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Physical Geography of Earth Presentation

Key Points and Terms for Planet Earth, Forces of Change, Earth's Water, Earth-Sun Relationships, Climate Factors and Climate Patterns, Natural Environments, and Natural Resources
by

Erika Short

on 21 September 2016

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Transcript of Physical Geography of Earth Presentation

Physical Geography of Earth
Evidence for Continental Drift
Rock Formations
Fossil
Climatology
Shape of the Continents
Fossil Evidence
Seafloor Spreading
Isochron Map of Ocean-Floor Crust
Sea plates
pull apart
and magma from within the earth comes up to create underground mountains or ridges
Plate Boundaries
6+
Abraham Ortelius
1500's Dutch Mapmaker
Noticed the fit of continents
Continental Drift Hypothesis
Wegner's hypothesis: Earth's continents were joined as a single landmass, called Pangaea, that broke apart 200 million years ago and slowly moved to their present positions.
Continental Drift
Greek for "all the Earth"
Pangaea
Supercontinent
Broke apart about 200 million years ago
Rock Formations
Types of Plate Boundaries
Convergent- plates move
toward
each other
Divergent- Plates move
away
from each other
Transform- Plates
slip past
each other
Three Types of Convergent Boundaries
Convergent Boundary
Divergent Boundary
Transform Boundary
Oceanic-Oceanic
Oceanic
-Continental
Continental-Continental
Himalayan Mountains
Japanese Island Arc
Andez Mountain Range
Seafloor Spreading Center
Rift Valley East Africa
Subduction Zone

Mountains
are formed when continental plates collide. Himalayan peaks in India are an example. They are still getting bigger to this day.
Causes of Plate Motion
Convection currents transfer thermal energy in unequally heated matter
Convergent Zone

solid, rocky crusts
Mountains
Hills
Plateaus
Plains
Continental Drift
The theory of the Continental drift its a theory when all of the continents were joined in a super-continent, which scientist call (Pangaea). Over a vast period of time, the continents drifted apart to their current locations.
Sun is the center
Considered a star
The earth is divided into three main layers:
Crust
- the thin outer layer,
Mantle
- portion of earth's interior lying between the crust and the core
Core
- the central portion of the earth that lies below the mantle
Internal
Forces of Change
Colliding and spreading plates

- subduction
- accretion

Mountains are also formed when a
sea
plate collides with a
continental
plate.
This is called subduction
The Andes mountains are an example of subduction.

Earth's crust comes together slowly and sea plate slides
under
continental plate.
This process creates
more
land
New land is also created when
two
sea plates
converge
.
One plate moves under the other, forming an island.
Faults

When plates grind and slide against each other, creating cracks in the earth's crust.
Earthquakes

happens along fault lines.
changes the surface of the land and ocean floor
Tension builds up along the fault lines and they suddenly snap and shift.
Ring of Fire
most earthquake-prone and volcanic known
External Forces of Change
Weathering and Erosion
Weathering-
process that breaks down rocks on the earth's surface

Erosion-
wearing away of the earth's surface by wind, glaciers, and moving water
Earth's Structure
Surface of the earth has been in constant motion.
wind,
water
, volcanic eruptions and
earthquakes
change the surface of the earth.
Plate Tectonics
plates crash into each other
pull apart
slide against each other
creates the earth's
physical
features
Four Parts of Earth
Atmosphere
Hydrosphere
Biosphere
Lithosphere
Prime Time
1.
On your desk, name each season according to the tilt of the earth and angle of the sun. 1-4
2.
3.
4.
Prime Time


Question: Answer on your desk!
In your own words write the definition of culture


Materials:
Reading Strategy
This reminds me of.....
Words or sentences related to physical geography (land, water, animals, etc)
words or ideas related to humans in the story
Aztec
Chinese
Kansa
Roman
Summary
Summary
Summary
Summary
Writing Response #1
Some scientist are intolerant of religious beliefs and sometimes religion is intolerant of scientific reasoning. How can we respect cultural beliefs and scientific reasoning at the same time?
Writing Response #2

How does geography influence culture? Use examples from today to support your answer.

Prime Time
Task: Finish your writing response from yesterday

#1 How can we respect cultural beliefs and scientific reasoning at the same time?

#2- How does geography influence culture? Use examples from the creation stories to support your answer
Materials:


Earth's Creation Poster
Objective: Make a poster showing one step of Earth's creation
1. Each person will slowly read the step out loud. 4x

2. Draw what it looks like to you.

3. Show your drawing in the group and decide which one is best and why.

4. Complete final draft on poster with a colorful picture and caption of the step.

5. We will vote as a class on which one is best for the gallery

True-1
False-2

Cultures stay the same over time.

Geography influences cultural beliefs and customs.

Advances in science and technology do not influence cultural beliefs.






Prime Time:
Task:

1. Read "Earth in the Beginning" on your own.
2. Underline key vocabulary in the text.

Materials:
Key Vocabulary
Surface- the top level of Earth
Prime Time
Task:
Begin working on #2 Layers of the Earth fill in the blank.

Materials:
1. Earth as an Egg Worksheet
2. Expo Marker

Steps in the Earth's History 1- 6
_____ Rain fell, the Earth Cooled
_____ Pieces of rock collided together
_____ The atmosphere is no longer poisonous.
_____ The sun is very hot with lots of volcanic activity
_____ Blue green bacteria is the first form of life in the ocean
_____ The moon is created when an object hits Earth.

Roles for "Earth as an Egg Activity

Student Leader- Cuts the egg

Step #4- Cracks the Egg
Step #7- Draws a dot
Step #1-Material collector.
Egg has a shell
Earth has a crust
Egg has soft whites
Earth has a solid mantle
Earth has a inner and outer
core that is liquid metal

Egg has a yolk that is solid
Both have cracks
Crust and shell are thinnest and they move
Mantle and white are same thickness
Thick core and yolk
#1
#2
#3
#4
(Earth layer, Egg part, descriptive words)
Prime Time
Make a pizza slice diagram of the Earth's layers on your desk
Task:
Materials:
Prime Time
Question#1: What type of lines are the following? Answer on your desk and do not erase!
A
B
Question #2: What is it called when these line intersect?
-Volcanoes
-Earthquakes
Plate Boundary
Ring of Fire
Ring of Fire
Plate Boundary
Lots of plate movement (internal forces = volcanoes and earthquakes
Alfred Wegener
German Scientist
Continental Drift Skit
2. Six per group
1.
5. Independent Work
3.
whole class
4. Best group will perform
Prime Time
Task:
Materials:
1. Skit
2. Skit questions
3. Discovering Plate Tectonics sheet
4. Map
Finish answering your conclusion questions on your Discovering Plate Tectonics sheet
Discovering Plate Tectonics
Practice
Prime Time
Question: Answer on desk!
What is the best definition of a theory?
A. Just an idea
B. An idea or opinion
C. An idea supported by evidence
D. A fact
Materials:
1. Continental Drift Questions

2. Venn Diagram
3. World Map
#1
#1
#2
#3
#3
#2
#4
Task: Please complete the World Map on Pangaea
subduction
Prime Time
Task: Using your atlas please find an example of one of the following in the world. Write on your desk!
Pangaea



Materials:
1. Plate Boundaries notes
2. Activity 9 homework
3. Physical Features/Topo Quest Study Guide

#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
#8
#9
#10
Gesture
Example
Type of Plate Boundary
Gesture
Example in the world
Type of Plate Boundary
Gesture
Example in the world
Type of Boundary
Gesture
Example in the world
Type of Boundary
Gesture
Example
Type of Boundary
#3
#4
When plates crash into each other,
pull apart
, or grind against each other the surface of the earth changes.
This is called
PLATE TECTONICS


And it creates earth's
physical
features
Accretion
Earth
Water
(Air)
Living Things
Our earth supports life for many reasons
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF EARTH
Sun
Earth
Water
Landforms
Warm
Cold
The Earth's Structure
Prime Time
Geography Test Corrections
Use notes to find the correct answer
Examples:

Multiple Choice: (1-12)
4. Landforms, climates and vegatation are examples of physical characteristics. This has to do with Place.
Fill in the blank: (13-17)
13. This is an example of movement because Kiwi is a product not grown in the United States and has to be imported from New Zealand.
Map: (Relative Location)
18 and 19- The Panama Canal is located in Central America and connects the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean
29,400 ft
-35,827 ft
Mt. Everest
Mariana Trench
1- Hydrosphere or 2- Atmosphere
1- Atmosphere or 2- Lithosphere
70%
30%
1- Hydrosphere 2- Biosphere
1- True
2- False

The Earth is 30% water and 70% land
1-True
2-False

The Southern Hemisphere has more land than the Northern Hemisphere
External Forces
Forces of Change
This shapes the surface of the Earth
Internal-beneath us
External-weathering and erosion
1- Atmosphere
2- Lithosphere
Peninsula
1-True
2-False

The most visible landform on Earth are the seven continents
1-True
2-False

Landforms are only found on the Earth's surface not in the oceans.
1-True
2-False

The continental shelf is an extension
of the coastline of each of the seven
continents
Equator
NA
SA
Africa
Asia
Europe
Australia
Southern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
Collecting Information
Atlantic
Indian
Pacific
Atlantic
Pacific
Antarctica
Why do earthquakes, volcanoes and dramatic landforms develop in certain parts of the world?
Mountain Range
Continents
Islands
Draw and label the layers of Earth and a description of each.
Prime Time
1. What is an internal force of change?


or
A. Weathering
B. Tectonic Activity
Overtime, water erosion creates at landforms?
A.
B.
C.
Valley
Mountain
Canyon
What is an external force that changes the Earth?
A.
Erosion
B. Volcano
C. Weathering
What is NOT true about the core of the Earth?
A. It's in the center of the Earth

B. It is very HOT

C. It forms the Earth's surface

D. It both solid and liquid
When sea plates or continental plates collide it creates what?
A. Volcanic
Mountains

B. Ocean Trenches


C. Islands
#1
#2
#3
#4


1. Get out Earth Sun Geography Investigation Packet and Writing Frame
School?
Which place is warmer?
1.
2.
Who would see daylight first?
1.
2.
1.
2.
Which place sees the sunset last?
1.
2.
Axis and Tilt
A.
B.
C.
D.
On December 22nd, it is summer for what place?
1.
2.
Can you name the seasons?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Can you identify
the seasons?
1. Autumn
2. Spring
3. Winter
4. Summer
1.
2.
End of class
East to west
Time (24 hour rotation)
365 1/4
days
Seasons and Temperature
On March 21st, spring would begin for what place
1.
2.
23.5 degrees
Tilt
Revolution
determined by......
T
I
M
E
Temp
Seasons
Earth's Tectonic Plates on CK-12
Cornell Notes over CK-12 Reading and Videos
Night
Day
Rotation of the Earth
Instructions, Crustal Movement Video 1, 2, 3
Instructions for today.
1. Setup your paper for Cornell Notes
2. Go to Blackboard.
3. Click on Class Information and Class Youtube Channel
4. Go to the Video Playlist and choose the Earth Sun Relationships and the Physical Science Rotation and Revolution video
5. Take Cornell Notes as you are watching
6. Log into Skyward and take the Physical Geography Quiz #4- Earth Sun Relationships
Average Hours of Daylight or Darkness
6:23 am
19:46 pm
= 13 hours 23 minutes of daylight
Average Temperature of Four World Cities
Day 1- 45

Day 2- 48

Day 3- 49

Day 4- 50
Add them up then divide by four
= 48 degrees
4. Explain your graphs under the Organize Information section of your packet
By the end of class
(Northern, Mid Latitude, Equator, Southern)
minus
Use Time Difference Calculator on Blackboard
The 24 HOUR CLOCK
8:05 am =8:05 am
7:00 pm = 19:00 pm
but
AM
PM
AM=1-12 (Inside Circle)
PM= 13-24 (Outside Circle)
19:00-8:05= 10 hrs 55 minutes of daylight
1.
2. Vertical
Axis
3. Horizontal Axis
Title
2. Use your atlas to find the latitude and longitude of your four world cities

3. Then use page 27 in your atlas to find the current time
5. Make five observations under the Analyze Information Sections
1. Complete time and temp chart
3. Snave it to my inbox in the R: drive
2. Make sure you have a title, vertical axis label and horizontal axis label
True or False
The Earth's tilt allows the Earth to have an equal amount of sunlight.
True or False
Longitude or a places east west location on Earth is a factor of temperature.
True or False
World Time Zones were created because of the Earth's tilt is at 23.5 degrees.
True or False
Your southern latitude city is increasing in daylight hours while your northern latitude city is decreasing in daylight hours.
Prime Time
Continental Drift
Which continents have coastlines on the Pacific Ocean?
Wednesday November 4th
Materials for today
Assigned laptop
Cornell Notes
Plate Tectonics
Crustal Movement Video 1, 2, 3 on CK-12
-Describe Tectonic plates
-Three types of plate movements
-Landforms creates by plate movement
Log on CK-12
Click on Groups
Choose 7th Geography
Assignments
Physical Geography #2
Still can't find it..................?
1. Earth's Tectonic Plates (Read)
2. Plate Boundary Interactions (Videos)
Earth's Tectonic Plates Module
Plate Boundary Interaction Module
Prime Time- Choose
Prime Time- Choose the
or
Prime Time- Choose
Temperate Zone
Temperate Zone
Hotter
Cold
Cold
Full transcript