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Jane Eyre Assignment
Transcript of Jane Eyre Assignment
"Helen she held a little longer than me; she let her go more reluctantly...it was for her she a second time breathed a sad sigh...for her she wiped a tear from her cheek."
Consider how Bronte employs the themes of
sanity and madness,
sight and blindness, or fire and ice throughout the novel.
Helen Burns (Sanity)
“You dirty, disagreeable girl! you have never cleaned your nails this morning!" Burns made no answer:
I wondered at her silence.”
"Hardened girl!" exclaimed Miss Scatcherd; "nothing can correct you of your slatternly habits: carry the rod away." Burns obeyed
“It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil.”
“I am, as Miss Scatcherd said, slatternly; I seldom put, and never keep, things, in order; I am careless; I forget rules; I read when I should learn my lessons; I have no method; and sometimes I say, like you, I cannot bear to be subjected to systematic arrangements. This is all very provoking to Miss Scatcherd, who is naturally neat, punctual, and particular.”
“It is not violence that best overcomes hate — nor vengeance that most certainly heals injury.”
“Love your enemies; bless them that curse you; do good to them that hate you and despitefully use you.”
“Life appears to me too short to be spent in nursing animosity or registering wrongs. We are, and must be, one and all, burdened with faults in this world.”
Jane Eyre Assignment
by Kamry Bennett,
Bryant Bowman, and
Bronte employs the theme sanity and madness through the use of characterization.
The four methods of characterization are:
Using the character’s thoughts, feelings, speech or actions
Speech, thoughts, feelings or actions toward that character
Narrator’s own direct comments about the character
The ability to think and behave in a normal
and rational manner; sound mental health.
The state of being mentally ill.
Miss Temple (Sanity)
John Reed (Madness)
“He bullied and punished me; not two or three times in the week, nor once or twice in the day, but continually: every nerve I had feared him, and every morsel of flesh in my bones shrank when he came near. There were moments when I was bewildered by the terror he inspired, because I had no appeal whatever against either his menaces or his inflictions; the servants did not like to offend their young master by taking my part against him, and Mrs. Reed was blind and deaf on the subject: she never saw him strike or heard him abuse me, though he did both now and then in her very presence, more frequently, however, behind her back.”
“...but when I saw him lift and poise the book and stand in act to hurl it, I instinctively started aside with a cry of alarm: not soon enough, however; the volume was flung, it hit me, and I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it. The cut bled, the pain was sharp: my terror had passed its climax; other feelings succeeded.”
“...he ruined his health and his estate amongst the worst men and the worst women. He got into debt and into jail: his mother helped him out twice, but as soon as he was free he returned to his old companions and habits. His head was not strong: the knaves he lived amongst fooled him beyond anything I ever heard. He came down to Gateshead about three weeks ago and wanted missis to give up all to him. Missis refused: her means have long been much reduced by his extravagance; so he went back again, and the next news was that he was dead. How he died, God knows! — they say he killed himself.”
Bertha Mason (Madness)
“A fierce cry seemed to give the lie to her favourable report: the clothed hyena rose up, and stood tall on its hind-feet.”
“The maniac bellowed: she parted her shaggy locks from her visage, and gazed wildly at her visitors. I recognised well that purple face, — those bloated features. Mrs. Poole advanced.”
“the lunatic sprung and grappled his throat viciously, and laid her teeth to his cheek: they struggled. She was a big woman, in stature almost equalling her husband, and corpulent besides: she showed virile force in the contest — more than once she almost throttled him, athletic as he was. He could have settled her with a well-planted blow; but he would not strike: he would only wrestle. At last he mastered her arms; Grace Poole gave him a cord, and he pinioned them behind her: with more rope, which was at hand, he bound her to a chair. The operation was performed amidst the fiercest yells and the most convulsive plunges.”
“The lunatic is both cunning and malignant; she has never failed to take advantage of her guardian's temporary lapses; once to secrete the knife with which she stabbed her brother, and twice to possess herself of the key of her cell, and issue therefrom in the night-time. On the first of these occasions, she perpetrated the attempt to burn me in my bed; on the second, she paid that ghastly visit to you. I thank Providence, who watched over you, that she then spent her fury on your wedding apparel, which perhaps brought back vague reminiscences of her own bridal days.”
“...the mad lady, who was as cunning as a witch, would take the keys out of her pocket, let herself out of her chamber, and go roaming about the house, doing any wild mischief that came into her head. They say she had nearly burnt her husband in his bed once: but I don't know about that. However, on this night, she set fire first to the hangings of the room next her own, and then she got down to a lower storey, and made her way to the chamber that had been the governess's — (she was like as if she knew somehow how matters had gone on, and had a spite at her) — and she kindled the bed there; but there was nobody sleeping in it, fortunately.”
“...he went up to the attics when all was burning above and below, and got the servants out of their beds and helped them down himself, and went back to get his mad wife out of her cell. And then they called out to him that she was on the roof, where she was standing, waving her arms, above the battlements, and shouting out till they could hear her a mile off: I saw her and heard her with my own eyes. She was a big woman, and had long black hair: we could see it streaming against the flames as she stood. I witnessed, and several more witnessed, Mr. Rochester ascend through the sky-light on to the roof; we heard him call 'Bertha!' We saw him approach her; and then, ma'am, she yelled and gave a spring, and the next minute she lay smashed on the pavement.”
Any questions, comments, or concerns?
(Sanity and Madness)
"And if I were in your place I should dislike her; I should resist her. If she struck me with that rod, I should get it from her hand; I should break it under her nose."
"When we are struck at without a reason, we should strike back again very hard; I am sure we should — so hard as to teach the person who struck us never to do it again.”
“Sir, I do not wish to act against you..."
(Rochester) "Not in your sense of the word, but in mine you are scheming to destroy me."
“All is changed about me, sir; I must change too — there is no doubt of that; and to avoid fluctuations of feeling, and continual combats with recollections and associations.”
Helen's sanity manifests itself through her astute, docile, and seemingly unperturbed disposition. When faced with a potentially violent situation, Helen chooses to turn the other cheek in order to avoid causing trouble, and she encourages others to do the same. This can be primarily seen through her various conversations with Jane. Furthermore, Helen continuously strives to see the best in people, just as she did with her malignant teacher Miss Scatcherd.
Miss Temple displays sanity quite often through her nice behavior and pleasant aura. While her fellow teacher Miss Scatcherd is often cruel to Helen, Miss Temple is much more agreeable.
John Reed's madness is primarily manifested through his violent temperament. Furthermore, John is also very overbearing. Consequently, he often reacts to situations in a negative manner; namely, that would be physical attacks and successful suicide attempts. Finally, John is also cold-blooded, which is best seen when he assaults Jane and expresses no sympathy in regards to her subsequent injuries.
Similar to John, Bertha's madness manifests itself through her violent temperament, although Bertha's can be attributed to her mental illness. Moreover, Bertha displays no remorse for her actions or knowledge of it even occurring. Additionally, the consequences of her actions can also be dire for not only others, but herself as well; thus, being another notable similarity to John Reed.
Jane exhibits actions that correlate with those of both madness and sanity. Jane can be violent, passionate, and headstrong; characteristics that have all produced mixed effects. Furthermore, at times, Jane appears to be reasonable as well.