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Transcript of Florence
Florence is built on the Arno River, which was part of the trade route for many centuries. Many merchants and traders had prospered in Florence.
Since Florence was near Rome, the wealthy bankers in Florence supported the pope in Rome. In return the pope gave the bankers the financial business of the *papacy.
*Papacy- The pope and the government of the Roman Catholic Church.
Culture and the Medici Family
Florence became a major center of Renaissance culture under Medici family control.
The family supported artists, architects, and scholars.
The Medici family were known as great patrons of the arts. Patrons of the arts means people who provide financial or other support for artists.
The support of the family resulted in a city rich in works of art, architectural marvels, and scholarly thoughts.
It also brought up ideas of citizenship, the rich and powerful people believed it was their job to carry out positive civic work.
By: Kiran Bal 8T
Florence developed as a city-state in north-central Italy.
It is built on the Arno River.
It is near Rome,Italy.
Home of the very famous Medici Family.
Florence was based on a class system.
There were 3 classes:
1. The nobles or upper class owned most of the land and lived on properties outside the city.
2. People in the merchant class were called ''popolo grasso''( the fat people). They organized themselves into guilds. Guilds were an organization of craftsmen or merchants.
3. Workers and shopkeepers were called "popolo minuto"( the little people). Many of the workers had been *peasants, who had moved to Florence to work in the fabric industries.
* Peasants- A poor farmer of low social status, who worked the land of the Lords. They were considered the properties of the Lords.
Social Systems and Guilds
Influence of Geography
Cosimo de Medici
How did the Culture and Society of Florence Reflect the Renaissance Worldview?
Since Florence was part of the trade route, many merchants and traders came to trade from different parts of the world. This introduced the Europeans to different ideas and knowledge from other societies.
The Medici family supported artists,that made wonderful paintings and sculptures using different techniques and styles. This helped make art more unique, instead of all the paintings being about the same thing.
The family also supported scholars, which resulted in a city full of scholarly thought.
Painting of peasants working in the field.
Lorenzo de Medici
Economic and Political Systems
Florence began as a republic, but did not last because of power struggles among different groups.
By 1435, one very powerful family, the Medici, took control of the city.
During the Renaissance time, trade increased and Florence became the center of successful bankers, silk and wool merchants.
The number of merchants and traders grew and so did their wealth.
Florence bought surrounding cities such as: Lucca, Arezzo, and Livorno.
Florins were the first gold coins produced in western Europe.
Florins originated from Florence.
The florin became the standard currency of Europe during the early Renaissance.
"Our Worldviews" Textbook
How did the Political and Economic Systems of Florence Reflect the Renaissance Worldview?
The gold coins that are called florins, led to the use of money instead of bartering, for purchasing items.
The number of merchants grew and so did their wealth because of the increase of trade during the Renaissance. They became a powerful and new class outside the hierarchy of the feudal system. This made people begin to see that it was possible to move out of the class they were born in.