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Copy of Native American Tribes

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by

Susan Trotter

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Native American Tribes

Native American Tribes
Georgia Performance Standard:
SS4H1: The student will describe how early Native American cultures developed in North America.
a. Locate where Native Americans settled with emphasis on the Arctic (Inuit), Northwest (Kwakiutl), Plateau (Nez Perce), Southwest (Hopi), Plains (Pawnee), and Southeast (Seminole).
b. Describe how Native Americans used their environment to obtain food, clothing, and shelter.
Arctic Region
Inuit Tribe
Inuit
The Inuit tribe lived in present-day Alaska and northern Canada. This area is known as the
Arctic region
.
Since this tribe lived in the Arctic region, the temperatures were icy and freezing cold. The temperature is below freezing for most of the year.
The weather in the Arctic region was too cold for farming, so the Inuit tribe got most of their food from animals that they hunted. They hunted seal, walrus, and caribou. The Inuits also fished.
The Inuit tribe used skin from animals that they hunted in order to have warm clothing. This included seals, hides, and fur.
The Inuit tribe lived in
igloos
. Igloos are homes made from snow and ice.
Northwest
Region

Kwakiutl Tribe
Kwakiutl
The Kwakiutl tribe lived on the Pacific Northwest coast in present-day Washington. This area is known as the
Northwest region
.
The climate in the northwest region has a cold and wet environment. It usually rains and the climate is mild.
The Kwakiutls received their food from the Pacific Ocean. They hunted whales using wooden harpoons.
The Kwakiutl tribe used plant materials, hides, and fur to make clothing for themselves. These plant materials also included bark from trees.
The Kwakiutl tribe used timber to make plank houses. These plank houses were where they lived.
Plateau
Region

Nez Perce
The Nez Perce tribe lived in high country between the Rocky Mountains and the Cascade Mountains in the state of Washington. This region is known as the
Plateau region
.
The climate of the plateau region where the Nez Perce tribe lived is mild. This region has all four seasons throughout the year.
The Nez Perce tribe were hunters. They moved around during the year to follow the salmon during the spring time.
Since the Nez Perce tribe were hunters, they used the skin from the deer that they hunted to make clothing. They also used plant materials, hides, and fur.
In the winter, the Nez Perce tribe lived in
long houses
that were built from woven mats and wooden poles. These houses could be up to 100 feet long. During the summer, the Nez Perce tribe lived in
tepees
- a house made of poles and covered with buffalo skins.
Southwest
Region

Hopi Tribe
Hopi
The Hopi tribe lived in the hot, dry desert in present-day Arizona. This area is known as the
Southwest region
.
Since the Hopi tribe is located in the west, the climate is extremely dry and hot.
The Hopi tribe were mostly farmers.
The Hopi tribe grew cotton and used it to make clothes for themselves.
The Hopi tribe made
pueblos
out of stone and mud.
Plains
Region

Pawnee
The Pawnee tribe lives in the middle of the United States in the Great Plains. This area is known as the
Plains region
.
Pawnee Tribe
Nez Perce Tribe
The plains region is very dry, but has four seasons. This area has grasslands and no trees.
The Pawnee tribe hunted and farmed for their food. They farmed using the rich land in the valleys along the rivers. Buffalo was a main food source for the Pawnee tribe. Dried meat was used during the long winter months.
The Pawnee tribe used buffalo hides to make their own clothing. They also used other animal skins, like deer.
The Pawnee tribe built
teepees
from animal hides and wooden poles.
Southeast
Region

Seminole Tribe
Seminole
The Seminole tribe lived in present-day Florida. This area is known as the
Southeastern region
.
Since the Seminole tribe was located on the east coast, their climate was warm and wet. The temperature was also very humid.
The Seminoles farmed, hunted, fished, and gathered food.
The Seminole tribe used a mixture of plant materials and animal skins to make their own clothing.
The Seminole tribe used palmetto trees and wooden poles to make
chickees
- houses with open walls.
Can you find out any more facts about the Inuit tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Can you find out any more facts about the Kwakiutl tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Can you find out any more facts about the Nez Perce tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Can you find out any more facts about the Hopi tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Can you find out any more facts about the Pawnee tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Can you find out any more facts about the Seminole tribe? See if you can find one more fact about this tribe tonight for homework. Post it on our Native American discussion on My Big Campus and/or write it down in this section of your notes.
Assignments for Students:
Compare and Contrast Activity
Teachers:
See Native American Printables PDF
Illustrate and Describe A Tribe Activity
Teachers:
See Native American Printables PDF
Native American Review Game
Teachers:
See Native American Review Game PDF
Full transcript