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Intro to photography and photojournalism

Kathryn Dodge

on 15 October 2014

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Transcript of Photojournalism

& photojournalism
Elements of photography
Specific qualities of the way the photo was taken. This includes focus, sharpness, contrast & clarity.
The arrangement of elements within the frame of a photograph. This includes people, objects, foreground & background.
1. Rule of Thirds
Don't put your subject directly in the center unless you have a good reason
The eye is drawn to the target spots and lines when you divide your frame into thirds
This is where you want to place your key subject(s)
2. Point of view
Try different angles and approaches to your subject when photographing
This may mean standing on furniture to get a shot from above, or lying on the ground to get an up-close shot of something small
Be creative
3. Leading Lines
Horizontal and vertical lines in your photograph can lead the viewer's eyes to the subject
Line of sight from your subject or other people in your picture can lead the viewer through the photograph
4. Framing
You can use part of your picture, either in the background or foreground, to frame the whole or part of the subject
Make framing purposeful to draw the viewer's eye into that part of the photo
This make take some repositioning and adjusting to your point of view of the subject
5. Repetition
Repetition of shapes, figures, lines, or patterns in a photo can be appealing to viewers and draw them in
It can be used as the key element (the subject itself contains repetition) or as the background or framing element (such as repetition of leading lines)
Make sure it is not excessive or distracting from the picture or the subject
Sometimes a break in repetition can be just as successful at drawing the viewer in and emphasizing the composition of your subject
1. Tell a story
Photojournalism is just what it sounds like: photo-journalism. With that in mind, your aim is to capture a moment that tells a story and has value to its viewers
Remember: who, what, where when, why and how.
Your pictures should answer some of these questions.
People can relate to other people.
Capturing the human experience in photos is all about action and reaction, which convey emotion.
2. Fill the frame
Get close to your subject

Getting close and filling the frame helps to keep your photo from getting to busy and distracting from the point of the picture.

Keep it simple by capturing a key moment or subject to tell the larger story.
3. Be authentic
Stay away from posed pictures. If you need to take a posed picture, think of it as a portrait and make it creative.
Avoid inanimate objects. If it is crucial to the story, attempt to get a person's reaction to the object instead.
Don't manipulate photos, via editing, that change the meaning of the picture.
Don't claim posed pictures to be something they're not. In essence, don't reinact an event and present the pictures as the real event.
Back to the basics
Technical Quality
Depth of Field
The distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a photo that appear in focus.
One of the most important photo editing techniques.
With cropping, you are able to focus the viewers' attention, just like the use of different depths of field.
When cropping photos, be careful not to cut out any important objects/subjects in the picture.
Remember: Fill the frame!
We know you aren't all photographers but at some point there will be a camera in your hands and you'll want to know this stuff!
Important things to remember:
Charge your batteries
Keep track of your memory card(s)
Always use your camera's wrist/neck strap
Always carry your camera in its case
Don't EVER touch the camera lens!
Show me, don't tell me:
The photos used in your stories should tell the story themselves. Captions are important but you shouldn't rely on them to explain everything to the readers.
Famous photo
Bad angle = not famous
High depth of field = a lot of focused area
Low depth of field = limited focused area
High depth of field = a lot of focused area
Low depth of field = limited focused area
Zoom in close to your subject
This is too far away!
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