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A short history of the Piano

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Olana Bero Bedada

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of A short history of the Piano

The Piano Background Information The Piano is a musical instrument categorised within the chordophone section in the Hornborstel-Sachs classification system.
It was invented by an Italian musicmaker with the name 'Bartolomeo Cristofori' .
The original name is 'Pianoforte. The meaning of Piano being 'Quiet' and Forte being 'Loud'.
This is because it is referring to the quiet and loud noises Piano(forte)'s can play. Insight in History The history of piano is very vomplicated and very simple in different ways. It is very complicated due to the fact we don't know who made the first piano, as we predict it was around the Middle ages. What is very simple is that the Modern Piano's inventor is Bartolomeo Cristofori. He was credited for founding the Piano. He used his skills from previous encounters with the Harpsichord, and alternated it so the Piano would be a combination of loudness and control in addition to better dynamic response. We also know that he created the first Modern Piano around 1690's to 1720's. There are still 3 surviving Piano's built by Bartolomeo Cristofori. The 3 of them date back from 1720, 1722 and 1726. The oldest can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The one originating from 1722 can be found in the Museo Nazionale degli Strumenti Musicali in Rome. The last Piano originating from 1726 can be found in the Musikinstrumenten-Museum of Leipzig University. Bibliography http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano
















http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harpsichord#History Parts of the Piano-Grand Piano Parts of the Piano-Upright Piano The Piano makes sound because of a series of reaction's. When the key is hit, the key elevates the wippen, which pushes the jack against the hammer roller (knuckle). The Hammer roller elevates the the lever carrying the hammer. The key also heightens the damper and simultaneously after the hammer hits the wire, it falls back letting the wire to reverberate. When the key is unconstrained, the damper lands on the strings, stopping the wire from pulsating. The pulsating piano strings aren't loud, but their vibrations are transmitted to a large soundboard that moves air and this in return converts the energy to sound. The irregular shape and uneven placement of the bridge guarantees that the soundboard reverberates strongly at all frequencies. History of the Piano In these next few slides, I will explain about the history of the piano and what it evolved from and what made the successor different from it's predecessor. Dulcimer The Hammered Dulcimer is a musical instrument categorised in the Chordophone family in Hornborstel-Sachs categorisation as it makes sound by vibrating the strings using the hammers. The Dulcimer is a closed, thin box on which the elongated wires are hit with two small hammers. The literal meaning of 'Dulcimer' in Graeco-Roman is 'Sweet song' as the word 'Dulcis' translates from Latin to English as 'Sweet' and the word 'melos' translates from Greek to English as 'Song'. The Dulcimer is the father of the Clavichord. It descends from the musical instrument 'Psaltry'. Psaltery The Psaltery is a musical instrument categorised in the Zither family in the Hornborstel-Sachs classification as it is pluck with your fingers. It originates from Ancient Greece. The word 'Psaltery' comes from the Greek words 'Psaltērion' meaning a 'Stringed instrument, psaltery, harp' and the word 'Psallō' meaning 'to play a stringed instrument with the fingers, and not with the plectrum'. The Psaltry is the father of the Dulcimer. Clavichord The Clavichord is a musical instrument categorised within the Chordophone family of the Hornborstel-Sachs classification as it makes sound by hitting bass or iron strings with metal blades. The Clavichord is a keyboard alike instrument which makes sound by beating the bass or iron string with metal blades named 'Tangents'. The name descends from th Latin and Greek words 'Clavis' and 'Chorda' which mean nail string, as in the strings are made up of iron. The Clavichord descends from the Dulcimer. It s the father of the Harpsichord. Harpsichord The Harpsichord is a musical instrument categorised in the Chordophone family in Hornborstel-Sachs categorisation as it makes sound by plucking a string when a key is pressed. The Harpsichord was most likely invented during the period of the Middle Ages. It was an extremely popular instrument, especially around the Rennaissance period. It suddenly started fading away during the late 18th Century. There was another rival/competitor. The opponent was the more popular, louder and softer Piano(forte). The Harpsichord is the descendant of the Clavichord. It is the father of the Piano. Many ideas of the Harpsichord were implemented to the Piano. How the Piano makes sound The Genres of Music that suit the Piano There are many genres in Music. Too many to be listed even. But only a few of those genres suit the Piano. The most popular of these is Classical. Pianists usually play Classical Music. Many famous composers chose to play Classical music for instance, Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and etc. But most people who play the Piano decide to play Classical, Rock, Jazz, Gospel or Ragtime. These are the most popular genres for the Piano Conclusion In Conclusion, I believe the Piano is a historical masterpiece. The Piano has been used for most pieces of music. Without the Piano, famous composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig Beethoven, Johann Sebastian Bach and etc. would have never been heard of, as well as their music. This world of Music would've been completely different had we not heard of an instrument like the Piano. Eine Kleine Nachtmusik by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Rondo Alla Turca by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Beginners Guide for the Piano More Advanced beginners guide on the Piano How the Piano is Made Für Elise by Ludwig van Beethoven Brandenburg Concerto No.3 by Johann Sebastian Bach Pioneers of the Piano There have been many Pianists in history; some of near no talent, and some who have revolutionised the way we think and we play the Piano. Worthy mentioners are Bach, Mozart and Beethoven. They revolutionised how the piano was played and how many octaves there were. For example, during the pre-Mozart era, the piano had 5 octaves, during the post-Mozart era, the piano had 7 and 1/3 octaves or more. Beethoven revolutionised how many octaves we used. In 1790, it was 5 octaves, 1810, 6 octaves and by 1820, 7 octaves.
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