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The Muscular System
Transcript of The Muscular System
Topic 1.2.4: A healthy, active lifestyle and your muscular system
Will be able to understand what
types of muscles are.
and be able to
name the key muscles.
As above. + Be able to
locate muscles on a body.
antagonistic muscle pairs
are and be able to name the
As above. + know two different types of
contractions that take place.
Be able to give
of each of the
There are approximately 642 muscles in the human body... you only need to know
Write the muscles out in order starting from top to bottom.
Close your books..
Working with a
, one person act as a body and the other use sticky notes to
label the 11 muscle locations
on them. (You have 4 Mins)
What are the two muscles working when you
flex and extend
Extension: In your books explain in your own words how are they
to create this movement?
is when one muscle
and the other
to allow a joint to function and move.
Extension: Can you think of any other
What is the
theme about each of these pairs - Think about where the muscles are in relation to each other?
of muscles create m___m__t when one (the
Prime Mover -
Bicep) C__________ and the other (the
- ie. T______) Relaxes.
when they '
When a muscle contracts to create a particular movement,
it's called an
it is called a
it is called an
How do muscles make us move?
Muscles can be split into two groups :
work our internal organs (stomach, intestine and bladder ). They are outside of our control.
make the body move. They are attached to the skeleton and can be controlled.
Voluntary muscles have
Fast twitch fibres
, but do
not use oxygen well and tire quickly.
Slow twitch fibres
use oxygen well and keep going for a long time.
1. Using the above statements - What two
different types of runners
would benefit from having either of these these muscle fibres? (2 Marks)
A muscle that contracts but does not move is called an
Copy and fill in -
The are two different types of muscle fibres
2. Quadriceps / Hamstrings/ Gastrocnemius
3. Fast Twitch
4. Does not use oxygen well / Quick to tire
5. Quadriceps / Hamstrings
8. (Click to next slide)
- moves like Water
centric - Shortens (
ccentric - Lengthens (
Easy ways to remember
- Does not move
2. Think of 3 sports that rely heavily on
Fast Twitch Fibres
3. Think of 3 sports that rely heavily on
Slow Twitch Fibres
In pairs write down
Fill out the exam paper then swap with the person next to you.
Starter: Name as many muscles on the human body as you can. (2 Mins)
1 -3 - Poor
3 - 6 - Average
6 - 9 - Good
11 + - Excellent
antagonistic muscle pair
create a poster
to explain clearly
how it works
Label fully with muscle names an the muscle actions involved ie. Concentric/eccentric
The term 'Muscular system' describes all the muscles in your body and how they work.
Muscles are used for a variety of different things some of these included: