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Ecological problems of Baikonur

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Aydana Usentaeva

on 24 December 2014

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Transcript of Ecological problems of Baikonur

Baikonur
The Baikonur Cosmodrome was originally constructed by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s as the base of operations for its space program.
The Cosmodrome has been an important part of space exploration history, having been the launching site of earth’s first satellite and first man in space. Today operations have been scaled down, but it remains one of only a handful of active space launching facilities in the world.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome is located in the desert about 124 miles (200 km) east of the Aral Sea. The complex is just north of the Syr Darya River and measures 53 miles (85 km) from north to south and 56 miles (90 km) from east to west.
Harms of Baikonur
In the US, Canada and in European countries cosmodroms are highly protected territories where prohibited any kind of industrial activities and no one lives. In Kazakhstan, the situation is different. The famous Baikonur - a launching pad for rockets - is located in the desert, and are near the area where people live.
In February 11, 2009,
during the next launching
of a rocket "ProtonM" doctor physician medical
association №2 Kurchum district held reception villagers Takyr to assess the health status of the population. Basically, people turned to the doctor complaining of weakness, malaise, nervousness, headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. This is all because of ecological problems of that region
NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF BAIKONUR COSMODROME
In the village Takyr 206 people and they found among 168 patients. Most people suffering from cardiovascular
diseases (51 people) and nerve pathology (36). In Kalzhyr of 246 examined patients was more than half ill people. Diseases are the same as in Takyrs. Also recorded
enough cases of respiratory disease, renal disease and anemia.
"Do you know the volume of oxygen destroyed by every launched rocket? Proton rockets are still being launched. They use heptyl, which is a very toxic fuel. One gram of heptyl contaminates 2 cubic kilometers of air. That is why we can say that the ecological situation in the Baikonur area is drastic," Eleusizov said.
In 1999, Kazakhstan temporarily banned operations in Baikonur after two of Russia's Proton space rockets exploded over central Kazakhstan, showering the local environment with toxic fuel.
Almost the entire population of Baikonur City works at the space complex. Russia gave all of the workers the opportunity to become Russian citizens. The effect was that Baikonur City became a sort of Russian enclave in the center of Kazakhstan.
Here is information gathered by the staff of Ministry of ecology and biological resources and presented using objective scientific language: "pollution of the biosphere by rocket fuel is continued. The most dangerous of all fuels is non-symmetric dimethylhydrozyne (NDMG) - a highly-toxic, explosive substance, which has cancerougenous, mutogenous and therratogenous properties. If we translate these terms into regular human language, this will mean that this poisonous substance may become the reason for cancer or birth of children with abnormalities. "In the environment NDMG appears, while it is produced, transported, poured into the tanks and used at the tests of military and space missiles, when the heads of the rockets are separated and are falling on the ground, NDMG is carried by wind and later by water, wild and domestic animals, people, vehicles. It is concentrated in underground waters, soil, plants, organisms of wild animals and people. All types of manufactured products and raw materials (used for medical and other purposes), gathered from polluted territories are dangerous for the health of people.
Scientists have gathered huge amounts of experimental material proving that "ecologically disadvantaged environmental conditions" have negative impact on people's health.
For example, wastes of metallurgical plants seriously influence the increase of the level of heart diseases, psychological diseases, cancer-related illnesses. Wastes of metallurgy factories and power plants increase the level of lung diseases. In the regions where chemical industry plants are located, allergies, endocrine system diseases and diseases of sexual organs are widely spread. Pollution of the atmosphere of the cities by nitrogen oxide stimulates development of diseases of the lungs and breathing system.
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