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Writing Assignment #4
Transcript of Writing Assignment #4
Recently moved to Forks, Washington
Vampires Werewolves Humans Clumsy, pale-skinned, and not so much of a social butterfly
"I've always felt out of step. Like literally stumbling through my life. I've never felt normal, because I'm not normal."
-Bella Swan 3D VIEW Deviance: Bella talks to vampires and is friends with werewolves.
She hears Edwards voice in her head.
She calls her father by his first name, Charlie. Distress: Bella’s parents are divorced, which is hard on any child. Edward dumps Bella, which sends her into a downward spiral of deep depression.
Bella has to keep the secret that the Cullens are vampires to herself. Dysfunction: Bella only focuses on becoming a vampire, she spends all of her time with Edward and doesn’t make friends after moving to Forks. And then when Edward leaves, she spends all of her time thinking about Edward that she becomes antisocial at school, falling behind and losing her friends. Personality Disorders Bella displays a suffering from various personality disorders. DIAGNOSIS Today I’m going to diagnose her struggle with Narcissistic
Disorder Narcissistic Personality Disorder is an Axis II disorder. a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy. Axis II Begins in early adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts. Bella exhibits the following indicators for narcissistic personality disorder: Bella Swan 1 2 3 4 5 6 -is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love -requires excessive admiration -has a sense of entitlement, i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations -is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends -lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others -is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her Bella is obsessed over Edward turning her into a vampire. It's all she can think about. Bella mentions in Eclipse that she wants to be a vampire so she can be beautiful like Edward. Since the day she met Edward, Bella is fascinated with the beauty that vampires possess. She often mentions this beauty when she mentions the Cullens. Their superficial beauty and wealth represent a social status above Bella's. She becomes obsessed with what they have to offer and their degree of beauty. Bella is constantly looking for ways to have Edward show his love for her (exhibiting that she has a constant need for attention). This is first demonstrated by demanding Edward to turn her into a vampire, which she will not give up pressuring him about it. Then, by demanding him to have sex with her, and not giving up on that topic either. The need for attention is also seen in New Moon, when she starts spending lots of time with Jacob. Bella believes that the only people who can understand her are the vampires and Jacob. She pushes her other friends and family (her own parents) away and begins spending all of her time with the Cullens or Jacob. She feels that she is "special" because she can associate with these people and that she is the only one that knows about their "special" abilities. Bella takes advantage of the members of Edwards family to take a vote. She is obsessed with becoming a vampire, and Edward won't do it. So Bella persuades his family to take a vote, thinking that Edward will be outvoted. She doesn't care what their opinions are and if turning into a vampire will affect them, she just wants them to overpower Edward so she can be a vampire. She also takes advantage of Jacob's mechanical skills to fix the motorcycles she picked up. She doesn't care that she is hurting Jacob, she just cares about being able to drive those motorcycles. Bella lacks empathy throughout the entire series of Twilight. She doesn't care how Charlie or her mom will feel if Edward turns her into a vampire and she disappears. She doesn't care for her friends or how she hurts their feelings, and blames them for not wanting to continue the friendship. There are bodies showing up around Forks, and she knows the reason is a vampire. But does she tell anyone or warn anyone to protect them? No, she's too busy covering for her dear precious Edward. She even has no concern that the Cullens turning her into a vampire would make it easier to prey on other people in the town. She knows that becoming a newborn vampire makes you bloodthirsty, putting everyone at risk. But that doesn't faze her. Even in Italy when she hears the room full of humans being eaten by the Volturi. She doesn't stop to protect the incoming "tour" group. Bella is envious of the Cullen's beauty. As mentioned before, she is obsessed with possessing this kind of beauty. She desperately wants to live the life of a Cullen and goes to drastic measures to do this. TREATMENT Medical treatment for severe cases of Narcisistic Personality Disorder usually involves hospitalization. However, for Bella's case, hospitalization is not the best treatment. Bella will go through treatment centered around psychotherapy. 1) Bella should try group therapy. Group therapy will help Bella to develop a healthy individuality. She will learn to acknowledge others as separate persons, and will hopefully decrease her need for self-defeating coping mechanisms. The first step toward developing a working alliance with others is learning empathy. With the surprise and hurt that Bella will experience as a result of confrontations within the group, she will hopefully learn to empathize with others. 2) Bella should also meet with a therapist
one-on-one. Listening to the doctor's orders or following the instruction of anyone other than who a narcisist values is hard for anyone with this disorder. So Bella talking to a therapist, let alone listening to a therapist, will be a very hard process. However, once the idea is grasped, I think a therapist can help Bella come to her own terms about how to live a non-narcisistic life. I think a therapist can help her get over her infatuation with beauty and ideal love and put her back on her own two feet. (Talking to a therapist will also help her overcome her symptoms of her other disorders -- schizophrenia, depression, and borderline personality disorder.) My Reflection I think being a diagnostician would be a difficult job. There are a lot of criteria to meet for each disorder and often the criteria fit into a lot of different categories across multiple disorders. It seemed very hard to pinpoint exactly which category that Bella Swan fit into. I ended up deciding she fit into a lot of them, but showed more criteria for the Narcisistic Personality Disorder. A treatment plan for a person suffering from this disorder is very difficult. They view themselves as almost #1, so listening to a doctor or a nurse at a hospital is very hard for them. I would see Bella following their rules if the Cullens told her too, so I imagine that they would try to help her get better. So, the most difficult part was analyzing Bella. She's one of my favorite characters, so finding out that she has some mental issues was very hard to process. But after the hard part of analyzing her qualities, it became easy to discover how she fit the criteria. It would be different for diagnosticians in real life to develop a better treatment plan or diagnosis because they would probably actaully have a chance to meet with Bella. They'd have a chance to talk with her and to observe her in real life, which could rule out a few of the criteria, or develop new ones. Being able to actaully see your patient and have one-on-one time would be very helpful. THE END. By: Taylor Schulz