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Persia Autopsy

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Maggie Laird

on 14 October 2016

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Transcript of Persia Autopsy

Significant Leaders and Accomplishments
Cyrus the Great: founded Achaemenid Empire
Cambyses II: conquered Egypt
Darius I: standard weights/measurements, satrapies, religious tolerance, expansion, grand palaces
Xerxes I: defeated Greeks in the Battle of Thermopylae
Achaemenid Empire
Head
Parthian Empire
Arasces: founded Parthian Empire
Mithradates: drove Seleucids from power

Sassanid Empire
Ardashir I: founded Sasanian Empire
Shapur I: defeated Roman army at Edessa
Khosrow II: conquered Syria, Egypt, and parts of Anatolia
Pen: Literature
Legs: Labor Systems
Heart: Religious Beliefs
Achaemenid/Parthian: Zoroastrianism and Babylonian
Sassanid: Zoroastrianism declared official religion, others prosecuted.
Decline of the Achaemenid Empire
Persian taxes became heavier and more oppressive
Crop production decreased
decrease in scientific advancements
Alexander the Great invaded Persia and toppled the dynasty in 332 CE

Decline of the Parthian Empire
last pre-Islamic Persian dynasty of kings
defeated in war in 114 CE
130-105 BCE invasions from nomadic tribes, empire weakened
162-66 BCE economic instability due to war, Parthian rule held only in Mesopotamia
Ardashir I kills Parthian king and begins the Sassanid Empire

Decline of Sassanid Empire
rise of Islam
conflicts with Rome
loss of territories weakened the empire
lasted until 651 CE when it was overthrown by the Arab Caliphate.
commanders' lust for power
revolt by peasants

High literature: intended to entertain nobility and educated
Ex- Epics (Shahnameh)
Folk literature: Entertained lower class
Ex- simple poetry or storytelling
Learned literature: technical writing by upper class
Ex- Sasanian Law book: Datastan namak
Hands: Art, Architecture, and Tech Advances
Achaemenid:
Architecture: large scale planning, grand tombs, palaces, etc.
Art: Frescos
Tech: medical advances.
Parthian:
Architecture: monumental scale. Greek influence.
Art: Based on cultural trends. Most created for high class. Frontal POV.
Tech: "Baghdad Battery" (purpose unclear)
Sassanid:
Architecture: Buildings, temples.
Art: Decorated palaces, gardens
Tech: Mud and brick used in architecture. Vaulting Techniques.
Ribs: Social Infrastructure

ruling class
(priests, nobles, and warriors)
administrative and commercial class
(scribes, bureaucrats, and merchants)
artisans
peasants

Achaemenid, Parthian, Sassanid:
Feet: Trade Routes and Goods Traded
Sassanid
Breaking News
The unsolved murder of three
Persian empires: Achaemenid,
Parthian, and Sassian
Silk Road

Silk
woolen and golden textiles
carpets & rugs
hides
leather
pearls
Plot Twist: YOU WERE AT ALL THE MURDER SCENE!!!!!! The police have you hooked up to some scary looking lie detectors, so let's hope you remember all the details...
QUESTION ONE:
Parthian
QUESTION TWO
QUESTION THREE
QUESTION 4
etc. etc.
Silk Road
middle man
Achaemenid
Royal Road
iron
copper
tin
wine
gold
ivory
Achaemenid & Parthian
serfs and slaves do farm work
especially during harvest
artisans worked for noblemen
Sassanid
peasants earned money by manual labor
worked on share­cropping contracts
paid land and poll taxes

Spine: Political Structure
Achaemenid
centralized bureaucracy
satraps under king
Parthian
copied Achaemenid empire's form of government
Sassanid
Strong central government
centrally controlled religion
modified bureaucracy
Achaemenid
Parthian
Sassanid
550 BCE -330 BCE
247 BCE - 224 CE
224 BCE - 651 CE
Full transcript