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The Marine Biome

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Hannah W

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of The Marine Biome

By Hannah Woodley Major Damages to the Marine Biome The Marine Biome Weather & Climate of the Marine Biome Marine Ocean Biome The average rainfall per year in the marine biome is 60-250 inches per year, depending on were it is. The average climate temperature is 78.8° Fahrenheit during the summer and 57.2° Fahrenheit during the winter. The temperature will vary depending on how near or far it is from the equator. Also the depth of the water. The top layer is what we used for temps. In 2010, the Marine Biome suffered a lot. In the gulf of Mexico, there was a huge oil spill. One of the ships from Louisiana had an explosion on board, having oil spill every where in the gulf of Mexico. 5,000 barrels of oil were split everyday. You could seen visible damage on the shore line. Billions of sea organisms died due to the oil spill. Millions of fish died, as well as ten- thousand large animals dying. As well for birds, 8030 birds were collected. 4311 out of the 8030 were oiled and 3705 were not. More than 17,000 birds had died and only 453 survived. Most organizations that helped with the Gulf of Mexico or the BP oil spill had tried their best to make sure every animal survived. Sadly, a little percentage did survive. The marine biome covers over 70% of Earth itself. Almost every country has an ocean near it. This biome has marine animals like whales, dolphins, fish, sharks, starfish, krill, etc. The marine biome has other names also. For example, ocean, sea, and aquatic biome. This biome includes the five main oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern, as well as many smaller Gulfs and Bays. Aquatic animals that live in the marine biome usually survive off of each other. For food, a shark woud eat a fish. And also for other resources, a fish could rely on a reef of coral for protection for predators. Oil Spill in Gulf Of Mexico Another major influence and disaster to the marine biome is whale poaching. Whale poaching (or hunting) is a horrible because if more and more whales keep dying from people killing them, krill and plankton will become over populated and will seriously effect the ecosystem and food chains. Also because very rare whales will die off and become extinct forever. Some whale hunters not only kill one or two whales within one journey, but tens of thousands. This can hurt the environment very badly, and it will not get any better if whale hunters keep going out and killing whales one by one. Abiotic and Biotic Factors in the Marine Biome The marine biome has billions of different organisms. Organisms are biotic, which means alive in some way. Plants and animals are an example of biotic factors. Abiotic means a object without life, meaning it is not alive. An example of a abiotic factor is a rock, temperature, soil, sand, water, ext. The photo below shows biotic and abiotic objects. Abotic in Photo- ◍◍ . sand . water . temperature . rocks Biotic in Photo~ . fish . coral . bacteria (unseen organisms) Food chains are a very important part of the marine biome ecosystem. If an animal becomes extinct from an important ecosystem the whole thing could become a disaster, and could seriously damage the environment of the animals. Food Chains
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