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Tagore and Shakespeare

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aashi bhatnagar

on 10 May 2015

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Transcript of Tagore and Shakespeare

William Shakespeare
Early Life
Rabindranath Thakur was born on 7 May 1861 to Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi.
two great minds
Tagore and Shakespeare
" The earth has music for those who listen."
Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright .

He was widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world’s
pre-eminent dramatist.
Rabindranath Tagore
" Trees are the earth's endless effort to speak to the listening heaven."
Tagore is a towering figure in the millennium-old literature of Bengal.
He won the Nobel Prize in Literature for the English version of his collection of Bengali songs - Geetanjali
The "Chandos" Portrait
Dark brown, reddish, or black hair billowing down to the lobes of the ears or shoulders and with a carefully trimmed mustache and a receding hairline
A closely cropped beard rising from the chin to the level of the lower lip.

• White hair that flows softly down both sides of his forehead

• Full-bearded

• Dressed in non-western clothes

Tagore was a Brahmo philosopher
(an adherent of Brahmoism)
Shakespeare was believed to be a Catholic
He was nicknamed ‘Rabi’ and was raised by domestic help as his mother died when he was a young man.
The Tagores were ardent art-lovers and so young Rabi was introduced to the world of theatre, music and literature from an early age
In 1878, he moved to Brighton, England, to study law.
Here, he started studying the works of Shakespeare.

He returned to Bengal in 1880 without a degree, with the aspiration of fusing the elements of Bengali and European traditions in his literary works.

His father arranged his marriage with Mrinalini Devi, a girl just ten years old.
Early Life
William Shakespeare was born on April 26, 1564 to John Shakespeare, a glovemaker, and Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent farmer, in Stratford-upon-Avon,England.
Shakespeare's believed
birthplace- his
Throughout his childhood, Shakespeare's father struggled with serious financial debt. Therefore, he did not attend university.
In 1582 at age 18, he married Anne Hathaway, a woman eight years his senior.

Their first child, Susanna, was born in 1583, and twins, Hamnet and Judith, were born in 1585.
Writings and Work
novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas, and thousands of songs.

Of Tagore's prose, his short stories are perhaps most highly regarded
His works are noted for their rhythmic, optimistic, and lyrical nature.

His stories borrow from deceptively simple subject matter: commoners.
At twenty Tagore wrote his first drama- "Valmiki Pratibha" Through which he explores a wide range of dramatic styles and emotions.
His other works fuse lyrical flow and emotional rhythm into a tight focus on a core idea, a break from prior Bengali drama.
Tagore's poetic style ranges from classical formalism to the comic, visionary, and ecstatic.
At sixty, Tagore took up drawing and painting; successful exhibitions of his many works made a debut appearance in Paris.
His artist's eye for his handwriting were revealed in the simple artistic and rhythmic leitmotifs embellishing the scribbles, cross-outs, and word layouts of his manuscripts.
Tagore was a prolific composer with 2,230 songs to his credit.
His songs are called "Rabindrasangit" , which merges fluidly into his literature, most of which—poems , stories, or plays alike—were lyricised.

Influenced by the thumri style of Hindustani music, they ran the entire gamut of human emotion.
Writings and Work
used a metrical pattern consisting of lines of unrhymed iambic pentameter, called blank verse.

Most of his plays were composed using blank verse with other forms of poetry and/or simple prose
Shakespeare created the majority of his popular plays and stories in the late 16th century.

For many years he enjoyed writing comedies and historical plays until he found his true love: writing tragedies and dark dramas.
The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VI, written in the early 1590s during a vogue for historical drama.
A scene from 'Hamlet'
Some of his work include -

All's Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
Comedy of Errors
Taming of the Shrew
Twelfth Night


Henry IV, Part I
Henry VI, Part III
King John
Richard III

Antony and Cleopatra
Julius Caesar
King Lear
Romeo and Juliet

Published in 1609, the Sonnets were the last of Shakespeare's non-dramatic works to be printed.
Rabindranth Tagore William Shakespeare
Date of Death 7th August 1941 23rd April 1616

Age at Death Aged 80 Aged 52

Place of Death Calcutta, West Bengal, Stratford-upon-
India Avon, England

Reason of Death Illness Unknown

Last Piece of Work Galpasalpa (1941) The Two Noble
Kinsmen (1634)

Last picture of Rabindranath, 1941
Clicked during his journey from Shantiniketan, on 25th July 1941

Shakespeare's funerary monument
Rabindranath Tagore
William Shakespeare
Tagore's Bengali originals are canonised as one of the nation's greatest cultural treasures.
Tagore was renowned throughout much of Europe, North America, and East Asia and his works were widely translated into English, Dutch, German, Spanish, and other European languages.

In the United States, Tagore's lecturing circuits, particularly those of 1916–1917, were widely attended and wildly acclaimed
By way of translations, Tagore influenced Chileans like Pablo Neruda and, Mexican writer Octavio Paz, and Spaniards like José Ortega y Gasset.
Shakespeare's work has made a lasting impression on later theatre and literature. In particular, he expanded the dramatic potential of characterisation, plot, language, and genre.

Until Romeo and Juliet, for example, romance had not been viewed as a worthy topic for tragedy.
A statue of William Shakespeare in Chichago
In Shakespeare's day, English grammar, spelling and pronunciation were less standardised than they are now and his use of language helped shape modern English.

EG- Expressions such as "with bated breath" (Merchant of Venice) and "a foregone conclusion" (Othello) have found their way into everyday English speech.
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