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The Great Gatsby
Transcript of The Great Gatsby
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Nick Carraway- narrator and moral voice of novel; reserves judgment on people, naive but becomes disillusioned by the East
Valley of Ashes
Eyes of Dr. TJ Eckleburg (blue eye and yellow glasses)
Why do you think this novel is called "The Great Gatsby" yet we don't meet him until chapter 3?
Wilson considered a "madman"
Catherine doesn't say anything about Tom and Myrtle
Daisy and Tom leave town
Gatz- found out his son was murdered in the paper / a proud, sad father
Wolfsheim doesn't want to be involved at all
Nick, Gatz, servants and the owl-eyed man are only attendees at Gatsby's funeral
Tom and Wilson and Gatsby (178)
Nick returns to the Midwest disillusioned
East and West Eggs, Long Island
- an arrogant and extremely wealthy man, went to Yale with Nick, married to Daisy, has a mistress Myrtle, racist and judgmental of everyone, including his wife, hypocritical when it comes to his relationship with Daisy,
"Supercilious manner," "body capable of enormous leverage - a cruel body," "Civilization's going to pieces" (13)
-Arguably as arrogant as her husband, charming and attractive, obviously knowledgeable about her husband's affairs yet seems embarrassed and incapable of addressing the subject, bored and unhappy with her life yet tries to hide it (evidence of this on page 14-15, expresses her hurt on 16, "We don't...")
-"What do people plan?" (11) "Beautiful little fool...everything's terrible now" (17)
20-"It seemed to me that the thing for Daisy to do was rush out of the house, child in arms - but apparently there were no such intentions in her head."
-Professional golfer, arrogant, comes from money as well, representative of a "flapper" lifestyle- unmarried and free to do as she pleases (Tom is annoyed by this -18)
-"We ought to plan something" (11) just as bored as Daisy
Seen standing by the water, his hand stretched out towards the green light on Daisy's dock, mysteriously vanishes
GREEN- looking into the past
-"Smoldering" woman, tacky and low class, loves Tom because he is rich and powerful. They don't hide their affair; "the fact that he had one was insisted upon wherever he was known" (24). Tom is arrogant and controlling even with her (28).
-Myrtle changes her clothes as easily as she changes her behavior; "It's just a crazy old thing...I just slip it on when I don't care what I look like" (31), speaks as if she is high class yet everything in the apartment is too ostentatious/tacky (furniture is too big, picture of Versailles) to fool us
-Lives in the Valley of Ashes
-Is taken advantage of by Tom financially and emotionally
-Myrtle seems to "look right through" him
-Is an example of how Tom treats people he thinks are lesser than himself; "He's so dumb he doesn't even know he's alive" (26).
Things get out of control quickly for Nick while in the company of Tom and Myrtle.
He drinks so much he cannot remember how he gets home.
32- Tom yawns while everyone is admiring Myrtle
-Reader learns about the lies Tom has been telling Myrtle about Daisy -page 33
-Obviously Myrtle is not someone that Tom would ever leave someone like Daisy for so he has to make up lies to keep both of them around.
We learn about the first time Myrtle met Tom and how truly desperate she is to have a materialistic life
"I was within and without, simultaneously enchanted and repelled by the inexhaustible variety of life" (35). As naive Nick is becoming more intoxicated the ridiculousness of the situation that he is in becomes almost like an out of body experience for him. He doesn't understand how he got himself into this situation with these strangers. In the apartment, everyone seems to lose themselves a little; Myrtle is desperate for this to be her reality instead of her fantasy and yells at Tom and Tom ends up losing control and hitting Myrtle.
Description of extreme wealth of Gatsby
The rich and superficial seem to gather at Gatsby's parties - no one ever knows their host and yet they eat and drink his food and alcohol and behave as if they were at an amusement park
Rules of society were openly scoffed at and when questioned about the host people become uncomfortable (only rumors)
Nick - awkward and uncomfortable until he spots Jordan (42)
(44) - Lie / rumor / speculation
Lucielle - (43) "He doesn't want trouble with anybody"
Discussion of the Owl-Eyed man
-"This fella's a regular Belasco!" (45)
Meeting is awkward and embarrassing to Nick
"old sport," "It was one of those rare smiles...", he wasn't drinking
Gatsby asks to speak to Jordan (50)
Alone, Nick watches as the party crumbles under the influence of alcohol and time (51), debauchery outside and in (53)
Nick and Jordan begin a romantic relationship symbolizing Nick's assimilation to the NY lifestyle (he doesn't seem to mind she is a bad person)
"Bad driver" metaphor (58)
Jordan's lies and personality become apparent and Nick's moral superiority is evident
Nick becomes friendly with Gatsby
Klipspringer, the boarder
Lunch with Gatsby and Wolfsheim
Gatsby's "past" is revealed to Nick
Wolfsheim-1919 World Series
Gatsby and Daisy's past is revealed
Daisy's wedding / Tom's first public affair
Gatsby's plan to win back Daisy is revealed
Nick understands why Jordan believes Gatsby lies about himself from the conversation they have on their way to lunch in the city.
He tells Nick he grew up in the "Middle West" or "San Francisco" and was "educated at Oxford" (65). He reaches into his pocket for his Oxford picture and Montenegro medal, almost forcing his story's authenticity.
Nick learns of Gatsby's elaborate plan to have Nick and Jordan meet to discuss his meeting with Daisy.
1917-met Daisy and fell in love
1917- Story is told from her
perspective about the time she saw Gatsby in the WHITE car with Daisy, then as her bridesmaid
-letter from Gatsby, end of Daisy's innocence, information about Tom's first affair in the papers
-"bought the house so that Daisy would be just across the bay" (78)
-"And Daisy ought to have something in her life" (79) -mirrors her statement "What do people plan?" (11) - Jordan knows Daisy should have
happiness in her life
Gatsby has been planning this meeting ever since he discovered Nick's proximity and relationship to Daisy; he is desperate to have a perfect reunion with her.
He "wants to see her right next door" so she can see his house and the wealth he has amassed. She obviously chose to marry Tom because Gatsby didn't have any money even though she loved him. He wants to show her that they can now be together.
Begins with Gatsby looking into windows, displaying the minute details of his planning for Daisy
Nick is slightly offended that Gatsby wants to pay him for arranging the meeting with Daisy and refuses Gatsby’s offers, but he still agrees to call Daisy and invite her to his house.
At first, Gatsby’s reunion with Daisy is terribly awkward. Gatsby knocks Nick’s clock over and tells Nick sorrowfully that the meeting was a mistake. After he leaves the two alone for half an hour, however, Nick returns to find them radiantly happy—Daisy shedding tears of joy and Gatsby glowing.
Gatsby tells Daisy about his long nights spent outside, staring at the green light at the end of her dock, dreaming about their future happiness.
Nick is concerned about the meeting; he wonders if Daisy can possibly live up to Gatsby’s vision of her. Gatsby seems to have idealized Daisy in his mind to the extent that the real Daisy, charming as she is, will almost certainly fail to live up to his expectations.
Gatsby’s reunion with Daisy is the hinge on which the novel swings.
Before this event, the story of their relationship exists only in prospect, as Gatsby moves toward a dream that no one else can discern. Afterward, the plot shifts its focus to the romance between Gatsby and Daisy, and the tensions in their relationship actualize themselves.
The theme of the past’s significance to the future is evoked
As the novel explores ideas of love, excess, and the American dream, it becomes clearer and clearer to the reader that Gatsby’s emotional frame is out of sync with the passage of time.
His nervousness about the present and about how Daisy’s attitude toward him may have changed causes him to knock over Nick’s clock, symbolizing the clumsiness of his attempt to stop time and retrieve the past.
James Gatz - History with Dan Codey
Gatsby’s party strikes Nick much more unfavorably this time around—he finds the revelry oppressive and notices that even Daisy has a bad time. Tom upsets her by telling her that Gatsby’s fortune comes from bootlegging.
Gatsby wants things to be exactly the same as they were before he left Louisville: he wants Daisy to leave Tom so that he can be with her. Nick reminds Gatsby that he cannot re-create the past.
Chapter 6 further explores the topic of social class as it relates to Gatsby. Nick’s description of Gatsby’s early life reveals the sensitivity to status that spurs Gatsby on. His humiliation at having to work as a janitor in college contrasts with the promise that he experiences when he meets Dan Cody, who represents the attainment of everything that Gatsby wants. Acutely aware of his poverty, the young Gatsby develops a powerful obsession with amassing wealth and status. Gatsby’s act of rechristening himself symbolizes his desire to jettison his lower-class identity and recast himself as the wealthy man he envisions.
Daisy is the epitome of everything that he invented “Jay Gatsby” to achieve. Gatsby’s conception of Daisy is itself a dream. He thinks of her as the sweet girl who loved him in Louisville, blinding himself to the reality that she would never desert her own class and background to be with him.
As is true throughout the book, Gatsby’s power to make his dreams real is what makes him “great.”
It becomes clear that his most powerfully realized dream is his own identity, his sense of self.
-The Decline of the American Dream in the 1920s
-The Hollowness of the Upper Class / Class System
Preoccupied by his love for Daisy, Gatsby calls off his parties
He also fires his servants to prevent gossip and replaces them with shady individuals connected to Wolfshiem
In the city, the conflict between Tom and Gatsby is brought into the open-heat
Tom concludes the scene as the victor and as Nick leaves their house he leaves Gatsby physically and emotionally in the cold
Tom, Jordan, Nick - Yellow Car to the city
Daisy and Gatsby - Blue Car to the city
Tom, Jordan Nick - Blue car home to LI
Daisy and Gatsby - Yellow car/hitting Myrtle
Nick notes the similarity between Tom and Wilson's marriage situations
The importance of time and the past manifests itself in the confrontation between Gatsby and Tom. Gatsby needs to know that she has always loved him, that she has always been emotionally loyal to him.
Tom invokes their intimate personal history to remind her that she has had feelings for him; by controlling the past, Tom eradicates Gatsby’s vision of the future.
Tom feels secure enough to send Daisy back to East Egg with Gatsby confirming Nick’s observation that Gatsby’s dream is truly dead.
Gatsby's house, flashback to Wilson's garage
Gatsby leaves Daisy's house disillusioned. Tells Nick how he met Daisy and why he fell in love with her (148-9, 151).
Nick doesn't think Daisy ever truly loved Gatsby. He tries to stay as long as he can but he has to go to work (154).
Flashback to the night before and Wilson (156). Wilson leaves the garage at 6am and begins walking to West Egg determined to find his wife's murderer. Gatsby goes to pool - killed at 2pm, Wilson just after.