for youth employment
Fundacion Paraguaya: Self-sufficient school programme in Paraguay
Action on Disability and Development: From Margin to Mainstream in Bangladesh
2GET There in the Netherlands
Lebanon's First Woman Electrician
Promoting green entrepreneurship in East Africa
The Youth Entrepreneurship Facility (YEF) is a partnership between the Africa Commission, the Youth Employment Network and the ILO. Through training and business plan competition, it promotes green entrepreneurship among young women and men in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
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