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Transcript of Transportation
Transportation has been going on for years.
Many ways to travel; trains, planes or automobiles.
Transportation for people
-government spends over 7 billion dollars on the construction, maintenance and administration
good at moving lots of cargo for a cheap price.
transports many bulk cargoes like coal, grain, wood and oil.
Challenges and Issues: Transporting Oil by Rail or Pipeline
Advantages of Transporting by Rail
more flexible than pipeline
faster to build tracks then pipelines
carried by 120 cars that's 1.2 miles long each and each car carries 762 barrels of oil
suited to carry light cargo
Ice Roads: built in the Tundra over frozen land and frozen water and are made out of ice, snow and soil.
Current Events of Transportation
greatly increased use of air transportation
least common way of transportation
fastest way of transportation
not very reliable
best suited to transport low value, bulky cargo
transports grain, iron, coal, oil, fuel, lumber, cement and sand
Transportation for people
-60 million flew into or out of canada in 2004
-Canada has 330 certified airports
- only 26 major international airports
transports gases, liquids and solids that have been crushed and mixed with water
mainly moved crude oil and natural gas
Canada's transportation system has more than 1,400,000km of roads.
10 major airports and 300 smaller airports.
72,093km of railway.
We transport about 50,000 tonnes of coal to 100kg of live lobsters, even human organs.
- only used for less than 1000 km trips
Disadvantages of Transporting by Rail
more expensive than pipelines
greater risk of oil spills
carries less oil than pipelines
-buses take 1 billion people into Canada a year
Advantages of Transporting by Pipelines
Transportation will face more and new challenges.
Develop new things every day.
Transport new food and people.
Make the world a better place!!!!
- Trains are fast and more reliable
- traveling in trains is not common anymore because cars are cheaper
Current events continued-
Its very expensive to transport oil by train
Carrying oil on trains is the most unsafe way to transport.
By 2025 Ontario could benefit 3.6 billion dollars from electric cars.
Disadvantages of Transporting by Pipeline
-First settlers ventured only to places that access to boats and water
-canoes were the primary mode of transportation on the nations lakes&rivers
- Railways have always been important to canada
-the first railways line in canada was in 1836
most efficient way of transporting oil
moves 2.5 million barrels a day
912 million barrels are moved in a year
pipelines cause lots of leaks
leaks are hard to spot when pipelines are underground
every 200 000L of oil only 1L spills
Current events continued again
Bio diesel is bad to put in your car because it deteriorates.
Canada's the 10Th largest auto producer in the world.
Producing 2.1 million cars a year.
- 1972 approximately 7,350 hectares of land, encompassing the municipalities of Pickering, Markham& uxbridge, were exposed by tyhe government at a cost of 120 billion $
History of the canadian pacific railways
- built between 1881-1885
- the chinese and other european immigrants worked on the railways and only got paid small amounts of money for example 0.75$-2.50$
-during ww1 the cpr put the entire resources onto the british empire
- the government made up the idea so they had to follow through
Question # 3
Which is the more expensive way to transport oil?
1. Which way of transporting goods is least common?
a) By rail
Is Canada the 9Th largest auto producer in the world? (true/False)
2. What is the most efficient way of transporting crude oil?
when was the canadian pacific railways built?
how much money did the government pay for road travel?
b) 6 million
c) over 7 billion