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Chapter 7 Section 1: Washington Leads a New Nation

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Dean Burress

on 10 January 2014

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Transcript of Chapter 7 Section 1: Washington Leads a New Nation

The First President
Many Americans believed George Washington should be the first president.
Most Americans had high expectations about the new government because they trusted their leaders to protect their economic and security interests.
In January 1789, the 11 states that had passed the Constitution chose the first president.
The electoral college (a body of electors who represent the people's vote in choosing the president) selected Washington unanimously, and John Adams became his vice president.

Organizing the Government
The new federal government had to create policies and procedures that would determine the future of the country.
Washington believed that by being the first president and starting the first government, there would be many precedents (an action or decision that later serves as an example) set.
The First Congress created departments in the executive branch for different areas of national policy.
As President, Washington was able to appoint these cabinet members. They were:
Henry Knox, Secretary of War
Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State
Edmund Randolph, Attorney General
Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury
John Adams, Vice President
Judiciary Act of 1789
To set up a federal court system and the courts' location, Congress passed the Judiciary Act of 1789.
This act created three levels of federal courts and defined their powers and relationship to the state courts.
It set up federal district courts and circuit courts of appeals.
The President nominated candidates for federal judgeships, and those candidates had to be approved by the Senate.
In Canvas, go to this course, and then “Discussions” on the left side.
Select the discussion topic titled “Bellwork for January 10, 2014”.
Type your answer in the “Reply” field below the original post.
Once you have completed the Bellwork, hit the “Post Reply” button.

Chapter 7 Section 1: Washington Leads a New Nation
Full transcript