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Suez Canal Crisis

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by

Hidy Leung

on 17 February 2014

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Transcript of Suez Canal Crisis

1956

What?
Significance
The Suez Crisis raised the status of Nasser
Ferdinand de Lesseps (1805 - 1894)
A French diplomat and later developer of the Suez Canal
Who?
Where?
When?
29 October – 7 November 1956
Egypt, the US, the UN and the Soviet Union

fighting against
Britain, France and Israel

Why?
Britain, France and Israel wanted to invade Egypt.
The Suez canal between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
Direct causes
Indirect causes
Egypt felt that the British treated them as second class citizens
Egypt did not appreciate Britain’s creation of an Israeli state.
US wanted to lower British dominance over the area
Gamal Abdel Nasser announced Nationalisation of the Suez Canal.
Both the British and French wanted to depose Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser
The British, French and Israeli governments withdrew their troops
Part of the Cold War and the Arab–Israeli conflict
Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918 - 1970)
The second President of Egypt
Nasser wanted to address five topics in order to modernize Egypt:
Poverty in Egypt
Ignorance in Egypt
“National oblivion”
Neglect of Egypt’s infrastructure
No sense of national identity or pride in Egypt
Wanted to see Egypt free of any British influence.
I am not going to spend any time whatsoever attacking the Foreign Secretary.Quite honestly, I am beginning to feel extremely sorry for him. If we complain about the tune, there is no reason to attack the monkey when the organ grinder is present.
-Aneurin Bevan
The canal served as a buffer between Egypt and Israel.
The Suez Crisis, also referred to
Tripartite Aggression,
Suez Canal Crisis,
Suez War,
Second Arab-Israeli War
Ferdinand de Lesseps built the Suez Canal
Reducing sailing distances and times between the West and the East.
Bibliography
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suez_Crisis
https://www.google.com/search?
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/suez_01.shtml
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/causes_suez-crisis-1956.htm
http://quotes.dictionary.com/search/suez+canal+crisis?page=1
http://www.youtube.com
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/modern/suez_01.shtml
http://library.thinkquest.org/20176/suez.htm
http://fc.sjsd.net/~gvalentim/FOV1-00043ADD/FOV1-00045B53/FOV1-0004B632/History%20EE%20A%20Score.pdf?Plugin=Loft
Significance
France’s relationship with Arab states became worsened due to alliance with Israel
Egypt became center for Arab nationalism
France
Britain
British government stopped the policy of foreign imperialistic rule.
Bitter relationship between Britain and U.S.
Started decolonizing British Africa
Became less powerful as a nation
Closes canal in June 1967 in conjunction with the Six-Day War
Suez Canal was reopened in March 1957 after nationalizing in June 1956
Significance
U.S.
Proved U.S. a new world superpower
Supported Israel
New setting for Cold War became the Middle East with the Soviet Union supporting Arab states
Others
The Six Day War wouldn’t have occurred
The Middle East could not survive independently
Different Perspectices on Suez Canal Crisis
I. Egypt:

* Removed all British troops from Egypt in attempts to become independent and shortly after nationalized the Suez Canal

* Nasser had ideas that the canal belonged to Egypt

* Worked with Soviet Union for military weapons

II. Britain and France:

* Rulers angered by the nationalization of the Suez Canal

* Believed the canal was international ruled

* Saw the conquering of the canal as a way to establish international power


III. U.S.:

* Long-time supporter of Israel

* Did not oppose idea of Arab nationalism but did not support it either

* Against the British and French invasion of the Suez Canal

IV. Soviet Union:

* Saw the Middle East as a new setting for the Cold War

* Helping the Arab states would stop the spreading of Nasser’s ideas and help spread communism
Different Perspectives on Suez Canal Crisis
Suez Canal Crisis
Full transcript