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Gothic Literature

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by

Kristen Baker

on 7 September 2015

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Transcript of Gothic Literature

Gothic Literature
By Kristen Baker
Gothic literature is a genre combined by many different sub genres.
The main 3 sub genres are Horror, Romanticism and fiction. However most Gothic literature includes big themes in the unknown, asking questions about morality and subjects that mankind cannot control; madness, supernatural, love, death, etc.
Definition of Gothic Literature
Gothic Conventions
Settings
Characters
Themes/Motifs
1847
1764
1845
1818
1777
1794
1796
1818
1846
1817
Gothic's settings practically monopolize the scene for dark and gloomy.
A main feature of the majority of Gothic settings is being isolated.
Isolation is used in Gothic literature because it gives the feeling of vulnerability that adds to the feeling terror the author most likely wants to imply.

The Main Character
The main character is almost always the protagonist who is usually facing a moral delehma.
They feel conflicted about the decision they have to make in the near future and whether they are doing the right thing or not and sometimes it is the reader's job to worry for them.
They also usually have a love interest who has caused some sort of emotional or physical suffering or trials
The Count
Most often the main antagonist in the novel. The count is often a tyrant who kills someone else who was weaker for personal gain.
They are sometimes charming and are investigated by the protagonist.
Innocent Damsel
A respectable and innocent female that usually has some sort of relation to a noble person.
Always the main love interest of the hero. When physically threatened can only be saved by someone else intervening
1871
1886
1897
The Castle of Oranto
Written by Horace Walpole
The castle of oranto was the first novel that was classified as a 'gothic novel' this was classified as a gothic novel for its combination of horror and romanticism that was so unlike any other genre that was around
The Monk: A romance
Written by Mathew Lewis
The monk: A romance is about a monk that does a string of misdeeds that were sacred during that including adultery, lying and other sins.
This book would have forced people to look towards priests and monks in a way that they felt uncomfortable and afraid with.
The Mysteries of Udolpho
Written by Ann Radcliffe
Northanger Abbey
Written by Jane Austen
Written by Clara Reeve

The old English Baron
Frankenstein
Written by Mary Shelley

The Vampyre
Written by John William Polidori

The raven
Written by Edgar Allen Poe
Jane Eyre
Written by Charlotte Bronte
Carmilla

Written by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu’s
First mentioning of a female vampire. Carmilla the novel heavily influenced the novel Dracula though Carmilla is less known than Dracula she plays the part of a female vampire who feeds on females in the form of a cat and becomes romantically involved with the main female protagonist.
Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Written by Robert Louis Stevenson's
Dracula
Written by Bram Stroker
Salem's lot
Written by Stephen King
1975
Vincent
1982
Written by Tim Burton
1994
nightmare before christmas
Directed by Tim Burton
Sleeping hollow
Directed by Tim Burton
1999
Plot Structure
Originally known as 'The Champion of Virtue' when published in 1777 anonymously was republished as 'The old English baron' with the author's name present. The setting is in a castle with fights between good and evil and a constant motif of mystery and horror.
This Gothic novel is important in the shaping of Gothic literature because it emphasizes the supernatural element and created a completely new technique of 'the explained supernatural' meaning that seemingly normal events have a supernatural cause. This is a really powerful technique because it makes the reader question the actions that occur around them in a scary new way
A novel is about a girl who loves Gothic literature and constantly compares her life to other Gothic novels through out the story. She moves into a castle that she assumes to have a tortured past but in the end turns out to be a series of misunderstanding.
The novel is iconic in the creation of Gothic literature because it mocks the technique of 'the explained supernatural' by giving them reasonable causes.
A novel that asks the question of what makes a monster a monster and what makes a human a human and at what point do the two blur. The novel also begins the discussion of science verses religion even though it does not directly challenge it it does provoke the question after its release
A short story first mentioning a fictional vampire involving Gothic literature and included the first stereotype of vampire's tendency to be involved with damsels in distress.
An iconic poem that uses repetition and rhyming to create dramatic tension along with the themes of loss and eternal torture.
In the poem it seems that the raven tapping is the constant and when Edgar Allen Poe includes thoughts about the character's dead wife the tapping and the thoughts seem to symbolize the same thing and that is why the character is driven insane by the tapping because he is driven insane by his dead wife.
A complex novel about a girl who runs away from a man she loves after finding out he has a crazy wife in his attic but then later returns to the husband after the wife has killed herself and burnt down the house.
This is an important Gothic story because it includes a character who feels conflicted about what is morally correct.
The first direct theme of science vs religion about a situation where science will go too far and create a monster.
A Gothic novel that brought back and modernized the classic evil vampire to society that no longer empathized with the old vampire Gothic horror genre.
A poem about a boy who thinks thoughts about death, Gothic literature and believed that he had a dead wife who was haunting him the poem also showed its Gothic literature did this by referencing 'The Raven' By Edgar Allen Poe
A movie about a living skeleton who wants to improve Christmas by incorporating scary and terrifying presents to bring joy to children.
the Character
A movie that includes supernatural themes and an forensic investigator who uses unique investigation methods such as finger prints to track down a headless horseman who is killing people.
Sweeney Todd
This novel created the stereotypical Transylvanian Count that would steal away damsels and live in a dark castle. This novel was important in Gothic literature because it fed on the fear of a foreigner being a monster, whether it was a literal vampire or someone with different traditions.
Gothic Literature Timeline
The String of Pearls: A Romance is the title of a fictional story first published as a penny dreadful serial from 1846–47. The main antagonist of the story is the infamous Sweeney Todd, "the Demon Barber of Fleet Street," who here makes his literary debut.
Sweeney Todd is a barber that slits the throats of his customers and then disposes the bodies by giving them to Mrs Lovett who bakes them into pies and sells them to unsuspecting
One of the main themes of Gothic literature is the unknown. A big chunk of Gothic literature is Gothic horror and since Gothic horror's main point is to scare people it only makes sense for Gothic literature to be based on the fear that there is something lurking outside that is dangerous.
Bibliography
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothic_fiction#Elements_of_Gothic_fiction
http://study.com/academy/lesson/gothic-novels-characteristics-examples.html
http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/janeeyre/
www.poetryfoundation.org
Frankenstien by Mary Shelley
Alana Attwood's '1. Gothic Literature Conventions - Presentations
Alana Attwood's '1. Gothic Literature Timeline - Presentation
resources.mhs.vic.edu.au/creating/pages/origins.htm
http://www.bbc.co.uk/timelines/zyp72hv#zqdgr82
I got some of my information These two videos
A very common Motif in Gothic Literature is Death.
Death is usually shown by a murder but death is usually brought up or shown in some way. whether it is a literal death or thoughts about the afterlife, death is usually shown repeatedly in novels to incite emotions in reader
Another common Gothic setting trait is decay.
Decay is used so that it implies that the place is broken down, dying and should not be inhibited.
The most common Gothic setting are Castles that are remote, old, dark and gloomy.
Basic plot structure
The basic plot structure is used often in Gothic literature follows the same basic rules most novels follow; there is a begining and then there is a problem that creates rising action which results in a climax where everything is happening. Falling action occurs where the story usually works itself out and then we come to a resolution and finally finishes.
Multiple Story
This involves stories within stories usually from different perspectives in the form of letters, secret journals or first person narration.
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