**MOTION**

**EQ: How can you determine if an object is in motion?**

**SWBAT:**

Gain an introductory understanding of motion and forces.

**Standards: 7.P.1.1**

7.P.1.3 7.P.1.4

7.P.1.3 7.P.1.4

Your Task:

(students will be able to...)

Your Task:

Write down 20 facts during the video, "Physics of Motion"

http://app.discoveryeducation.com/player/view/assetGuid/BF066729-9C83-4251-9CF3-446B288691DA

Bellwork

Have your vocab out to be checked!

Using your vocab terms, fill in the BINGO card provided. You will want to mix them up in different combinations. Everyone SHOULD NOT have them in the same order.

motion | reference point | international system of units | meter | speed | average speed | instantaneous speed | velocity | slope | distance | acceleration

Bellwork

Review: In your notebooks, complete the following Punnett square and list ALL possible genotypes and phenotypes for the offspring.

C = curly hair c = straight hair

C

c

c

c

Read

pages 598 to 605

and answer the 12 questions below using a foldable OR Cornell note style.

What is motion?

How do you know if something is moving?

Are you moving all the time?

What are SI units?

How do we calculate speed? (include ex. problem)

What are the two types of speed?

What is the difference between speed + velocity?

How do you graph motion?

How do you calculate slope?

What is acceleration?

What are the 3 things associated with acceleration?

How do you calculate acceleration?

SWBAT:

Discuss + comprehend distance, rate, time, + acceleration

What is motion?

An object's distance from another object is changing.

How do you know if something is moving?

You must have a

reference point

.

An object is in motion if it changes position relative to a reference point.

Ex. If you are on a train you use a stationary object (tree). If you are moving relative to the tree, you are in motion.

Are you moving all the time?

While you are sitting at your desk...

Relative to the sun, you are moving.

Relative to earth, you don't seem to move.

What are SI units?

Units of measurement used all over the world.

International System of Units

Based on multiples of 10

How do we calculate speed?

You need the distance an object travels in a certain amount of time.

speed = distance (m or km)

time (hr or s)

Ex. What is the speed of an asteroid that travels 4,500 km in 60 seconds (s)?

speed = 4,500 km = 75 km/s

60 s

What are the two types of speed?

average

- divide total distance by total time

instantaneous

- object's speed at that moment

ex. speedometer

What is the difference between speed and velocity?

Speed and velocity are the same except

velocity has direction

.

Ex. velocity of a storm: 25 km/hr east

Important for pilots and air traffic controllers

How do you graph motion?

You can show motion of an object on a line graph in which you

plot distance vs. time

.

Time is the x-axis and distance is the y-axis

Slope tells you how fast one variable changes in relation to the other variable in the graph

distance (y)

time (x)

How do you calculate slope?

slope = rise (vertical distance)

run (horizontal distance)

This is between 2 points on the graph

Moving objects don't travel at a constant speed all of the time so you may have different slopes on the graph

What is acceleration?

Acceleration is the

rate at which velocity changes

.

What are the 3 things associated with acceleration?

1) Increasing speed

When an object's speed increases, the acceleration also increases.

Ex. baseball pitcher throwing a ball

2) Decreasing Speed

When an object's speed decreases, acceleration also decreases.

AKA deceleration or negative acceleration

Ex. car decelerates as it slows to stop

3) Changing Direction

An object can be traveling at a constant speed and still be accelerating.

Ex. runners accelerate as they round the curve in a track

How do you calculate acceleration?

acceleration = final speed - initial speed

time

units are in m/s or km/hr

2

2

Example problem

A badminton birdie leaves the racquet traveling 30 m/s. It goes over the net 0.5 seconds later with a speed of 10 m/s. Calculate its average acceleration.

acceleration = 10 m/s - 30 m/s = -20 m/s = -40 m/s

0.5 s 0.5 s

Bellwork

Review: On the next blank page in your notebook (leave space for notes if you did not finish), number 1 through 4 and answer the following...

1) What bone that we learned about rhymes with "nutella"?

2) What is its common name?

3) What type of joint is this bone associated with?

4) Name another place in your body with this type of joint.

SWBAT:

Discuss + comprehend distance, rate, time, acceleration, + motion graphing

UPDATE YOUR AGENDA!!!

https://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/distancerateandtime/

https://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/acceleration/

2

SWBAT

Illustrate knowledge of motion vocabulary

Discuss + understand motion graphs w/ practice

BELLWORK

Update your agenda and take out your homework.

Make sure that ALL pages you have are glued into your notebook and update your TOC if you haven't already.

Be prepared to go over the Key Terms WS followed by review for your vocab quiz.

ANSWER the FOLLOWING ON PAGE (SEE BOARD) OF YOUR NOTEBOOK:

Review: Explain the difference between voluntary and involuntary muscle and give an example for each.

http://www.teachergaming.net/g/8052/1/392

QUIZ

Talking =

When you finish, place your quiz in the INBOX and then work on something quietly/read.

SWBAT

Discuss + interpret motion graphs

Demonstrate understanding of Motion and intro to Work + Machines via Mouse Trap Car project

BELLWORK

Update your agenda!

Glue in the Speed WS; the lowest grade was 90. You needed to show all work for a 100.

Be prepared to go over the Motion Graphs WS

BellWork: No weather or question today. Update agenda + TOC. Set up your next blank page (p. 17) for today's lab as shown below. Then, begin reading pg. 70 + complete #1 + 2 of "Getting Started" on pg. 72

Motion of Energy Lab: Rolling Along

Name

Date

Block

Getting Started

2) A + B; Show ALL work!!!

Procedure

2) A, B, + C

4) Data; you must graph it!

5) Conclusion

BellWork

Have your homework out + ready to be checked!

Don't forget...Project Due 12/9

On the half sheet provided write your name, date, + bell + give a brief description of your Thanksgiving plans, what you are thankful for, + your favorite Thanksgiving dish :-)

Vocab Quiz

TALKING = 0

Desks should be clear

Place quiz face down in block tray when finished

Most Popular Thanksgiving Dish???

Pumpkin Pie

Apple Pie

Turkey

Ham

Green Bean

Casserole

Rolls

Cranberry

Sauce

Sweet Potato

Casserole

Stuffing

Gravy

Mac'n'cheese

Complete the rest of the Worsheet(s)

Mythbusters Clip

https://app.discoveryeducation.com/learn/videos/5F63BABC-40D9-40DD-B9C9-D26B627C5B3E?hasLocalHost=false

BellWork

Take out your magnetism + "Rolling Along" labs; make sure your name is on them + that they are ready to turn in (pgs. 16 + 18 of TOC)

Copy today's EQ onto you bellwork page (pg. 1 of TOC)

https://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/magnetism/

https://www.brainpop.com/math/algebra/distancerateandtime/

Reading Selections

Coasting to Pluto p. 77

Paragraph summary + discussion questions

Physics on Ice p. 81

Paragraph summary + discussion questions

SWBAT

Review magnetism + discuss motion graphing

SWBAT

Expand knowledge of motion + calculating speed

to do

Clear your desk except for a pencil

You will work in your groups to complete Inquiry 9.2 on pgs. 100 to 101

Complete Motion Review + Reinforce and Enrich

You will have about 22 minutes w/ the cars so work efficiently!

#3: Determine who will be the best timer (get the most accurate results)

#7 to 9; don't forget to graph!

Reading selections

Twists, Turns + Loops p. 140 to 141 (paragraph + questions)

Isaac Newton Goes Skiing p. 142 to 145 (paragraph and questions)

roller coaster build

You will be called by group to work on building the coaster

We will talk about the coaster Monday

Study guide simple machines

p. 716 in the green book; answer 1 through 9 before you leave today