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bautista joshua ian

on 2 November 2013

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Is a basic social process, a universal principle without which no social life is possible. Members of a society are continuously exchanging gestures, actions, or words, as maybe observe as people engage in conversation, in striving a reward, or while jostling in a fight
Role of Language
Language is the most important form of symbol. It may be spoken or written, and makes social organization possible. Although interaction may occur on gesture or physical movements which express and idea or an emotion. The greater part of social interactions occurs through verbalize symbols.
Patterns of Interaction
Practically all human behavior involves social interaction: a mother disciplines her child, a group of friends organize a party, teenage group quarrel, an Abu Sayyaf member fires at a soldier, or group of Southeast Asian leaders collaborate on ASEAN activities. Sociologist have organized social interactions into 5 types, namely: exchange, competition, conflict, war, and cooperation.
It's the process by which one transfers social goods, services and items to another. it takes place when both parties feel they will benefit from frequent and voluntary interaction. The basic reciprocity is that you do something for another and expect something in return. There is usually trust, gratitude, and affection in the relationship. The exchange stops when one feels the other person is ungrateful or is cheating.
Is a form of struggle to secure a reward or a goal such as a prize, material object, position, leadership prestige, or power. The focus is chiefly on the reward rather than on the competitor.
Competitions occur between 2 individuals or groups when the satisfaction of the needs or desires of one is opposed to that of the other.
Scarcity of the object or the limited quantity of goods or services is the crucial factor of competitions.
When the rules of competition are broken and the opponents become openly antagonistic, conflict may develop. In conflict, there is the intent to hurt others physically, mentally or deprive them of liberty or property.

Conflicts may be :
a.) On a person-person basis.
b.) Between groups.
c.) National and International

The most violent and intense form of conflict. War wreaks havoc on life and property and disrupts and disorganizes the existing social order. It also foments hatred between combats. It can be encouraged by political and military officers who want to enhance their leadership, as well as the manufacturers of weapons and other war technology.
While conflict can be a destructive and wreak havoc on society, it also performs certain functions:
a.) Conflict can help establish unity and cohesion within a group in which has been threatened by hostile and antagonistic feelings among its members.

b.) Internal conflict becomes a stabilizing and integrating mechanism in certain instances.

c.) Conflict provides an outlet to express suppressed emotions and frustrations
Is as old as this world and is present in the varying degrees in every group. It is the central feature of social life. It can be defined as more specific aspects of human intercourse, one having to do with pooling resources, talents, and efforts to achieve the shared goals or task of group. It is a conjoint action.
Cooperation is widespread because many things that people want and need cannot be obtained through individual effort.
a.) Informal Cooperation
-is spontaneous and involves mutual give and take.

b.) Formal Cooperation-
is of a deliberate contractual nature prescribing the reciprocal rights and obligations of members.

c.) Symbolic Cooperation-
is a situation where two or more members of society, living together harmoniously are supportive and interdependent.
1. It makes for social cohesion and integration among the members of a group.

2. It contributes to social stability and order.

3. It foster consensus and compromise in various social issues.
This is one way to reduce or eliminate competition. The creation of interests resulting in individuals or groups needing or wanting different things or services rather than the same thing.
Such differentiation is related to the division of labor in society.
Interrelationship of Competition, Conflict, Cooperation, and Differentiation
Competition, conflict, cooperation, and differentiation are interdependent and intertwined social forms of relationship present in every society, which can occur simultaneously.
Cooperation may coexist with competition or conflict in some relationships.
As a condition, accommodation refers to "the fact of equilibrium between individuals and groups and the rules of the game which have to be followed."

As a process, it refers to " the conscious effort of men to develop such working arrangements among themselves as will suspend conflict make their relations more tolerable and less wasteful of energy."
1. DOMINATION - is characteristic of the superordinate-subordinate type of relationship where the stronger party imposes its will to make the other yield.

2. TRUCE - is an agreement to cease hostilities or fighting for a certain period of time.

3. COMPROMISE - refers to the mutual giving of concessions and withdrawal of some demands.

4. CONCILIATION AND MEDIATION - Here a third party who is impartial, competent, respected and acceptable by both sides intervenes.

5. ARBITRATION - is a special method in settling disputes through the efforts of a third party that may be chosen by the contending parties or appointed by some large agency power.

6. TRIPARTITE APPROACH - while labor and employers are parties directly concerned in labor dispute, the government also relates with them through a consultative mechanism.

7. TOLERATION - is a form of accommodation without formal agreement.
It is a king of social exchange, which is universal form of behavior. It is a principle where every service received, solicited or not demands a return.
Reciprocity or Utang na Loob
When one group blends in and takes on the characteristics of another culture.
Implies the acceptance by a person or group of the cultural traits, attitudes, and sentiments of another.
Cultural Pluralism
A number of racial and ethnic groups living side-by-side retain their distinctive identity and life-style - and at the same time, share in the aspects of larger culture.
It results when different groups intermarry. There is some kind of biological fusion. It also hastens assimilation when groups are similar culturally and physically, or when they are friendly with each other.
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