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Children and the Holocaust

Brief introduction of the Holocaust's affect on Children and historical events
by

Dan Cournoyer

on 7 April 2013

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Transcript of Children and the Holocaust

Children and the Holocaust Overview 1.5 million children were killed.
Jewish, Romani (Gypsy), Soviet, Polish Children, and German children with disabilities were all killed.
Children were the first victims to be killed.
Gassing was the main way of killing the children.
However many children died before they even made it to the death camps. Children in the Ghettos Children in the camps Tehran Children In the ghettos children would die of things such as starvation and disease.
The Germans did not care that much because to them they were considered, "Useless eaters" meaning that the children were deemed unable to contribute to the nation. Jobs Children Did in the Ghetto Children were used to smuggle food and medicine into the ghettos.
With smuggling children would risk their lives and if they were discovered they risked being killed as a warning to others. Mostly Polish and Jewish Children.
They were brought from the Soviet Union to Tehran, Iran, giving them the name, Tehran Children.
Many of the Tehran Children were between the ages of 7-12. With the war progressing, the war front was collapsing upon the Soviet Union, the Polish Jews were forced to move farther into the Soviet Union.

Moving caused more children to be orphaned.

Eventually they were relocated to Iran.
They were placed with Polish-Christian children.

Iran was a neutral country, but they allowed the Polish to occupy their land.

In total 1,000 Polish Jews were brought to Iran. The Jewish Agency for Palestine, a Government funded organization that helped the Jewish.
The Agency established an orphanage for the Jewish Children.
The situation in Tehran was so different from the conditions in the European camps that sick children that were brought to Tehran actually saw health improvements.
The children over time began traveling around and eventually they ended up settling in Palestine. The Children of Tehran actually had support from America and the British.

The British administration approved them for farming and the children worked on farms.

In the War of Israel's independence 35 children died as either civilians or soldiers. Children Born in Auschwitz What happened to the Children in Auschwitz Initially Jewish born children were put to death until 1944.

Any children that were born in the camps were put to death immediately.

Mothers and Children were gassed together because having a child made the mother look unfit for work, and therefore useless. Children In Hiding Nazi's went after children and infants, and they were usually killed.

Many children survived by hiding

They were placed with foster families or in orphanages

As did many jews, children often disguised their identities and concealed themselves from the outside world. •“Hiding meant leaving behind relatives, risking immediate and severe punishment, and finding an individual or family willing to provide refuge. Many Jews, no doubt, held out the hope that the threat of death would pass or that they could survive until the Allied victory.” Children In Hiding •For children that had to stay concealed inside, life was filled with pain and boredom. Toys and Play

Children often played made-up games to help pass the grueling hours & create distraction
•Having a toy or a personal belonging often provided comfort and memories

•Toys, while only temporarily, allowed children to have some resemblance of a normal childhood Children In Hiding Children In Hiding •Education a large part of Jewish tradition,

Nazis took over and Jews were limited from attending schools

•“Aryan” looking children attended school as routinely as possible

•Concealed children had to try and educate themselves just from reading and writing Education Discovery •Hiding was extremely dangerous, Nazis were constantly looking for jews in hiding.

•Jews were harshly punished that were in hiding as well as individuals that helped and protected jews.

•Nazis got people, including jews to turn on each other ex) The Nazis would offer rewards to people who turned in jews: 1943 incident Auschwitz alone saw over 232,000 children. Majority of the kids in the camps were between the ages of 12-14, because they could be used for labor. Older children were not killed immediately.

Some boys would not be killed and they were forced to work constructing the crematoria in Birkenau, however after construction was completed they were killed. Statistics on Auschwitz These statistics are straight from the National Holocaust Museum: Child mortality was high, only between 6-11% of the prewar population of Jewish children survived.
Of the estimated 232,000 to enter Auschwitz, only 451 child survivors were found among the 9,000 people in the camp when the Soviets liberated Auschwitz.
Also, among the 1,000,000 Jewish children in Poland at the time, only 5,000 survived, most were in hiding. After Liberation Few children were found alive in the camps after they were liberated.

Like the other victims they were seriously underweight, had nutritional issues, along with diseases that came with poor sanitation, and facilities. Children in Hiding "I HAD TO KEEP MY JEWISHNESS HIDDEN, SECRET, NEVER TO BE REVEALED ON PENALTY OF DEATH. I MISSED OUT ON MY CHILDHOOD AND THE BEST OF MY ADOLESCENT YEARS. I WAS ROBBED OF MY NAME, MY RELIGION, MY ZIONIST IDEALISM."
— Regine Donner, Jewish child in hiding in Belgium Tehran Children Tehran Children Works Cited Works Cited
"Children in Auschwitz." Auschwitz - Birkenau. Auschwitz - Birkenau Memorial Museum, n.d. Web. 01 Apr. 2013. <http://en.auschwitz.org/h/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3&Itemid=1>.
"CHILDREN IN AUSCHWITZ (part 1)." CHILDREN IN AUSCHWITZ. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013. <http://www.wsg-hist.uni-linz.ac.at/auschwitz/html/Kinder-II.html>.
"THE CHILDREN OF TEHERAN // Trailer // JMT Films Distribution." YouTube. YouTube, 01 Dec. 2010. Web. 03 Apr. 2013. <
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"Holocaust History." Children during the Holocaust. United States Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.
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"Holocaust History." Hidden Children: Choices. United States Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10006126>.
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"Holocaust History." Plight of Jewish Children. United States Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10006124>.
"Holocaust History." Tehran Children. United States Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 07 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007498>.
"Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: Starvation in the Warsaw Ghetto- Yosef Charny." YouTube. YouTube, 10 Feb. 2010. Web. 05 Apr. 2013. <
"Life in Shadows: Hidden Children and the Holocaust." Life in Shadows: Hidden Children and the Holocaust. United States Holocaust Museum, n.d. Web. 02 Apr. 2013. <http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/hiddenchildren/insideX/>.
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