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Traditional Chinese Medicine

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Wesley Tay

on 25 April 2017

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Transcript of Traditional Chinese Medicine

CHD patients often use TCM in conjunction with WM
TCM in a nutshell
- 2002
- Aim: for all nationals to deepen studies on the management, application, treatment, effects and safety of alternative medicine.
- Inclusion of alternative medicine in the formal medical system in a safe and effective manner.
- TCM - classified as alternative medicine.

The First Global Strategy on Traditional and Alternative Medicine
Practicality of Traditional Chinese Medicine in Dietetic Practice
copy and paste as needed and take advantage of an infinite canvas!
Focus on Holistic Care
- Understanding normal function of the body and disease processes
- Focuses on both prevention of the illness and treatment of symptoms.
- Has been used in conjunction with western medicine for many years.
Recent Funding and Increasing Research Base
- NICM funding (AUS)
- NIH funding (US)
- Support in many Asian hospitals
- Emerging research for TCM and western medicine to be used in conjunction to prevent illness and improve treatment outcome.
Accreditation of TCM in Australia
Australian Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine Association LTD. (AACMA)
Why TCM?
Exploring TCM
Research Behind Hot & Cold Foods
TCM and Relevance to Dietetics
Limitations of Research
World Health Organization
Selenium was found to be in greater quantities in 'Hot' foods
- Established by AACMA in 2003
- Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners in Australia must be accredited by the Australian Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioner Accreditation Board.
World Health Organization. WHO launches the first global strategy on traditional and alternative medicine. [Internet] Switzerland: World Health Organization.; 2002 May 16 [cited 2013 Oct 9] Available: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/release38/en/
Types of TCM
- Acupuncture
- Herbal Medicine
- Moxibustion (Heat therapy)
- Exercise and Taichi
- Massages
Chinese herbal medicine
- Nutrition often used in TCM as a form of medicine
- Food classified as "Hot" or "Cold" depending on their interactions with the body
- Cold foods tend to reduce metabolic tension
- Hot foods improve circulation
Yin-Yang balance theory
- Balance of hot and cold foods important in management of health
- Diseases are a result of an imbalance in the body
E.g. - Certain diseases, such as influenza, are termed as cold and are to be treated with hot foods
- No cold foods when one is pregnant
TCM is related to many different illnesses and diseaes
Carbohydrate content
Carbohydrate contents found to be directly proportional with 'hotness' of food
Cu, Fe, Mg Ratio and its relationship with hot/cold nature of foods (in particular fruit)
Conclusion on Hot & Cold foods
Review of evidence:
- Given that hot & cold categories group so many foods together, there must be other nutrient interactions that lead to their bio-thermal properties.
- Not sufficient research at the moment to understand the full mechanism of this part of TCM
Cancer (e.g. prostate and breast cancer)
Type 2 Diabetes
Coronary Heart Disease
However, research is limited
TCM & its Relationship with CHD
TCM and Type 2 Diabetes
- Positive results seen in patients with increased glucose tolerance (IGT) prior to degeneration into diabetes diagnosis

- Positive results seen in patients currently suffering from T2DM
Xue CCL, Zhang AL, Greenwood KM, Lin V, Story DF. Traditional Chinese Medicine: An update on clinical evidence. J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Mar;16(3):301-12
- Over 2000 years old
- Good health relies on the restoration and maintenance of harmony, balance and order of the body.
- Balance can be disrupted by stress, overwork, poor diet, disease pathogens, weather and environmental conditions.
- Focuses on the underlying condition as well as treatment of symptoms.
AACMA. Traditional Chinese medicine. [Internet] Australia. AACMA. 2013; [cited 2013 Oct 9] Available: http://www.acupuncture.org.au/Health_Services/Traditional_Chinese_Medicine.aspx
Xue CCL, Zhang AL, Greenwood KM, Lin V, Story DF. Traditional Chinese Medicine: An update on clinical evidence. J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Mar;16(3):301-12
Intake of certain Chinese herbal medicines have protective factors against CVD
What are Hot Foods?
- Have a tendency to warm the body and create tension
- Used to treat excess coldness in the body
- ginger, parsnip, carrots, cabbage
What are Cold Foods?
- Have a tendency to cool body heat and reduce tension
- Used to treat excess heat
- tea, lettuce, cucumber, raw foods, watermelon
Neutral foods are in hot/cold balance, include our staple foods: brown rice, wheat, beans, nuts
Some resources are in foreign languages
Further research is required to further validate the effectiveness of TCM in health care.
Interactions between herbs not well researched
Limitations of study designs
Research based in Chinese population
Full transcript