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Green construction and architecture

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Annie Novak

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Green construction and architecture

Why Go Green?
Green construction reduces air pollution, water pollution and water conservation, and landfill waste.Green buildings and design is the opportunity to use our resources more efficiently, while creating healthier and more energy-efficient homes.

Type of Green Architecture and Construction
Green Architecture in the Chicago Area
Effects on Ecosystems
All possible measures are to be taken to relate the form and plan of the design to the site, the region, and the climate. Measures are to be taken to heal and augment the ecology of the site. Accommodations are to be made for recycling and energy efficiency. Measures are to be taken to relate the form of building to a harmonious relationship between the inhabitants and nature.

The Big Picture
Green Buildings and LEED Certified buildings are all around us, we just dont notice it!
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design(LEED) is a set of rating systems for the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of green buildings, homes and neighborhoods
Green construction and architecture
Other LEED, Green Roof, and Eco Friendly Buildings in Chicago
The main goal is ZERO energy. Green buildings effect the ecosystems by helping reduce the amount of pollutants that buildings produce, limiting harmful manufacturing of the materials needed to construct the structures, and the recycling of many materials used. All green buildings are constructed for the sole purpose of reducing the energy requirements to run the building. They use on site renewable energy for power and/or off site if they have to.

The goal of Green constructions is to create a green way of life. We achieve this goal in LEED certified buildings, net zero buildings, green roofs, and much much more.This is all done for a bigger, better, and green world.
Kipnis Architecture Firm
Rada Architecture Firm
Projects of Kipnis
Projects of Rada
Environmental Benefits
Social Benefits
Economic Benefits
Enhance and protect biodiversity and ecosystems
Improve air and water quality
Reduce waste streams
Conserve and restore natural resources
Reduce operating costs
Create, expand, and shape markets for green product and services
Improve occupant productivity
Optimize life-cycle economic performance

Enhance occupant comfort and health
Heighten aesthetic qualities
Minimize strain on local infrastructure
Improve overall quality of life

On Site Renewable Energy
Architectural Benefits
Green Roofs
The Cost of Green Construction, Architecture, and Reconstruction
Design Process
Common Materials Used
Orienting the House for Energy Savings

Get to know the site
WOrks Cited:

Reduced waste
Reduced energy bills
Environmental benefits
Reduced emissions
Cleaner air
Main goal is to reduce environmental impact (duh)
Takes advantage of the free naturally occurring assets available, such as passive solar orientation, natural ventilation, day lighting, thermal mass, and night time cooling.
Photovoltaic energy cells have a higher reliability through storms and are shown to last for 25 years
Net zero energy buildings negate and comply to all future legislative requirements for energy efficiency
Making the most of a site's solar potential is step one in the design process, coming even before any aesthetic sketches are developed. Orienting a building toward the sun, specifying the size and type of windows, and balancing light and thermal mass are all elements of passive solar design. Unlike solar hot-water systems or photovoltaic panels, which are active or mechanically controlled solar components, passive solar design relies on nothing more than good planning and design to help make the building more energy self-sufficient.

Begin the design process by spending time on the site. Feel the way the environment works. Every place has its own micro climate. As much as climate data will help in the macro design, the relationship in the southern sky, the available breezes, the existing vegetation, and the side of a slope the house is to be built on all create a zone that will affect the performance of a passive solar home. Use basic geometry to determine the angle of the winter sun. Is it blocked by existing trees? Do the winds wrap around a hill and hit the house from a different angle than the prevailing direction? Mature trees in the immediate vicinity can reduce the actual temperature around the house by 15°F in summer. There are not elements that will be analyzed by computer software, but they affect the quality of life in a house built on that spot.

Every building has some passive solar potential. South-facing windows should be considered early in the design process so they can be integrated into the overall architecture of the house. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the biggest mistake in designing passive solar houses was to include too many south-facing windows. Entire walls of glass cooked homeowners during the summer. Now, with better insulation in exterior walls, successive passive solar designs need many fewer windows the equivalent of between 8% and 12% of the floor area in rooms with south-facing windows. That translates to only two or three additional windows on the south side of the house to increase comfort and energy efficiency.

There's another advantage: more daylight means less reliance on electric lights. In a house with sensible solar orientation, it may be possible to keep the lights completely turned off during the day and still see perfectly well. Besides, dogs and cats love nothing better than a patch of sunshine.

certified wood
wall panels
composing system
solid waste management
access control locks
rainscreen system
heat pumps
transformerless inverters

Five Principles of Sustainable Architecture
Healthful interior environment

All possible measures are to be taken to ensure that materials and building systems do not emit toxic substances and gases into the interior atmosphere. Additional measures are to be taken to clean and revitalize interior air with filtration and plantings.

Resource Efficiency

All possible measures are to be taken to ensure that the building's use of energy and other resources is minimal. Cooling, heating, and lighting systems are to use methods and products that conserve or eliminate energy use. Water use and the production of wastewater are minimized.

Ecologically Benign Materials

All possible measures are to be taken to use building materials and products that minimize destruction of the global environment. Wood is to be selected based on non-destructive forestry practices. Other materials and products are to be considered based on the toxic waste output of production. Many practitioners cite an additional criterion: that the long-term environmental and societal costs to produce the building's materials must be considered and prove in keeping with sustainability goals.

All possible measures are to be taken to relate the form and plan of the design to the site, the region, and the climate. Measures are to be taken to heal and augment the ecology of the site. Accommodations are to be made for recycling and energy efficiency. Measures are to be taken to relate the form of building to a harmonious relationship between the inhabitants and nature.

Good Design

All possible measures are to be taken to achieve an efficient, long-lasting, and elegant relationship of area use, circulation, building form, mechanical systems, and construction technology. Symbolic relationships with appropriate history, the Earth, and spiritual principles are to be searched for and expressed. Finished buildings shall be well built, easy to use, and beautiful.
Sustainable, or "green building," design and construction provide an opportunity to use resources more efficiently, while creating healthier and more energy-efficient homes and commercial buildings. Successful green buildings leave a lighter footprint on the environment through conservation of resources, while at the same time balancing energy-efficient, cost-effective, low-maintenance products for construction needs. In other words, green-building design involves finding the delicate balance between homebuilding and a sustainable environment.

In Conclusion
Pepper Construction Co.
Since 2002 Pepper has been serving the Green Construction industry throughout the Midwest

Pepper Green Teams have completed & helped certify 42 LEED projects & are in the process of completing 28 more
Northwestern University Searle Hall
This LEED Gold Certified project reduced energy consumption by 25% and water consumption by 52%. The sustainable features include a 13,839 gallon rain-water catchment system for landscape irrigation and a solar awning system.
The Woodlands Academy of Science
Solar panels were installed on the roof of the addition to provide on-site renewable energy. These panels are monitored by computers and the energy output is displayed in the hallways for the students to see. Some of the items used in construction include recycled and reclaimed concrete masonry units (CMU), recycled steel, FSC Certified Lumber and Greenguard-approved flooring products.
Victory Center of Chicago
Senior Living
This LEED Silver Certified, five-story, independent living facility includes 72 apartment units that have a full kitchen and living room. The project also meets teh Chicago Green Homes Program credit requirements. Sustainable strategies inlclude heat recovery system, native landscaping and solar hot water heating. The project also utilized renewable material, low-emitting materials, interior air quality standards and construction waste recycling.
Renewable energy is derived from sun, wind, water, or the Earth's core. It also can be derived from biomass—or plant matter—which is grown, harvested, and transferred into energy by one of a number of processes
A green roof or living roof is a roof of a building that is partially or completely covered with vegetation and a growing medium, planted over a waterproofing membrane. It may also include additional layers such as a root barrier and drainage and irrigation systems. Container gardens on roofs, where plants are maintained in pots, are not generally considered to be true green roofs, although this is debated. Rooftop ponds are another form of green roofs which are used to treat greywater.

Terminal 5 Retail Master Planning
Terminal 5, O'Hare International Airport, Chicago, Illinois
Ohair Int. AIrport

Ford Calumet Ecology Center Competition
Chicago, Illinois

Core 3 Creative Offices
417-21 N Ashland, Chicago, IL
417 N AShland Ave.

Fashion Outlet of Chicago, Rosement, IL

City Hall Chicago
121 N. La Salle St

Trump Plaza Chicago
401 N. Wabash

Teng & Associates
111 West Wacker Drive

Willage Green
185 N. Wabash

Green Roofs

Chicago Center for green Tech
445 N. Sacramento BLVD

11S Wacker Dr Office BUildings

Park Huron Appt.
469 W. Huron St.

ABN Amro Clearing
400 S. La Salle St.

LEED Buildings
Chicago, IL
400 E. Randolph ST

Illinois Center Tenant Office
Chicago, IL
111 E. Wacker

Clybourn Point Mixed-Use Development
Chicago, IL

Green building skeptics sometimes argue that it's difficult or even impossible to build green without paying a big cost premium. But real-world examples show that you can complete a LEED-certified green building project for an average of 2 percent more in upfront costs, and sometimes even below standard market construction costs. Plus, any extra first costs you pay can be recovered through faster lease-up rates, rental premiums and increased market valuation. And by making experienced green building professionals a part of your team and learning to control costs, you can escape paying any green premium at all as early as your second green building project.

Environmental Form
“High design, Low carbon”
Nathan Kipnis got involved in green architecture when the Arab-Israeli war broke out in the middle east and the Green revolution at home, here in the USA.
Being Green means:
Make your life energy efficient. Use roof pannels that collect water, use passive solar energy, insulation, To be green is to do as many of the above as you can.
Materials Used the most in the firms constructions and designs:

Cement fiber board (cement and waste wood)
Pultruded fiberglass Bamboo, reclaimed barn wood
To be LEED Certified, means to pass an exam establishing knowledge of LEED protocols, points s cored to receive certification, and understanding the 5 principals of LEED.
1 LEED certified project, which was the second one in the state of IL ever constructed with the highest level you can achieve (platinum)
Kipnis Arch loves
to make green architecture fun. Nate often incorporates the sun in every project.
Phone conference call with Nate Kipnis
In reality its not about the sustainability or whether or not its POSSIBLE, Its all very possible. In the US its all about the $$. But one day we will be FORCED to change our ways of living. One day we will all be living in smart homes. One day the environment WILL turn on us. And when this happens... We wont be ready.
In Office Interview with Aram Garbooshian
"To provide a sensible approach to sustainability"
Aram got into green architecture and design in his undergrad courses of the history of architecture. Being a green firm means a sense of education and responsibility. To embrace the change and not dwell.
"Ancient civilizations used water and sun as their #1 design concept. Some how we managed to loose that knowledge"
"The sun is the best element to green architecture there is. I incorporate the sun as much as I can." (prisms that present rainbows at certain times of day on specific dates. ie: Birthdays)
"Ideas start the whole process. If you can explain it in one sentence, then you understand it."
"No nonsense. Simple is better!"
"Public transportation is key to a good site. Renovations are greener then a ground up project."
Both firms agree that the technology of "Smart homes" will be the new wave in green architecture and design. But we need to look beyond LEED as a whole. Who ever is first in the race for a more advanced and energy efficient solar panel will own the world. Bamboo will be more common. The USA IS far behind in the race for green technology.
"If importing materials in the long run has a bigger impact, then go for it!"
"Cradle to Cradle products"
- leads to the creation of innovative products that redefine quality and beauty.
Chicago State, LEED silver
Many green designs and buildings are innovated and constructed, but not LEED certified for how much it costs to certify.
Effects on Individual/Household
Better air quality both inside and outside
Long term money savings
Photovoltaic cells have a higher reliability through storms and a longer life span
Better overall health
Effects on Community
Effects on Local Environment
Revenue production
Public attention
Cleaner air within the community
Better example set
Lower emissions
Cleaner air
Takes advantage of naturally given renewable resources
Higher housing market morale
Less waste
Less in landfills
Aesthetically pleasing buildings
Chicago City Hall
Trump Tower
Illinois Center Tenant Office
Beacon of Light
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