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Chapter 7: Section 3

Sociology Project.
by

Katherine Tran

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 7: Section 3

Retirement isn’t the end. The elderly don’t have to work anymore, but they are allowed to spend their free time doing other things.
Advantages of Retirement
- Freedom
- Travel
- Education
- Activities
- Politics
- Second career
- Volunteering
Individuals who plan ahead for retirement are in a better position to take advantage of the opportunities in this period of life.

Chapter 7: Section 3
"The Later Years"

Dealing with Dependency & Death
Dependency – the shift from being an independent adult to being dependent on others for physical or financial assistance.
- Changes an individual’s status and necessitates new role behaviors
- Strains parent-child relationship
Elderly people fear dependency but do not appear to fear death.
- Already at the end of their lives
- Fewer prospects for the future
- Less to lose

Change Continues
People are now living longer
Individuals aged 65 and older are placed into three groups:
- Young-old – ages 65-74; adjustment to retirement
- Middle-old – ages 75-84
- Old-old – ages 85+
Issues surrounding physical and mental decline and death take on added importance

Adjustment to Retirement
Elderly people consider retirement among the least stressful events that they have experienced.
Happy & well-adjusted people enjoy retirement; unhappy & unfulfilled people rarely find retirement satisfying.
Factors that affect adjustment to retirement:
- Income
- Health
- Social networks
- Identity
Failure to adapt to retirement can have negative consequences.
- Ex: suicide

Physical & Mental Functioning
Physical
Mental
Dementia
Aging is sometimes accompanied by dementia -- mental decline.
Alzheimer’s disease – organic condition that results in the progressive deterioration of brain cells (most common form of dementia).
- Symptoms: eyesight, speech, and muscles fail

Skin wrinkles
Loss of weight
Weakened muscles/bone joints
Gray/white hair

Most remain mentally alert
Retain intellectual aptitude
Vocabulary increases until 70s
Certain kinds of intelligence can be improved with training

New Opportunities
Improved health care has enabled more and more people around the world to live longer than ever before.

The Later Years
People age 65 and older are the fastest-growing segment of the world’s population.
Gerontology
- the scientific study of the processes and phenomena of aging.
Social Gerontology
- the study of the nonphysical aspects of the aging process.
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