Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Astronomy Unit Project!

No description
by

Sydney Caston

on 11 December 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Astronomy Unit Project!

Planets!
Astronomy Project!
Mercury!
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Neptune
Uranus
is the nearest planet to the sun
36 million miles from the sun
Temperature during the day is about 800 degrees Fahrenheit
one day is 58 Earth days
mostly composed of iron
takes 243 days to complete a full rotation around the sun
highly volcanic
67 million miles from the sun
one of the brightest objects in our sky
rises and sets with the sun
4.5 billion years old
93 million miles from the sun
has the only known liquid water in the solar system
astrological name for Earth is "Terra"
tilt is at 66 degrees
named after the Roman god of war because the reddish color reminded people of blood
one year is 687 Earth days
atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide
Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in our solar system
two moons
largest planet in the solar system
60 moons and 2 rings
rotates the sun every 12 Earth years
is essentially a sun but doesnt have the required nuclear reaction to produce light
"Great Red Spot" is actually a huge storm system that has lasted 300 years
31 moons
896 million miles from the sun
Winds are above 1,100 miles per hour on the planet
one day is 10 hours and 14 minutes
called the ringed planet
27 moons
takes 84 Earth years to make one rotation around the sun
reason for tilt is unknown
13 rings; 2 are very far from the planet
third largest planet in the solar system in diameter
blue color is from the atmosphere of methane gas
more than 2 billion miles from the sun
one day is equal to 16 hours on Earth
orbits the sun once every 165 Earth years
4 times the size of Earth
M
y
V
ery
E
xcellent
M
other
J
ust
S
erved
U
s
N
oodles
Moons
Earth:
1 moon: Luna
Mars:
2 moons: Phobos and Deimos
Jupiter:
63 moons: Io, Europa, Canymede, and Callisto
Saturn:

61 moons: Titan and Rhea
Uranus:

27 moons: Cordelia and Ophelia
Neptune:
13 moons: Trition
The Sun
contains 90% of all the mass in the solar system
nuclear reaction turns hydrogen and helium into energy
4.5 to 4.6 billion years old
does not have a solid surface but usually has a diameter of 864,900 miles
6 different layers:
core, radiation zone, convection zone, photosphere, chromosphere, and corona

The Universe
Galaxies
Spiral: bulging nucleus with at least two arms that contain great clouds of gas and dust coming out on opposite sides
Elliptical: oval shaped; no arms, little gas or dust clouds
Irregular: stars spread unevenly, no distinct shape
Light Years
is used to describe the distance that light can travel in a year

Light travels 9.5 trillion kilometers each year.
Closest star (other than the Sun) is the Proxima Centauri; 4.3 light years away
Scientists think that a big bang caused the beginning of the universe
Belgian priest named Georges Lemaitre first suggested the big bang theory in the 1920s
The big bang theory leaves several major questions unanswered
Distance and Mass
Mass: amount of stuff in an object; measured in kg

Distance: the extent of space between 2 objects in space; measured in km
Space Tools
Telescopes
Optical:
Refracting: uses convex lenses
Reflecting: uses curved mirror
Radio:
studies radio waves traveling through space
can travel freely through the atmosphere
2 Types: Optical and Radio

Refracting: uses convex lenses
Reflecting: uses curved mirrors
Example: Hubble Space Telescope
Optical!
Radio!
studies radio waves traveling through space
Satellite:
any object that revolves around another
controlled by gravity
Space Prob:
instrument used to gather information and send back to Earth
can travel farther in the solar system than satellites
Spectroscope:
uses light waves
measures how hot and composition
Weight on Other Planets!
Time it takes each planet to orbit the sun:
Weight on Mars: 37.7 lbs.
Weight on Jupiter: 236.4 lbs.


Weight on Earth: 100 lbs
.
Formula:
Weight = mass x gravitational field strength

Mercury: 88 days

Venus: 225 days

Earth: 365
Mars: 685
Jupiter: 12 years

Saturn: 29 years
Neptune: 165 years

Uranus: 84 years


Timeline of the Sun (Past, Present, and Future)
Fun Facts About the Solar System!!
Saturn is not the only planet with rings; Jupiter, Neptune, and Uranus have rings too, they just can not be seen from Earth
Jupiter gravitational field pulls in a lot of space junk, which usually stops it from hitting Earth
The seasons on Uranus last for 20 years because of its 82 degree tilt

Star Prompt 1:
Big Bang Theory:
around 4.6 billion years ago when part of a cloud of gas, which was filled with particles of ice, dust, rock, and other particles, collapsed. These clouds collapsed from some kind of turbulence that caused it to heat up and eventually turn into a star.
Steady State Theory:
the universe was infinite in age; so no creation or no cause was needed
Bibliography
http://www.everystudent.com/wires/universe.html
http://listverse.com/2013/04/27/10-fascinating-facts-about-our-solar-system/
My Astronomy Book (:
Star Prompt 2
2 Categories

Inner:
are composed mostly of rock and metal and have solid surfaces; inside of the asteroid belt
Outer:
gas giants; outside of the asteroid belt
Mercury
Venus
Earth
Mars
Jupiter
Saturn
Uranus
Neptune
Pictures from google images
Full transcript