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The Process of Birth
1) One of the first things that are done is that the “Adan” or call to prayer is recited either in the baby’s right ear or near it. –The reason being is that the “Adan” signifies some of the central declarations of being a Muslim.
-It is what someone recites if wanting to become a Muslim.
Continuation of The Process of Birth.
3) Some Muslim’s shave the baby’s head. This signifies what the last prophet of the Muslim faith did, Mohammed (swt), he shaved his sons head, weighed the hair, and gave out charity(in sliver or gold) based on how much the baby's hair weighed.
2) A sacrifice is also made for the child.
They believe it to signify the sacrifice on of their prophets, Abraham, made for his son.
-Shows that the child is dedicated to God.
-The sacrafice is an animal, usually a sheep, and is shared with loved ones, friends, neighbors...etc.
Communication with one another.
-Arabs use lots of hand gestures when speaking.
Some of the following are examples...
-Some Muslim women choose not to engage in conversation with the opposite sex, due to religious reasons.
-Most pregnant Muslim women will not allow a male doctor/nurse or any other medical staff member to assess her.
“God is the greatest, I bear witness that there is no God but God, I bear witness that Mohammed(swt) is the messenger of God, come to prayer, come to success, God is one, God is the greatest”
Once this is done, the baby is considered automatically Muslim.
5)Although the spontaneous, natural birth is believed to be best practice for them, Muslim women can go through labor however they please, whether is is vaginal or cesarean or with/without pain relief(epidural, analgesia and anesthesia...etc)
4) Yes, they circumcise. They believe it as cleanliness. It is part of their religion. They believe that their prophet Abraham was commanded to do so, so they believe it to be best practice.
Separation of soul from body.
-Relatives and friends there for support, reciting portions from the Qur'an.
-Closing the lids of eye, keep arms close to the side, and gather the legs together. –easy handling when the body stiffens later on.
-Washing of the body, three sheets to wrap body with.
***SIMPLICITY is key in the Muslim community.
Arab men do this when they are really annoyed...start biting their knuckles.
Languages Most commonly spoken...second language?
This really does matter on where the individual is from.
-Not all Arabs are from the middle east.
The primary language of arabs is Arabic
-Secondary depends on where the person is from.
-Moroccans and most arabs from the continent of Africa can speak French as well as Arabic….folks from places such as Syria, Palestine and Lebanon have English as their secondary language(they start teaching kids English as soon as they enter grade-school)
Dietary, environmental, and Hygienic practices
Muslim women don't really have a lot of standards or restrictions when it comes to dietary traditions/customs during or after pregnancy.
-They cannot however consume any pork or pork derived products.
-Some have preferences on the type of meat they heat, only "Halal".
It is part of the Muslim faith to maintain cleanliness.
-Muslim women usually pray five times a day, this requires the washing of the perineum, face, hair, arms, and feet five times a day(Some ant/postpartum women may need assistance with this)
Family and loved ones are very involved with the whole experience, will want the whole family in the room before/during/after the delivery.
Restrictions during pregnancy- childbirth, postpartum period...
*Most Muslims do not believe abortion is permissible unless the pregnancy
is the result of rape or incest, or if the life of the mother is in danger.
If a woman’s life is threatened by her pregnancy.
*Some Muslims also believe the termination of a pregnancy is
legitimate if the fetus has severe health problems that would
cause great suffering during his or her life.
-No smoking, drugs, alcohol-basic practices of Islam, esp. during pregnancy
-There are no guidelines, really, regarding labor; however Muslim women
tend to be very spiritual to turning to God for comfort and assistance.
-They attend Lamaze classes, take prenatal care….etc.
-Father or partner is the main decision maker throughout pregnancy
Sources of emotional and physical support during pregnancy, childbirth, childbearing days...
...Again they seek for spiritual support most of the time,other than that, support from the spouse is the main source throughout the pregnancy.
Recommendations take into consideration with cultural needs of the childbearing family, standard nursing protocol, and communication strategies...
- Food-no pork
- Most Arab women only want women nurses and docs taking care of them.
- Always tell the women what you are doing before doing, you’ll build a stronger rapport with her.
- Speak with the father when addressing any issues about the care of the mother and child(Primary decision maker).
- Some Arab women don’t like to be excessively touched, so combing activities/interventions would be a plus.
-Family ties are also very strong. The grandparents/siblings from both sides are the second method of support.
Brown, Lisa S. Chapter 1: Life Cycle Nutrition: An Evidence-Based Approach "Nutritional
Requirements during Pregnancy and Lactation" edited by Sari Edelstein and Judith Sharlin, Jones and Bartlett, 2010.
Darnton-Hill, I., Nishida, C., & James, W. P. (2004). A life course approach to diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. Public Health Nutrition, 7 (1A), 101–121.
Hampton, T. (2004). Fetal environment may have profound long-term consequences for health. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 292, pp. 1285–1286.
CORE (2004). Maternal Nutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation: Breastfeeding, LAM, Related Complementary Feeding, and Maternal Nutrition Program, Linkgaes, Washington.
The Islamic world view. (2009). Retrieved from Harper Collins Publisher website:
Hasnain, M. (2009). Patient-Centered Health Care for Muslim Women in the United States: conference proceedings and postconference evaluation report. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago Press.
Ismail, M. (2011, December 19). Muslim family values. Retrieved from Islamic Learning Center
Karraa, W. (2011, April 29). Gift from god: Childbirth and postpartum care in Islam. Retrieved from Science & Sensibility website: http://www.scienceandsensibility.org/?tag=childbirth-practices-and-islam
Rabin, R. C. (2010, November 1). Respecting Muslim patients' needs. Retrieved from New York Times website: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/01/health/01patients.html?_r=0
Salman, K. F. (2012). Health belief and practices related to center screening among Arab Muslims women in urban communit. Health Care for Women International, 33, 45-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2011.610536.
Tausif, G. (2009, July 13). Muslim family tradition how to welcome a newborn baby. Retrieved from Spiritual Living website: http://www.spiritualliving360.com/index.php/muslim-family-traditions-how-to-welcome-a-newborn-baby-17602/
1. Which is the following is the secondary language of Morocco?
2. Arabs use a lot of (select all that apply)
a) Facial expressions
b) Hand Gestures
d) Non-verbal communication
3. Which food choice is prohibited in the Islamic community or religion?
a) Chicken and beef.
b) Kiwi and cantaloupe.
c) Chicken broth and mushrooms.
d) Bacon and ham.
4. In the Islamic religion, Children are strictly taught to learn only Arabic and the Koran and no other languages.
True or False.
5. When a Muslim women is pregnant henna is apply on her foot this is believe to ( select all that apply)
a .Save her from bad spirit that causes disease
b. give her time to bound with her baby
c. to be beautiful for her husband
6. Abortion is only accept for a Arabic Muslim Women if
a. She not financially able to care for her baby
b. she is in danger or her baby is in danger
c. She is not married
7. Following the birth of a newborn Muslim infant, the parent of the newborn will require which of the following before the 8th post pregnancy? Select all that apply
1. Brit bat
3. Shave the hair off the child’s head on the seventh day
4. Perform the adhan
8.An anxious 37 year old pregnant Arab Muslim woman enters the emergency room frightened. You the triage nurse begin to ask her questions. The woman gives you the universal sign that she does not understand, but you notice clear fluid running down her leg. You lie the woman on a gurney and rush her into Labor and delivery for a vaginal delivery. Having knowledge that she is an Arab Muslim woman what team should be assembled in accordance with Muslim wishes?
1. 2 male nurse and male physician
2. 1 male nurse 1 female nurse and 1 female physician
3. 2 female nurses and 1 female physician
4. 2 female nurses and 1 male doctor