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Buddhism: Rituals

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Joann Villages

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Buddhism: Rituals

Buddhism: Rituals Meditation Milestone: Birth Milestone: Death Conclusion Worship When they worship , it’s also called puja.
Worship at home or at a temple/shine.
Can be simple ex. Bowing to a shrine of Buddha at home can be also at a temple with monks and formal chants.

Temples
They rep 5 elements of Buddhist faith
1.Sky (vertical line)
2.Water (horizontal ine)
3.Fire (circle)
4.Air (oval)
5.Earth (square)
They have decorative arches, curving roofs, bells, gongs, gardens.
At the door they have cylinders with Buddhist teachings and people spin them for guidance.
When entering temple, you bow for respect. Bow 3 times.
Buddha Jewels: Buddha, dharma and sangha.
People make offerings to Buddha jewels: burning incense light candles, give food, give flowers.
Can help Buddhist get closer to enlightenment and help monks live.
Worship practices vary but include:
>Silent meditation, with or without chanting
Sermons applying to dharma
>Ex. Japanese Zen will have longer meditation and shorter dharma.
Some Buddhist deeply worship Buddha and some don’t
Some Buddhist has a Sabbath day but usually follow lunar calendar. What, we're going to talk about Believe rituals help achieve enlightenment either in present or future
Rituals allowing bonding between communities
>Meditation
>Worshiping at home, at the temple, or shrine
>Festivals marking history of Buddhism
Meditation
Buddha shown as meditating figure is calm figure
Quiet mind so that meditators can more fully enter into spiritual world
Connects them with community of Buddhists (sangha) and helps them identify with founder of the faith
Benefits: Focuses the mind, helps one remain calm when under stress
Way of removing distractions so a person can be in touch with the present moment, free from memories of past, or anxieties about future
Focus on visual object; flame, sacred diagram, mandala
>Mandala: form of a circle used for focusing
Also recite a phrase mantra as the mahayana om mani padme
>Mantra: word/phase chanted in aid to meditation

http://www.howcast.com/videos/1093-How-to-Practice-Buddhist-Breathing-Meditation Dealing with death and funerals are important and distinctive.
Dying Buddhist must be visited by monks. They will offer comfort by chanting versus from the scriptures
Buddhist believe in reincarnation: until one acheives enlightenment and nirvana.
Death is also a time for passing on merit (positive impact of one's life) to the next rebirth.
In some funeral rituals a cup is filled until it over flows meaning that merit built up in this spills into the next. Game + Handout + Videos ! The Wheel of Dharma The Wheel of Dharma is a very important, and one of the oldest symbols in Buddhism. It is also known as the “wheel of law”. The eight spokes of the wheel symbolize the steps of the eightfold path. These are important teachings that are to be put into motion, just as a wheel would be put into motion. So therefore, Buddhists should live out these teachings.
oRight thinking or understanding
oRight though/intention
oRight speech
oRight action/behavior
oRight living
oRight effort
oRight mindfulness
oRight meditation

The wheel represents the endless cycle of pain that humans go through, which is samsara. Samsara can only be escaped with the help of the Buddha’s teachings. As we’ve already learned in the Hinduism unit, samsara is the cycle of reincarnation.
The centre of the wheel represents the Three Jewels of Buddhism: the Buddha, The dharma (teaching), and the sangha (community)
The centre also represents the spiritual dedication required to live out the teachings in everyday life.
The wheel or circle itself represents life, as well as the perfection of the Buddha’s teachings.
This wheel can be seen in Buddhist art. An example would be its appearance in the centre of mandalas or in temples. Introduction Meditation
Worshiping
The Wheel of Dharma
Milestones: Birth and Death Buddhism comes from the word "budhi" which means "to awaken". 2,500 years ago Siddhartha Gotama (aka Buddha) was awakened.
Buddhism is a "way of life" and a philosophy because philosophy means "love of wisdom".
Buddhist path can be summed up:
1) to lead a moral life,
2) to be mindful and aware of thoughts and actions, and
3) to develop wisdom and understanding. Birth of child is celebration for Buddhists
All living beings are precious and not to be harmed.
Theravadin tradition is when Buddhist family take the new born to a temple to be blessed.
> The rituals consists of melting candle wax into a bowl and it symbolizes union of earth, air, fire, water and sky.
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