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Unit 12: Current Issues in Sport

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Stuart Fort

on 21 September 2015

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Transcript of Unit 12: Current Issues in Sport

Influence of public schools
For example different schools had different rules for the sports. The sports that were mainly played in schools were rugby, cricket, tennis and football. For the more wealthy schools they had more money to invest in playing fields. This gave them an advantage when it came to matches because they had more space to practice for longer. The rules that they had were to ensure that no one cheated when playing. Eventually all of the rules that the schools had were put together to make the rules that are used in modern sports. These rules were then given around the country so each school and team had to play by the rules instead of using their own rules.
In your position within the Yout Department of the football club you have been asked to present at a Football Association conference on how football has developed.

This presentation will be based on your experience, knowledge and performance gained from being an elite performer.

You are expected to research the history and development of football and its organisation within the UK
The 20th century

The last century made Britain become bigger, with the First World War, then the depression. This was followed by the Second World War. Between the two wars people started to enjoy themselves. This was helped by the big sporting events such as FA cup finals, the Oxford and Cambridge Boat race and Wimbledon. This gave sports a chance to become popular in Britain. The FA cup finals, the boat race and Wimbledon gave people a chance to go and watch these events, this meant that they could start to understand and develop their own abilities to make themselves better.

A history of sport
Influence of public schools
Public schools began because people outside rich households needed to be educated. The children who went to these schools were mainly people who were in middle class or upper class. This was because they could afford to go to school where as the lower classes wouldn’t have had the money to pay for their children to go school. In the 19th century the school system started to grow. This meant that sports started to grow in schools.
The influence of the industrial revolution
The development of sport in the UK
Unit 12: Current Issues in Sport
The development of football

Assignment criteria

the development and organisation of a selected sport in the UK


the development and organisation of a selected sport in the UK
For this assignment you need to submit a presentation with accompanying notes produced using a suitable ICT package
Football during the industrial revolution
The industrial revolution started to grow in the 19th century. During this time life was hard because the conditions that people had to work in were very cramped, the conditions were also unsanitary during this time, this means that there wasn’t a lot of space to work in. The work that was done was physically demanding. This was because the work that was mostly done was mining, weaving, factory work and working on building sites.

People who worked during this time were not allowed much time off, they also didn’t have any extra pay for people who used it for sport of extra activities. There were less sporting opportunities in cities, this is because there wasn’t enough space to play sports in. The working class were the main spectators in sports. The main sports they watched were boxing, rowing and wrestling. Most of the sports at this time had gambling associated with them, blood sports were also introduced at this time. For example dog-fighting was introduced.

Effects of the industrial revolution
There were also sports which only the rich people could afford to play. These sports included hunting, horse riding and shooting. The people who could afford these sports mainly got their money from trading or owning lots of land. These upper-class people had more leisure time, this meant that they had more time to do sports which they enjoyed. Their leisure time also allowed them to try new things such as dancing and stage plays.
Sport for the rich
Worldwide trading helped different sports transport around the world. For example sports that were played in Britain could get exported to different countries via traders and colonists. These sports could get exported to other countries such as the Caribbean, India and Australia. A sport that was exported to different countries was cricket. This was because people from Britain went to the different countries and they might have started to teach people about cricket.
A way that the sports were able to be exported around the country was by trains being used to transport different teams to different places. For example a football team in London could have been able to transport to Manchester to play their team in a football match.

The development of sport
Public schools helped the development of football because at the start each school had their own rules. But by 1800’s the schools put their rules together to make sure that each team were playing by the same rules. This meant that the game was fairer.
Football in public schools

There are different types of sports for the different classes. For example the lower class would play football or rugby, another example is the middle class would start swimming, whereas the upper class would do sports that were more expensive such as horse riding. They started to promote rationalisation to encourage sports that were more organised, structure. This meant that sports were more organised so everyone knew what they were doing instead of making it up as they went along.
This had opposition because the working class preferred sports such as bare-knuckle fighting, they also enjoyed drinking and gambling. The working class also enjoyed blood sports.

The motives for “rational recreation” are that:
1. The sports make people healthier, this mad them more physical and spiritually.
2. The sports and leisure activities help the workers to forget about work and relax for a while.
3. Another motive was to compensate them from their physical labour that they have been doing throughout the day
4. It helped them to get fresh air instead of being stuck in the poor working conditions.

If you wanted to play football at this period of time you would have had to go to a local park because not many stadiums were built at this time. This meant that people who lived in the city wouldn’t have as much space to play sports in, whereas people who lived in the country side had lots of space to play sports in.
The schools at this time would have had different rules for the sports that they did. For example some schools could have had 8 players in a football match, where as another school could have had 11 players. Another example of a rule change could have been that some schools only play a 60 minute match, where as another school might have played 85 minutes depending on their fitness levels.

After a while of these rules, the governing bodies which were formed decided which rules to stick to when playing sports. For example the governing body decided that football will be played for 90 minutes. The governing body also made that when two teams play each other they need different coloured tops.

Once the Second World War finished the conditions for the working class improved. This was done by the working hours becoming shorter than what they were. This meant that the working class had more leisure time to do sports. Another improvement was that the wages of the workers also got increased, this meant that they had more money to invest in sports or looking after their families better. The extra leisure time that each worker got was soon filled by amusements and entertainment. This also meant that some sports matches were using a more commercial approach to let people know about the different sports that they could play. This also meant that the working class also got more opportunities to play and watch sports, for example the working class got more time to watch or play sports such as football, cricket and golf and this was because stadiums were built.

Better working conditions

The two wars had a big impact on society. These impacts were not all bad. Some examples of good ones were:
1. New technology was created.
2. Everyone wanted to enjoy themselves more, for example spend more time doing new things like playing sport.
3. The new sports helped people to get competitive between each other but feel safe while they were doing this because of the new rules that were used.
4. Another advantage was that it helped people to become re-united with each other.
5. Sports also gave people a national pride and determination, this meant that they could have had a chance to represent their nation in a sport.
Another big advantage was that women were starting to be able to participate in sports. This meant that women started to be able to get more opportunities in sports.

Influence of war
Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Central Council for Physical recreation
UK Sport
Sport England
Football Association
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