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16.3 Providing First aid for Bleeding and Wounds
Transcript of 16.3 Providing First aid for Bleeding and Wounds
Bleeding and Wounds
When providing first aid for wounds your main goals are to control bleeding before it leads to death and prevent treatment for infection
TYPES OF WOUNDS
caused by scraping off the skin
caused by a sharp pointed object,
the wound is deeper than it is wide
caused by a sharp object such as a knife
when a body structure is torn
or detached from the body
deep cut or tear in the skin
body part is cut off
for Controlling Bleeding
Bleeding and Infections
to prevent infection, wear gloves or plastic wrap and wash hands before and after gloves. Use a disinfectant to clean up blood and spills.
signs of infection: swelling, pain, heat, redness, pus, and fever.
Main Pressure Points
ARM :brachial artery
(halfway between the armpit and the elbow)
LEG: femoral artery
(front middle point of the upper leg)
If an object is embedded deep in the tissue,
go to a physician to get it surgically removed.
Symptoms of a closed wound
drop in blood pressure
Treatment for a closed wound
check for shock
avoid unnecessary movement
avoid giving fluids or any food to victims
Another condition to be prepared to treat while caring for wounds is shock.
Shock is a medical emergency where the organs and tissues of the body aren’t receiving an adequate flow of blood. This deprives the organs and tissues of oxygen and it can result in serious damage, or even death.
Treating shock includes:
keeping the patient warm, with legs raised and head down to improve blood flow to the brain
putting a needle in a vein in order to give fluids or blood transfusions
giving the patient extra oxygen to breathe and medications to improve the heart's functioning
treating the underlying condition which led to shock.
Spurts from wound, and is bright red.
Slower than arterial blood, constant, and dark red
Oozes from wound slowly, and is less red than arterial blood.
Types of Bleeding
"Predicting early death in patients with traumatic bleeding: development and validation of prognostic model | BMJ." Home | BMJ. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Sept. 2013.
Simmers, Louise, Karen Nartker, and Sharon Kobelak. "16:3 Providing First Aid for Bleeding and Wounds." Diversified health occupations. 7th ed. Australia: Delmar Cengage Learning, 2009. 473-479. Print.
Severe bleeding accounts for about one third of in-hospital deaths due to trauma and is an important contributory factor for other causes of death.
Failure to start appropriate early management in bleeding trauma patients is a leading cause of preventable death from trauma.
DID YOU KNOW THAT