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Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet

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Madison Beardslee

on 5 January 2014

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Transcript of Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet

1. You are a lover; borrow Cupid's wings.
2. Well, in that hit you miss. She'll not be hit with Cupid's arrow; she hath Dians wit;
3. Mercutio: You are a lover; borrow Cupid's wings, and soar with them above a common bound. Romeo: I am too sore enpierced with his shaft to soar with his light feathers, and so bound I cannot bound a pitch above dull woe. Under love's heavy burden do I sink. Mercutio: And to sing in it, should you burden love; too great oppression for a tender thing.
4. Dost thou love me? I know thou wit say "Ay", and I will take thy word; yet if thou swear'st, though mayst prove false. At lovers perjuries, They say Jove laughs.
5. Speak to my gossip Venus one fair word, one nick-name for her purblind son and heir, Young Adam Cupid, he that shot so trim, when King Cophetua lov'd the beggar-maid!
Personification is giving something non-human, human qualities.

Foreshadowing is a warning of later on events that will happen in the story.
1. If ever you disturb our streets again your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.
2. Is she a Capulet? O dear account! My life is my foe's debt.
3. Well, do not swear, although I joy in thee. I have no joy of this contract-to-night; it is too rash, too unadvis'd, too sudden.

An oxymoron is two words combined, that mean the opposite of each other.
A pun is a joke that exploits the
different types of the word.

Examples of an Oxymoron:
1. Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate
2. O heavy lightness! Serious vanity! Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
3. Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health! Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!

Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet
1. And more inconstant than the wind, who woos, even now the frozen bosom of the north, and being anger'd, puffs away from thence.
2. Now old Desire doth in his death-bed lie, and young Affection gapes to his heir
3. I have night's cloak to hide me from their eyes; and but thou love me, let them find me here.
4. The earth hath swallow'd all my hopes but she
Examples of Personification:
More Examples:
1. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, who is already sick and pale with grief that thou, her maid, art far more fair than she.

Simile is using the words like or as to describe something.
1. My grave is like to be a wedding-bed.
Allusion is making a reference
to something.
Examples of a Pun
1. But let them measure us by what they
will. We'll measure them a measure
and be gone.
2. Not I, believe me. You have dancing
shoes with nimble soles. I have a
soul of lead.

A metaphor is describing something without using like or as.
1. But to himself and so close, so far from sounding and discovery, as is the bud bit with an envious worm ere he can spread his sweet leaves to the air.
2. A man, young lady! Lady, such a man. As all the world-why he's a man of wax!
3. But, soft! What light through younder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
4. The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars, as daylight doth a lamp; her eyes in heavan would though the airy region stream so bright that birds would sing and think it were not right.

Extended Metaphor
A longer metaphor, at length.
1. Love is a smoke made with the fume of sighs; being purg'd a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes; beign vex'd, a sea nourish'd with lovers' tears, what is it else? A madness most discreet, a choking gall, and a preserving sweet.
2. I fear, too early; for my mind misgives some consequence yet hanging in the stars shall bitterly begin his fearful date with this night's revels, and expire the term of a despised life clos'd in my breast by some vile forfeit of ultimately death.
More Examples:
1. This you shall behold him at our feast. Read o'er the volume of young Paris' face, and find delight writ there with beauty's pen; examine ever married lineament, and see how one another looks content; and what obscured in this fair volume lies find written in the margent of his eyes. This precious book of love, this unbond lover, to beautify him only lacks a cover. The fish lives in the sea, and 'tis much pride for fair without the fair within to hide. That book in many's eyes doth share the glory, that in gold clasps locks in the golden story; so shall you share all that he doth possess, by having him making yourself no less.
Imagery is a visual description, using figurative language.
1. Away from light steals home my heavy son, and private in his chamber pens himself, shuts up his windows, locks fair daylight out, and makes himself an artificial night.
2. O, then, I see Queen Mab hath been with you. She is the fairies' midwife, and she comes in shape no bigger than an agate-stone on the fore finger of an alderman

More Examples of Imagery:
3. If i profane with my unworthiest hand this holy shrine, the gentle fine is this; my lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand to smooth the rough touch with tender kiss.
4. Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, having some business, do entreat her eyes to twinkle in their spheres till they return.
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