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Changing the Climate
Transcript of Changing the Climate
photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr
What were the attitudes towards women in the 1950s?
What were the attitudes towards women in 1970s?
In the 90s?
Why had the role of women changed in some ways?
Why had the role of women stayed the same in some ways?
Did attitudes to all women change, or only certain groups?
How did the people of Britain greet the passengers of the Windrush?
What does "Love Thy Neighbour" tell us about attitudes towards people of a different race by the mid 1970s?
Why did some people's attitude towards people of a different race change for the better during the 1960s?
Why did some people's attitude change for the worse?
What were people's attitudes towards promiscuous behaviour in the 1950s?
What were people's attitudes towards promiscuous behaviour in the 1970s?
What caused this change in attitudes?
Did everyone change their attitude?
Were there any types of promiscuous behaviour that still weren't tolerated by 1970?
How is promiscuity viewed today?
Sexual intercourse began in 1963
(Which was rather late for me)
Between the end of the Chatterley ban
And the Beatles' first LP.
How will you change the climate ?
The Abolition of Empire day was celebrated on 24 May 1962. Yet 51 former British colonies remained in the Commonwealth. People from these countries had the right t o settle in Britain. In the 1950s and early 1960s people arrived from the West Indies, India, Africa and Hong Kong. Most arrived with the hope they could stay long enough to pay for their boat ticket, send money home and then return with wealth to live on.
The British government encouraged immigration in the 1950s. Low-paid and unskilled jobs in transport and the NHS needed filling. Posters appeared in the Caribbean showing an attractive native on the footplate of a London Bus.
Discrimination soon turned into aggression. Violent riots broke out in 1958 between local whites and black immigrants in Notting Hill, London and Nottingham. In 1959, Kelso Cochrane, a 32-year old Antiguan was stabbed to death by a gang of 6 white youths.
A survey of 1965 showed half of people would refuse to live next to a black person. Nine out of ten disapproved of mixed marriages.
In 1967 the National Front was set up. A strongly racist and violent group. Bengalis in the East End were targeted. Girls were kicked out of school, stones flung, some streets were “no go” areas. From Bradford to Luton “Paki-bashing” became a common occurrence.
“The effect of this immigration has been to make Britons feel strangers in their own country, their wives unable to obtain hospital beds in childbirth, their children unable to obtain school places, their homes and neighbourhoods changed beyond recognition, their plans and prospects for the future defeated.
As I look ahead, I am filled with foreboding. Like the Roman, I seem to see the River Tiber foaming with much blood.”
Enoch Powell, front bench Tory MP in a speech to Conservatives in Wolverhamptn, 1968
Until 1970, women could be paid less than men. They often had jobs as secretaries or in the service sector. Yet childminders were rare in the 1960s. Working mothers were often portrayed as unnatural and selfish by the media.
Developments in contraception and the divorce laws were liberating for women but they also were for men. Many women were left feeling uncertain about the relationships they were in.
Can we use the same methods to change the attitude to climate change?
Rape in marriage was criminalised as recently as 1982 in Scotland and 1991 in England. Before these dates a woman had no legal protection from rape by her husband.
Nemo at risk
Many species of birds, amphibians and corals not currently under threat will be at risk from climate change . The Amazon rainforest was among the places where ever more types of birds and amphibians would be threatened as temperatures climbed. Common corals off Indonesia would also be among the most vulnerable.
Overall, up to 41 percent of all bird species, 29 percent of amphibians and 22 percent of corals were "highly climate change vulnerable but are not currently threatened“.
By the end of the 1960s inequalities and stereotypes still existed. Yet girls had a better education and more opportunities than a decade before. Bearing an illegitimate child was no longer such a sin neither was living together outside of marriage. Yet men no longer held doors open for women.
Attitudes to all of these have changed out of all recognition