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The Classical Period
Transcript of The Classical Period
Using Prezi you can create a pathway but choose to leave it at any point to explore additional content.
You can return to your pathway, just like you do when you are teaching. Timelines The Prezi interface encourages you to deviate and explore - just like learners do... As teachers we often need to analyse long sections of text with our classes.
The ability to zoom in on images or text helps students focus on what is important.
You can also use the ability to zoom in to expand on the meaning of a particular word. This may be particularly useful in MFL where you can associate an image with a word like 'coccinelle'.
In other subjects like science, the meaning of words can sometimes be better explained using images. For example when defining osmosis, students often find it difficult to conceptualise the 'concentration of solutes' - a diagram can really help:
"Osmosis is the movement of water across a partially permeable membrane from an area of low concentration of solute to an area of high concentration of solute" Be careful It may get your The way you navigate in Prezi must HELP you communicate Here are some examples of navigation that helps communication In the last section, the movement and zooming has not helped me communicate and I have probably annoyed you Concepts Exploring images and diagrams The Classical Period I am never happier than when i have something to compose, for that, after all, is my sole delight and passion.
-Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart In this Prezi, whenever you see zoom and move when using the functionality. students attention intially, but over use it and all you will do is
make them sea sick! Brief History of Social Media or you can click on it to explore an idea in more detail on a circle “PowerPoint makes us stupid” As you have seen, you can easily incorporate images and videos into your Prezi Images videos Stuck? Click on the right arrow key to continue to the next point in the pathway "Commanders say that behind all the PowerPoint jokes are serious concerns that the program stifles discussion, critical thinking and thoughtful decision-making" http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/27/world/27powerpoint.html?hp How do I incorporate videos into my Prezi? You can either:
convert your video into a Flash video file (.flv or .swf), or
embed a video from YouTube by pasting the url of the video into an empty text box. This only works when you are online! Hope that was useful!
To comment and share your ideas and thoughts, go to... www.learningblog.org and out but what would be the point of that? when Prezi can do so much more like zoom in The
Classical Period Historical and Cultural
Background Faith in the power of reason was so great that it began to undermine the authority of the social and religious establishment
Philosophers and writers- especially Voltaire and Denis Diderot saw their time as a turning point in history and referred to it as the “age of enlightenment”
Violent political and social upheaval marked the seventy-year period from 1750 to 1820
Revolutions in thought and action were paralleled by shifts in style in the visual arts
The rococo painter Jean-Honore Fragonard showed the game of love in THE LOVER CROWNEd
(c. 1771 – 1773)
DEATH OF SOCRATES (1787) by Jacques Louis David. By the late 18th century, rococo style had been superseded by the neoclassical style, which attempted to recapture the “noble simplicity and calm grandeur” of ancient Greek and Roman art. Neoclassic artists, such as the French painter David, emphasized firm lines, clear structure, and moralistic subjects
MONTICELLO, Thomas Jefferson’s home shows the influence of ancient Greek and Roman architecture
NAPOLEON AT ST. BERNARD (1800) by Jacques-Louis David. Beethoven originally planned to name his Third Symphony (Eroica, 1803-1804) “Bonaparte,” because he saw Napoleon as an embodiment of heroism; but when he learned that Napoleon had proclaimed himself emperor, Beethoven tore out the title page and later renamed the symphony “heroic Symphony composed to celebrate the memory of a great man.”
THE THIRD OF MAY, 1808 by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya. The classical period was a time of violent political and social upheaval, witnessing the American Revolution, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars. In 1814 Goya painted this vivid scene of the execution of Spanish hostages by Napoleon’s soldiers.
Music in Society Composers strove to write music that would appeal simultaneously to amateurs and learned connoisseurs.
The growing middle class, who had greater access to education, financial stability, and leisure time than ever before, fueled a demand for public concerts.
Composers increasingly broke from the patronage system to seek their fortune as freelance musicians
The aristocracy and middle class considered training in music an important educational skill
Music making in the home became increasingly important
Music in Society Most of Haydn’s music was composed for a wealthy aristocratic family. Shown here is a performance of a comic opera by Haydn in 1775 at the Palace Eszterhaza.
Important Style Features 1. Mood and Emotional
Expression Classical music features fluctuations of mood within a movement
Changes in mood may occur gradually or suddenly, but are always firmly controlled by the composer and typically fall within a tastefully acceptable emotional range
Music was expected to be immediately appealing, pleasing, natural-sounding, and tasteful
2. Rhythm Numerous rhythmic patterns provide variety and contrast
Unexpected pauses, syncopations, and frequent changes between long notes and shorter notes also provide variety and contrast
Rhythmic changes occur suddenly or gradually
3. Dynamics Dynamics change gradually or suddenly, enabling the expression of highly varied emotional nuances within one movement
4. Tone Color The characteristic sound of an orchestra with four families of instruments of approximately 25 to 60 players gradually became the standard
Wind and brass instruments were used in the orchestra to provide contrasts of timbre
The most important form of classical chamber music was the string quartet, written for two violins, viola and cello
5. Melody and Harmony Melodies are tuneful and easily remembered after one or two hearings.
Phrases often occur in pairs, with the first phrase ending with an incomplete cadence and the second phrase ending more conclusively
Classical melodies may be broken into fragments or motives that undergo development to explore different moods
Harmonies are based on major and minor scales
Dissonance is used to provide contrast, suspense, or excitement.
6. Texture Texture is predominantly homophonic
Fluctuations of texture occur to provide contrasts; a piece4 may shift gradually or suddenly from one texture to another
SONATA FORM Sometimes called sonata-allegro form
Refers to the form of a single movement
It has three main sections
SONATA FORM THEME
VARIATIONS This form was widely used in classical period, either as an independent piece or as one movement of a symphony, sonata, or string quartet
Here, a basic musical idea-the theme-is repeated over and over and is changed each time
THEME AND VARIATIONS MINUET AND TRIO This form is often used as the third movement of classical symphonies, string quartets, and other works
MINUET AND TRIO RONDO This is a classical movement which features a tuneful main theme (A) which returns several times in alternation with other themes.
Common rondo forms are A B A C A and
A B A C A B A
The main theme is usually lively, pleasing, and simple to remember.
RONDO Instrumental Music The Classical Symphony
A symphony is an extended, ambitious composition typically lasting between 20 and 45 minutes, exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the classical orchestra
A classical symphony usually consists of four movements which evoke a wide range of emotions through contrasts of tempo and mood. A typical sequence is
1. vigorous, dramatic fast movement
2. a lyrical slow movement
3. a dance like movement
4. a brilliant or heroic fast movement
Classical Chamber Music
Classical chamber music is designed for the intimate setting of a room (chamber) in a home or palace, rather than for a public concert hall.
It is performed by a small group of two to nine musicians, with one player to a part.
The most important form of classical chamber music is the QUARTET, written for two violins, a viola, and a cello.
It consists of 4 movements
3. minuet or scherzo
Composers of the
Classical Period Music Haydn was a pathfinder for the classical style, a pioneer in the development of the symphony and string quartet
Haydn’s 104 symphonies-along with his 68 string quartets-are considered the most important part of his enormous output
Joseph Haydn A performance of Haydn’s oratorio THE CREATION at the University of Vienna in 1808
Mozart wrote masterpieces in all the musical forms of his time-symphonies, string quartets, piano concertos, and operas
His music sings and conveys a feeling of ease, grace, and spontaneity, as well as balance, restraint, and perfect proportion
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Beethoven’s music directly reflects his powerful, tortured personality
In his works, great tension and excitement are built up through syncopation's and dissonances
His sense of drama was expressed in vocal music including two masses and his only opera, FIDELIO
Ludwig Van Beethoven