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Traditional Literature: Myth, Legend, and Folktale

Copied from Austin Stevenson

Andie Worsley

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Traditional Literature: Myth, Legend, and Folktale

A myth is a story that follows a narrative structure and often deals with
gods and goddesses
, demigods, and the explanation of
natural phenomenon
A legend is an imagined story that contains some elements of history. Legends follow long narrative structure and feature a hero that often follows a quest.
Traditional Literature
Traditional Literature is " traditional art, literature, knowledge, and practices that are passed on in large part through
oral communication
and example."

Myths, Legends, and Folktales,
What's the difference?
The stories of the Greek gods and heroes not only explain natural phenomena like the changing of the seasons, sunrise and sunset, and weather, but they also give insight into some of the things that were most important to the civilization as a whole.
Legendary Characters You May Know
Robin Hood
Narrative folklore (the literature part of folklore) includes myths, legends, folktales, fables, and fairy tales, etc., which were
originally passed down orally
through generations.
Stories that explain religious beliefs are often myths; they explain the cultural and religious views of a society.
Legends typically contain the triumph of good over evil. An Epic is a legend with poetic form that features humans. A Ballad is song-like.
A Folktale is an imagined story about everyday people that was passed down orally though generations.
These stories follow a simple narrative structure, flat characters, repetition, and the triumph of good over evil.
Every culture has unique folktales, but there can sometime be thematic overlap in folktales from one place to another.
Myths vs. Legends vs. Folktale
Legends, myths, and folktales all use narrative structure to transmit cultural values or social rules.
Unlike myths, legends & folktales typically do not involve gods/goddesses.
Unlike legends, folktales typically do not involve historical characters.
Stone Soup
Full transcript