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Smart City, Smart Grid
Transcript of Smart City, Smart Grid
Some of the key drivers for smart grids are: • Increase the use of renewable energy and energy on demand
• Increase the use of the electric vehicles. Smart Grid Development:
Smart grids’ objectives are numerous and stem from a variety of functional elements which include:
Smart buildings to enable the customer to manage and reduce the electricity.
Improved power quality, increased national productivity.
Help to move toward green energy society.
Better health care to society.
more deployment of renewable energy sources
Predict and respond power requirements to avoid the power outages .
Help to shrink the power generation near urban and industrial centers
Smarter distribution system and that will help to create more decentralized generation for electric vehicles and heat pumps into the network and encourage consumers to actively manage their energy demand .
The Smart Grid will allow the benefits resulting from the rapid growth of renewable power generation and storage as well as the increased use of electric vehicles to become available to consumers. Objectives of Smart Grids: . Traditional Electric supply: By the use of the Smart grid technology a remarkable improvement is going to happen to the electric car supply. Two types of the charging points ON Street and OFF street as shown on the picture. Traditional Charging Points: Vehicle to grid (V2G) is a new technology for the electric vehicles. It can be defined as the interaction between the vehicle and the smart grid. Vehicle to Grid: As it can be seen on the picture, ICT plays an important role in the future of the Vehicle to grid technology. Role of ICT in charging the EV: Electric Vehicles require communications between the battery and external EV charging station or residential EV charging system, which are collectively called Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). Communications is needed for battery power monitoring / management, billing / payment information, identification and security purposes. Typical time taken to charge electric vehicles. Charging Stations: • Slow - standard 13 ampere - 6 to 8 hours.
• Fast - single and three phase 32A - 3 to 4 hours.
• Rapid - direct current - 30 minutes. As shown below, slow charging stations are the most readily available today with a few fast charging stations. Rapid charging stations are yet to be installed. Powered by renewable energies: Smart charging of electric vehicles: Electric Vehicle ICT one three two two one This new architectures require development of two-way
communication system, computing and smart grid devices The role of ICT is to enable secure and reliable communication and control of all smart grid elements, including:
Different renewable energy sources,
Industrial customer. ICT & smart grid: three two one smart city Issues with the traditional electric supply:
Pollution Smart Grids as Enablers for Smart Cities and Other Smart Community Solutions Home charging station: By using smart grid technology the electric car owners will be able to view and control their electric car charging from anywhere and ensure that their vehicle is charged at times when there is low demand on the electricity grid, reducing cost and carbon emissions.
With solar panels or wind turbines on their property, the system can even detect when power is being generated and direct the car to start charging to make use of the available renewable energy, providing zero emissions motoring. An App to help owners of Electric cars find electric car charging stations in their neighborhood. Future: The future of the electric vehicle seems bright and it can be seen that with developments in smart grid technology many issues associated with electric vehicles will be overcome. At this stage, it is difficult to predict the within what timescales the required developments will happen but advances in technology mean it is likely to be sooner rather than later. The best solution for the electric vehicle is to be recharged by the renewable energies in order to achieve the smart city vision. MyFord app will be launching with Ford's upcoming electric vehicles, and help them plan routes, find charging stations, and even brag about how much fuel they are saving. Blink App:
ECOtality's Blink service is getting an app for iOS and Android that will enable electric vehicle owners to find charging stations near them. TALAL ALRASHDAN Ayman Toema Thanks for your time
in helping. Smart grid Developments in technology, most notably ICT, have made the smart city no longer a concept but a reality. In general, a smart city is recognized/ranked based on a number of criteria as shown below.
This presentation focuses on the role of ICT in the electrification of personal cars and car fleets and how this relates to smart grids and smart cities