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World War 1 Project
Transcript of World War 1 Project
By: Cora Miller and Kate Bossong
5 Causes of WWI
Mutual defense alliances- Many alliances and agreements were made between countries over time, so if one country was attacked, many other countries would be pulled into the battle.
Imperialism-The competition and desire for greater empires led to confrontation and pushed the world into war.
Militarism-In the 20th century an arms race began and many countries increased their military buildup, pushing the involved countries into war.
Nationalism-The Slavic people in Bosnia and Herzegovina wanted to be a part of Serbia instead of Austria Hungary, causing nationalism to lead them into war.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand-In 1914 a Serbian nationalist assassinated Ferdinand, leading Austria Hungary to declare war on Serbia . A little later, Germany declared war on Russia and the war continued to expand across the globe.
The Battle of Marne- When: September 1914. Who: Germany vs. France. Why: This battle featured the first use of radio intercepts and automotive transports of war. The Anglo-French won this battle and were able to take control of German overextension to snatch the "strategic initiative from the attackers."
The Western Front- Who: German vs. Britain and France. Where: Belgium in the North to Switzerland in the South.
The Eastern Front- Who: Russia and Germany vs. Austria and Hungary. Where: from Riga, Latvia in the North to Czernowitz, Ukraine in the South.
The Italian Campaign- Who: Italy vs. Austria. Where: The border between Italy and Austria .
Theatres of the War
The Battle of Marne- The second battle of Marne proved disastrous turning into an allied win in which Germany could not recover from.
Sinking of the Lusitania- The sinking of the Lusitania played a huge role in turning people's opinions against Germany.
Zimmerman Note- The Zimmerman telegram helped pull the United States into the war, changing the course of history.
Military and Civilian Costs
United States: $22,625,253,000
Great Britain: $35,334,012,000
Treaty of Versailles
The treaty was a peace settlement after WW1 that was signed between Germany and the allies. It stated that land would be taken away from Germany, their military would be reduced, and Germany had to take full responsibility for all of the damage along with admitting that they had started the war.
Along with the treaty, a League of Nations was set up to maintain peace.
Political Borders and how they Changed...
Effect of Russian Revolution and American entry to WWI
Wilson's 14 Point Plan and U.S. Rejection
During the time of World War I, Russia underwent a revolution. Their government changed leadership, and the new leaders decided they did not want to participate in the war. Russia then signed a treaty with Germany to end any conflicts between the two countries. By the time Russia pulled out of the war, America had joined the sides of Britain and France. When Russia pulled out of the war, it helped to end the war since there was significant decline in numbers of soldiers.
The 14 Point Plan was made by President Woodrow Wilson of America to secure peace and safety after the war. However, the allies of Europe rejected all of Wilson's points, except for the last one which suggested they make a League of Nations. They followed through with the league of nations, but America did not join this group.
New Zealand: $378,750,000
South Africa: $300,000,000
British Colonies: $125,000,000
8 million men were killed in battle.
2 million died of illness and disease.
21.2 million were wounded.
7.8 million were taken prisoner or went missing in action.
The Battles of Ypres- When: October 1914. Who: France, Britain, and Belgium vs. Germany. Why: The Germans were trying to gain control of the English Channel. The Allies won this battle and kept control of the Channel. Also, this win started trench warfare on the Western Front.
The Battle of Verdun- When: February 21, 1916 through December 16, 1916. Who: Germany vs. France. Why: France won this battle and regained control of the forts and territory they had lost earlier.
Poland was reconstituted in the East and Lithuania and Estonia were established.
The Austro-Hungarian empire was split up into many different states.
The Baltic republics of Latvia were established as well.