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INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE

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by

Roann Baleza

on 12 June 2014

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Transcript of INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE

2 Major Forms of Literature
Literature
from Latin word lit(t)eratura "learning, writing, grammar," originally "writing formed with letters," from lit(t)era "letter." (http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/literature)
Literature
written works (such as poems, plays, and novels) that are considered to be very good and to have lasting importance (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/literature)
Literature
is SHE (Significant Human Experience)
Literary Genres of Fiction
Prose
Poetry
PROSE
is a form of language that possesses ordinary syntax and natural speech rather than rhythmic structure; in which regard, along with its measurement in sentences rather than lines, it differs from poetry.
4.
Fairy Tales
- are a kind of folktale or fable; the stories are about fairies or other magical creatures, usually for children.
5.
Science Fiction
is a story based on impact of potential science, either actual or imagined.
6
.
Short Story
is fiction of such briefness that is not able to support any subplots
7.
Folklore
are songs, stories, myths, and proverbs of a person of “folk” that was handed down by word of mouth.
8.
Horror
is an overwhelming and painful feeling caused by literature that is frightfully shocking, terrifying, or revolting.
9.
Legend
is a story that sometimes of a national or folk hero.

10.
Mystery
is a genre of fiction that deals with the solution of a crime or the unraveling of secrets.

11.
Mythology
is a type of legend or traditional narrative; often pertaining to the actions of the gods and goddesess

Literary Genres of Fiction
1.
Drama
- the genre of literature that’s subject for compositions is dramatic art in the way it is represented; stories composed in verse or prose, usually for theatrical performance, where conflicts and emotion are expressed through dialogue and action.

2.
Poetry
- verse and rhythmic writing with imagery that evokes an emotional response from the reader.

3.
Fable
- a story about supernatural or extraordinary people; animals often speak as humans that are legendary and supernatural tales.
INTRODUCTION TO LITERATURE
Prepared by: Ms. Roann M. Baleza
2 Types of Prose
Fiction
- written stories about people and events that are not real : literature that tells stories which are imagined by the writer
Non Fiction
- covers the sciences, history, philosophy, biographies and any number of other subgenres.
Literary Genres of Fiction
Literary Genres of Non Fiction
1.
Essays
are a short literary composition that reflects the author’s outlook or point.
2.
Biography
is a written account of another person’s life.
3.
Autobiography
gives the history of a person’s life, written or told by that person.
4.
Speech
is the faculty or power of speaking; oral communication; ability to express one’s thoughts and emotions by speech, sounds, and gesture.
5.
Diary
(also called journal) is a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period


Literary Genres of Fiction
12.
Novel
- a long fictional story of 100 pages or more; has more characters,settings,and themes, than a short story.
13.
Novella
- story between 20-100 pages; can also be a collection of short stories.
14.
Folk tale
- fictional tale by an unknown author, that has been passed down orally by generations.

Literary Genres of Non Fiction
6.
Memoir
- a book a person writes about a particular time in his or her life; it does not cover from birth to death.
7.
Periodicals
- a newspaper or magazine that is distributed monthly, weekly, or daily.
8.
Official Document
-
examples include a birth certificate, death certificate, marriage license, police reports.
9.
Documentary
- a nonfiction film that uses primary and secondary sources



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