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Mariah Thomas & Kianna Lamb
Transcript of Mariah Thomas & Kianna Lamb
Mariah Thomas & Kianna Lamb
- One of the defining themes of 19th-century American history
- 1803 purchased the territory of Louisiana
- 1803-1861 expansion into what is now Oklahoma
- Jefferson believed westward expansion was the key to the nation's health.
- United States would have to continue to expand to sustain the ideal population
- President Thomas Jefferson
- Could provide needed natural resources, living room for an expanding population, a barrier against foreign aggression, space for the resettlement of eastern Indians
- Dispatched expeditions to explore new land, the earliest and best known of the expeditions were Meriwether Lewis and Williams Clark
- Best land route for travel to the Western United States
- Only way for settlers with tools, livestock, and supplies to cross the mountains
- It's believed that without the trail most of the American west would be part of Canada or Mexico.
- Mountain pass in the northern Sierra Nevada
- During the winter of 1846–47, George and Jacob Donner lost nearly half of a party of more than 80 immigrants when they tried to cross the pass en route to the Sacramento Valley.
- Blocked by snow in the Sierra Nevada, and, when their food ran out, some reportedly survived by eating the corpses of their fallen companions.
Manifest Destiny (1835 - 1850)
• Americans accepted Manifest Destiny which forced Native Americans of the land ; Formally known as The Trail of Tears
• The East became pretty crowded and Americans wanted more land which resulted to the War with Mexicans
• The West offered furs, lumber, precious metals, and land. America extended to the Atlantic to the Pacific
• James K. Polk (1795-1849) – 11th president of the United States
• Polk successfully campaigned on an expansionist platform and vowed not to compromise with the British on the debate over the Oregon Territory's northern border
“When your fathers fixed the place of GOD,
And settled all the inconvenient saints,
Apostles, martyrs, in a kind of Whipsnade,
Then they could set about imperial expansion
Accompanied by industrial development.”
“What a prodigious growth this English race, especially the American branch of it, is having! How soon will it subdue and occupy al l the wild parts of this continent and of the islands adjacent. No prophecy, however seemingly extravagant, as to future achievements in this way likely to equal the reality.”
Lewis and Clark (May 14-December 31,1804)
obtained new knowledge about the Northwest's area and natural resources sparked American interest in the west
gave Americans a sense of pride at a time when they badly needed symbols of national triumph
made discovers of landscapes, rivers, native cultures
production of the first accurate maps of the area ( approximately 140 maps)
enabled the U.S to lay claim on the Oregon region
better understanding of the country natural resources (found of 122 species and 178 plants)
established friendly relationships with the Native Americans
“I called this island Bad Humored Island, as we were in a bad humor.”
" I walked on the hills and observed great numbers of Buffalow"
Louisiana Purchase (1803-1804)
doubled the US size by using a loose interpretation of the Constitution
increase in taxes and new resources to obtain good farmland
conflicts with the Native Americans for wanting to take control of New Orleans and the Mississippi River for trade
"It is the case of a guardian, investing the money of his ward in purchasing an important adjacent territory; and saying to him when of age, I did this for your own good."
“Although most Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, few could agree on exactly which lands the United States was supposed to govern.”
- Now know as the great Ele road.
- Traced by explores and fur traders
- first large group of immigrants (about 900) used the trail in the "Great Migration" of 1843.
- Journey in a covered wagon took about six months
- often were attacked by Indians and had to cross flooded rivers (was not an easy trip)
- James K. Polk president