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Chimney Sponge

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Mitchell Starke

on 9 October 2015

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Transcript of Chimney Sponge

Chimney Sponge
Kingdom- Animaia
Binomial Nomenclature: Halichondria panicea
Feeding: Filter Feeders
Respiration: Water Pump
Circulation: Water Pump
Excretion: Water Pump
Response: No Nervous System
Movement: Sessile
Reproduction: Hermaphrodites, Asexual
Defining Characteristics
Belongs to the Phylum Porifera because:
Has Choanocytes, Osculum, and Spicules
Adult Life is completely Sessile
Belongs to the Class Demospongiae because:
Sponge is Leuconold, Has a folded Choanoderm
Continous Pinacoderm
Occurs on Reefs
Mostly found hanging on walls or rocks
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Habitat for some animals
Produces harmful nitrogen
Box Jellyfish
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Cubozoa
Order: Chirodropida
Family: Chirodropidae
Genus: Chironex
Species: fleckeri

Binomial Nomenclature:
Chironex fleckeri
Feeding: Carnivorous
Respiration: Diffusion
Circulation: Diffusion
Excretion: Diffusion
Response: Nerve Net
Movement: Hydrostatic Skeleton
Reproduction: External Fertilization, Budding
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the Cnidarian Phylum because:
Has nematocyst, cnidocytes
It belongs to the Cubozoa class because:
Square shape when viewed from above
Well developed eyes
Tropical oceans around Northern Austrailia
Stay around River Mouths, estuaries and creeks
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Food source for green turtle
Very dangerous due to stinging cells and poisonous venom
Tape Worms
Kindom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Cestoda
Order: Cyclophyllidea
Family: Taeniidae
Genus: Taenia
Species: solium
Binomial Nomenclature: Taenia solium
Feeding: Parasitic
Respiration: Diffusion
Circulation: Diffusion
Excretion: Diffusion
Response: Ganglia, Eyespots
Movement: Cilia and Muscles
Reproduction: Hermaphrodites
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the Platyhelminthes Phylum because:
Flat Bodied, Acoelomate, Bilateral Symmetry
Belongs to the Cestoda Class because:
Segments for reproduction, completely parasitic
Entire adult life spent inside vertebrae intestine or body cavity, Larvae spend most time in types of tissue until adulthood.
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Controls animal population and keeps some from overpopulation
Cons: Parasitic, steal nutrients from host, use host as protection and home
Giant Roundworm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Secernentea
Order: Ascaridida
Family: Ascarididae
Genus: Ascaris
Species: lumbricoides

Binomial Nomenclature: Ascaris lumbricoides
Feeding: Parasite
Movement:Hydrostatic Skeleton
Reproduction: Sexually, Male and Female, Internal Fertilization
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the phylum Nematoda because: Psuedocoelom, Unsegmented Worm, Tapering End
It belongs in the class Secernentea because: Feed on blood and mucus, pointed and blunt head.
Adult life spent exclusively in Human intestine, specifically in the lumen of the small intestine
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Helps control overpopulation before reaching human host
Cons: Uses host's blood for nutrients.
Giant Gippsland Earthworm
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Annelida
Class: Clitellata
Order: Haplotaxida
Family: Megascolecidae
Genus: Megascolides
Species: Australis

Binomial Nomenclature: Megascolides australis
Feeding: Filter Feeder
Circulation: Closed Circulatory
Respiration: Diffusion through moist skin
Excretion: Waste through anus, eliminated by nephridia
Response: Brain and Nerve cells
Movement: Longitudinal Muscles and Circular Muscles
Reproduction: External fertilization
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the phylum Annelida because:
Segmented, True Coelom, and a Body wall
It belongs to the class Clitellata because:
Has Clitellum, soft and muscular body wall,
Live specifically in Australia, burrowed into the soil around 20 inches deep.
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Spreads nutrients throughout soil, and creates fertile land
Cons: Large burrows cause loose ground
Giant African Land Snail
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Achatinoidea
Family: Achatinidae
Genus: Achatina
Species: fulica

Binomial Nomenclature: Achatina fulica
Feeding: Herbivore
Respiration: Diffusion
Circulation: Open Circulatory
Excretion: Nephridia
Movement: Secretes mucus and uses foot to move
Reproduction: Hermaphrodites
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the phylum Mollusca because: Has a foot used to move, secretes mucus, Bilateral symmetry
It belongs to the class Gastropoda because: 1 shell, Visceral Mass goes through torsion
Native to East Africa in humid, forest areas
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Food source for humans and animals alike
Cons: Extreme pest, eats all crops in sight
Coconut Crab
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Coenobitidae
Genus: Birgus
Species: latro

Binomial Nomenclature: Birgus latro
Feeding: Omnivore
Respiration: Trachial Tubes and Book Lungs
Circulation: Open Circulatory
Excretion:Malphigian Tubes and Diffusion
Response:Well Developed Nervous system, brain, sense organs, and ventral nerve cord
Movement: Crawls using legs, contraction of muscles
Reproduction:Internal fertilization

Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the phylum Arthopoda because: Chitinous Exoskeleton, Jointed appendages, Bilateral Symmetry
It belongs to the class Crustacea because: 2 compound eyes, 2 pair of antennae
Underground burrows and rock crevices on Tropical Islands
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Food Source for humans

Cons: Eats all fruit in areas in which it lives.
Red Sea Urchin
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Echinoida
Family: Strongylocentrotidae
Genus: Mesocentrotus
Species: franciscanus

Binomial Nomenclature: Mesocentrotus franciscanus
Feeding: scrapes algae off rocks
Respiration: Water Vascular system
Circulation: Water Vascular system
Excretion: Digestive Waste leaves through anus, everything else leaves through skin
Response: Nervous system, nerve ring, scattered sensory cells
Movement: Tube feet, endoskeleton
Reproduction: External fertilization
Defining Characteristics
It belongs to the phylum echinodermata because: Radial Symmetry, 5 equal segments
It belongs to the class Echinoidea because: No arms, has a spiny shell
Exclusively marine, anywhere from deep sea trenches to coral reefs.
Body Plan
Ecological Importance
Pros: Keeps algae from covering everything in reefs

Cons: Can potentially harm humans and animals if accidentally stepped on or attacked
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