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Vitamin

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by

Nicole Reinhardt

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Vitamin

Vitamin & Mineral Project
By:
Nicole Reinhardt
Presenting...
SODIUM
1. Helps with absorption of
glucose and some amino acids


What does sodium do?
2. Required for muscle and nerve functioning
3. Helps with water balance
How do I get sodium?
Soups
Cheese & Dairy products
Cured/Processed Meats
Starchy Vegetables
Grains
Many sources of
food like...
Especially in foods like...
French Fries
Potato Chips
Condiments
Frozen Entrees
What is
sodium used for
in foods?
Flavoring
(Table Salt/Sodium Chloride)
Preservatives
(Sodium Benzoate)
Leavening agents
(Baking Soda/Sodium Bicarbonate)
Color preservatives
(Sodium Bisulfite)
Sodium is used as:
So once I
eat it...
...what happens
next?
It is absorbed by active transport into the small and large intestine
& is Usually found in the
Extracellular
Fluid
Compartment
(EFC)
the excess is excreted through the kidneys!
but if you get too much...
Sodium is lost
through feces and
perspiration!
How do I
know how much sodium to eat?
the DRI is between 1500-2300mg per day
IF you are healthy!
HOWEVER....
97% of the
US population
exceeds this!
it is
EXTREMELY
unhealthy
to exceed this...
if the person has
1.) Hypertension
2.) Diabetes
3.) Chronic Kidney
Disease
ESPECIALLY
your body only needs
200 mg of sodium a
day to function
properly!
EXTREMELY
Why is it
unhealthy
to consume
too much
sodium?
Because it increases your
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
Heart Disease
Stroke
Many other undesirable side effects
RISK
of
if excessive amounts of SODIUM are consumed...
it can even lead to...
serious buildup of fluid
Congestive heart failure
Cirrhosis
Kidney Disease
Cardiovascular Disease
Don't
believe me?
Just
watch!
In addition to this...
recent research
suggests that
sodium consumption is possibly linked with Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
reduction in sodium
decreased CVD risk
causes
especially
in older adults
& those with high blood pressure
Yes, but rare.
Often to
do excessive sweating,
vomiting,
or diarrhea.
Does anyone ever
deficient in sodium?
So don't forget...
to keep an eye out
for your
sodium intake
to make sure that you
stay healthy
and are able to
prevent diseases
Sources
Morrison, A. & Ness, R. Sodium Intake and Cardiovascular Disease, Annual Review of Public Health, 32, 71-86.
Full transcript